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ISSN:2394-3661 | Crossref DOI | SJIF: 5.138 | PIF: 3.854

International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

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1

Title : Extraction of Trace amounts of Mo(II) in water samples using Nano Graphene oxide modified with porphyrinand determination FAAS

Authors : Ali Moghimi, Mohammad Yari

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Abstract : A simple, highly sensitive, accurate and selective method for determination of trace amounts of Mo2+in water samples .In this paper, a Graphene oxide with covalently linked porphyrin (GO-H2P) based new sorbent was prepared. The modified Graphene oxide (GO-H2P) was used for preconcentration of Mo(II) from aqueous solutions. The analytical variables were optimized by central composite design (CCD). Flame atomic absorption spectrometer was utilized for determination of Mo(II). The analytical features for sorption were found to be 5.2; 4.3 mL min-1 and 55.0 mL for pH, flow rate and sample volume, respectively. HNO3 was used as eluent and maximum preconcentration factor was found to be 200.Elution parameters were also determined as 4 mL min-1; 0.6 mol L-1 and 5.1 mL forflow rate, eluent concentration and eluent volume, respectively.Limit of detection and limit of quantification were found to be 49.6 and 163.7 ng L-1, respectively. Validation of the developed method was performed using certified reference material (TMDA-53.3). The methodology was applied for determination of Mo(II) in natural water samples and satisfactory results were obtained.
1-5
2

Title : Some methods to increase the time tE of increased safety Ex e motor for explosive atmospheres

Authors : Dr. Bhagirath Ahirwa and Dr. Tarun Kumar Chatterjee

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Abstract : Increased safety (Ex e) High Tension (HT) squirrel cage induction motors are being designed for safe operation in the explosive atmospheres. The motor time tE for increased safety motor is prime safety parameter. The higher value of time tE means insulating system of Ex e motor is able to withstand the locked condition for long time so motor will be more safe for long duration during in specified abnormal condition in hazardous area. The research work shows that the time tE of Ex e motor can be increased by two proposed methods; by increasing the mass of rotor bar or by increasing the stator coil pitch. Low speed and a high speed HT Ex e motor were selected to redesign with increasing rotor bar mass and stator coil pitch. The time tE and other parameters of redesigned motors have been compared with standard design of Ex e motor. It is anticipated that this study will be of immense benefit to Ex e HT motor designers.
6-14
3

Title : Routing Optimization to Maximize Network Life time using Deactivation of Uninteresting Nodes in ADHOC Network

Authors : Vikas Sarkar, Nikhat Raza, B. L. Pal

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Abstract : In ad-hoc networks, to guarantee the delivery of a packet from sender to destination, each node must maintain the energy level information of its neighbor along with itself in routing tables depending upon the network structure and geographic position assisted routing. Energy aware routing proposal deals with efficient utilization of energy resources. By controlling the early depletion of the battery it changes the power to decide the proper power level of a node and include the low power strategies into the protocols used in various layers of protocol stack. Therefore, a network needs to meet such requirements for the end users to satisfy a particular application while transporting a packet stream from a source to its destination. The energy aware routing should be efficient enough to deal with wide range of performance issues like Packet Delivery Ratio, Network Routing Load, Average End-End Delay, Routing Packet and Jitter. This paper focuses on method of energy awareness in communications between ad-hoc network nodes. The problem, of, energy constraints has been addressed in different protocols, which are based on existing protocol.
15-18
4

Title : Adsorption and thermodynamics of lead (II) using seeds of watermelon (SWM) as a low cost sorbent

Authors : Salem E. Samra, Bakir Jeragh, Ahmed M. EL-Nokrashy, Ahmed A. El-Asmy

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Abstract : The removal of lead(II) ions from aqueous solutions using seeds of watermelon (SWM) by adsorption technique has been studied. The adsorption % of Pb2+ at pH 6 and 120 min is ~ 97%. Solution pH, initial concentrations of Pb2+ ions and seeds of watermelon, shaking time and temperature were optimized. The Freundlich and Langmuir equations were applied. The thermodynamic parameters viz. the change in Gibbs free energy change (ΔG, - 20.96 kJ mol-1 at 333 K), enthalpy (ΔH, 18.51 Jmol-1) and entropy (ΔS, 63.00 Jmol-1 K-1) were also evaluated. The negative ΔG◦ value indicates that the adsorption is spontaneous thermodynamically. The removal of ~97% of Pb2+ ions was attained using 2 g/L SWM applying the suggested optimum experimental conditions. The procedure was successfully applied to remove Pb2+ from aqueous and different natural water samples.
19-24
5

Title : Environmental Impact of Indiscriminate Waste Disposal

Authors : I Abdullahi, M A Ajibike, A P Man-ugwueje, O I Ndububa

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Abstract : Indiscriminate waste disposal, in this study refers to the disposal of solid and liquid wastes without taking necessary measures. The huge amount of refuse is clearly increasing all over the base, littering streets and causing pollution, all of which cause untidiness to the Nigerian Air Force Base, Kaduna. The study identifies different types of solid waste and their composition in both old and new layouts of the base, which are indiscriminately disposed in the study area. The study also examined the environmental implication of indiscriminate waste disposal in the Nigerian Air Force Base. Careful analyses of the study questionnaire revealed that, there is much needed to be ingested into the management of domestic wastes from the households in the Nigerian Air Force Base, Kaduna. Significant relationship between the provision of required services and imminent need to improve on the disposal of waste was also considered. The study area practices three forms of disposal methods which are incineration, landfill system and composting. The problems of collection and disposal (management) of domestic, solid waste in the Nigerian Air Force Base, Kaduna face insufficient facilities, coordination, shortage of manpower, inadequate supervision, staff attitude and relative ignorance on the adversity of a filthy environment. The result obtained shows that domestic solid waste with 90 percent is the dominant type of waste generated, which consist of bio-degradable and non bio-degradable materials e.g. bottles, metal rags, leaves etc. The lowest type of waste generated was commercial with 10 percent. Efforts are needed from both personnel and their families and the Air Force Base authorities to promote the quality of the environment and save the health of inhabitants.
25-33
6

Title : Evaluation of Phytoremediation Potential of Lantana camara for Heavy Metals in an Industrially Polluted Area in Bhopal, India

Authors : Ashwini A. Waoo, Swati Khare, Sujata Ganguly

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Abstract :

Soil contamination from industrial effluents and mining activities is a widespread concern all over the world. Generally soil act as the buffer zone between atmosphere and underground water, thus soil contamination creates a serious threat to soil and to the surrounding biosphere. This research program is aimed to make an in-depth investigation about the remediation of contaminated sites from various metal contaminants using specific plants. This study concentrates on the evaluation of phytoremediation potential of Lantana camara for the surroundings of industrial area of Bhopal, which is heavily affected by heavy metal pollution. The aim of our research was to identify some interesting accumulators which may associate an important biomass production with an effective absorption and translocation of heavy metals. The present study is focused on the ability of the native plant to accumulate and tolerate high concentrations of heavy metals on heavy metal supplemented M S medium in tissue culture, which are often associated in polluted areas.

1-3
7

Title : Ethno-medicinal Practices for the Treatment of Asthma, Diuretic, Jaundice, Piles, Rheumatism and Vomiting at the Village Abdullahpur under Akkelpur Upazilla of Joypurhat District, Bangladesh

Authors : A.H.M. Mahbubur Rahman

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Abstract : An ethno-medicinal study was conducted from July 2013 to June 2014 to investigation the uses of medicinal plants by Santhal community at the village Abdullahpur of Joypurhat district of Bangladesh. This article focuses on the treatment of asthma, diuretic, jaundice, piles, rheumatism and vomiting. The present paper reported 33 medicinal plants belonging to 21 families and 30 genera. Habit analysis shows that herbs, shrubs, climbers and trees are represented by 12, 6, 3 and 12 species, respectively. For each species scientific name, local name, family, habit, mode of uses and part(s) used are provided. This detailed information will be helpful for the pharmacognosist, botanist, ethno-botanist and pharmacologist for the collection and identification of the plant for their research work and isolation of plant products benefitting human health.
4-8
8

Title : Design Of Waste Stabilization Pond For Sewage Treatment At Nigerian Defence Academy Staff Quarters, Permanent Site Mando Kaduna

Authors : I Abdullahi, I Nasiru, A Saminu, L Sagir, E Charity

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Abstract : Waste treatment is normally by two main methods which are mechanical and natural. Mechanical method of treating wastes comprises of sanitary sewer system, aerated lagoons with mechanical aerator, this poses problem due to non availability of electricity to power the machine constantly and mechanical defect that hinders smooth operation. There is also cost of chemical to treat the sewage. Natural method has proven to be more effective and less expensive. This made the natural method to be adopted as a major method for treating wastes in many countries. This methods involves the use of ponds. These are large shallow basins enclosed by earthen embankment in which raw sewage is treated by entirely natural process involving both algae and bacteria. Wastes are usually treated by supplying them with oxygen so that bacteria can utilize the waste as food.
9-15
9

Title : Design of HPCF with nearly zero flattened Chromatic Dispersion

Authors : Ravindra Kumar Sharma, Sunil Sharma, Shambhu Dayal Sharma

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Abstract :

Here we have consider an air-silica honeycomb lattice and demonstrate a new approach to the formation of a core defect. The honeycomb lattice has recently been suggested for the formation of a photonic band-gap guiding silica-core. Here we discuss how a core defect can be formed by manipulating the cladding region rather than the core region itself. There are so many difficulties occur during the design process. Because when parameters are being changed the designing varies accordingly. For this purpose we have use HPCF in scalar effective index method (SEIM) and consider chromatic dispersion of HPCF for having air hole diameter 1.0 micro.m, and pitch 2.0 micro.m. The maximum pitch can be consider as 5.0 micro.m and air hole diameter is 9.0 micro.m. Transparent boundary condition (TBC) is proposed here for the calculation of Refractive index of HPCF.

16-20
10

Title : Measurement of Critical Micelle Concentration of Technical Grade Non-ionic Detergent Tween-40 in Presence of Chloramine-T by Ultrasonic Velocity Measurements

Authors : A .A. PATIL

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Abstract : The phenomenon of solubilization of nonionic surfactant Tween-40 has been studied through the influence of additive Chloramine-T in aqueous medium by measuring the ultrasonic velocity of the pure surfactant and with Chloramine-T. The ultrasonic velocity of pure surfactant as well as mixed system was found to be increased with increase in temperature. By keeping the surfactant concentration equal to its CMC, for mixed system the CMC found to be increased with the addition of Chloramine-T. This is mainly due to increased micelle concentrations. The CMC for pure or mixed system found to be decreased with increase in temperature. The influence of additive Chloramine-T on the CMC and acoustical parameters of nonionic surfactnat is a clear indication that the phenomenon of micellization is associated with the different micelles coalescing. The CMC of pure and mixed system decreses with increase in temperature. This decrease in CMC may be due to change in free energy of the system with increase in temperature. Findings of the present work support to the probable evidence of electrolyte surfactant interactions in aqueous medium.
1-4
11

Title : An Experimental Investigation on Biosorption of Cadmium by Erythrina Variegate Orientalies as an Adsorbent

Authors : Nageswara Rao.L, P.Rohini Kumar and D.Kamalakar

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Abstract : An unauthorized activity of releasing harmful contaminants arising from domestic, municipal and industrial establishments into the environment is continuing unabated due to expensive treatment process and ineffective implementation of environmental legislation. In developing countries with the result there is a study increase in concentrations of pollutants sometimes reaching alarming levels and causing serious human health hazards of the life, sustaining water resource due to release of industrial effluents is one of the serious environmental problems encounter today. In the present work an attempt is made to study to effect of parameters like pH, temperature, time of contact, bisorbent dosage, size of bisorbent etc. on removal of Cadmium and determination of equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamic parameters in a batch biosorption of cadmium by the leaf powder of Erythria Variegate Orientalies as biosorbent.
5-9
12

Title : Application Of Open EMR As Scheduler For Doctors Using Distributed Electronic Patient Record Concept: The Key Issues In Designing & Managing Patient Appointment

Authors : Priti Kalode, Dr Onkar S Kemkar, Dr. P. R. Gundalwar

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Abstract : Appointment scheduling systems are used by primary and specialty care clinics to manage access to service providers, as well as by hospitals to schedule appointments. Many factors affect the performance of appointment systems including arrival and service time variability, patient and provider preferences etc. Appointment scheduling system lies at the intersection of providing efficiency and timely access to health services. This research presents an Distributed Electronic Patient Record (DEPR) Medical Appointment Booking System. The system was developed using Asp.Net and MySql. Further we discuss about the integration of system with OpenEMR.
10-12
13

Title : Structural Concept and Analysis of the 17-Story Base Isolated Apartment Building Sevak

Authors : Mikayel Melkumyan

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Abstract :

In recent years seismic isolation technologies in Armenia were extensively applied in construction of multi-story residential and business center complexes with parking floors and with floors envisaged for offices, shopping centers, fitness clubs, etc. They are briefly described in the paper, which is, however, mainly dedicated to a 17-story base isolated apartment building “Sevak” designed and constructed recently in the city of Yerevan. The structural concept, including the new approach on installation of seismic isolation rubber bearings in this building, is described and some results of the earthquake response analyses are given. The building was analyzed using several time histories and also according to the requirements of the Armenian Seismic Code. Comparison of the obtained results indicates the high effectiveness of the proposed structural concept of isolation system and the need for further improvement of Seismic Code provisions regarding the values of the reduction factors.

13-17
14

Title : A Modified Self-Tuning Fuzzy-Neural Controller

Authors : Hsiao-Kang Hwang, Yu-Ju Chen, Chuo-Yean Chang, Rey-Chue Hwang

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Abstract : This paper presents a modified self-tuning fuzzy-neural controller in the applications nonlinear model reference control system. In order to make the controller have the adaptive control capability, the immediate system error (e(k)) and error change ( e(k)) are used to be the inputs for fuzzy-neural tuning mechanism. For simplifying the construction of fuzzy system, nine rules are used in the rule table. To demonstrate the superiority of the controller we developed, several nonlinear model reference control systems are studied and simulated. The simulation results clearly show that the self-tuning fuzzy-neural controller has quite promising potential in the real control applications.
18-22
15

Title : Non-Null Intersection Curves of Timelike Surfaces in Lorentz-Minkowski 3-Space

Authors : Zafer Şanlı, Yusuf Yaylı

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Abstract : In this paper, we investigate the curvature and the torsion of a intersection curve of two timelike surfaces in Lorentz-Minkowski 3-space.
23-26
16

Title : Review on Data Mining with Big Data

Authors : Savita Suryavanshi, Prof. Bharati Kale

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Abstract : Big Data concern large-volume, complex, growing data sets with multiple, autonomous sources. With the fast development of networking, data storage, and the data collection capacity, Big Data are now rapidly expanding in all science and engineering domains, including physical, biological and biomedical sciences. This paper presents a HACE theorem that characterizes the features of the Big Data revolution, and proposes a Big Data processing model, from the data mining perspective. This data-driven model involves demand-driven aggregation of information sources, mining and analysis, user interest modeling, and security and privacy considerations. We analyze the challenging issues in the data-driven model and also in the Big Data revolution.
27-29
17

Title : Study of Voltage Stability Indices Suitable for Online Applications

Authors : Ch V V S Bhaskara Reddy

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Abstract : Modern power systems are operating close to their maximum loadability limit due to various economical, geographical, environmental and operational issues. Sometimes, these operating conditions lead to instability of power system. The instability in power systems is due to rotor angle issues or voltage related issues. In this article, two methods used to predict the voltage instability of power system are discussed. The methods discussed are Voltage Stability Risk Index (VSRI), and Improved Voltage Instability Monitoring Index (IVIMI). The VSRI and IVIMI are developed by using time series data and are suitable for online purposes. Study of these indices was carried out on Northern Region Power Grid 246-bus test system.
30-33
18

Title : Water Supply and Sanitation Challenges in an Urban Setting: A Case Study

Authors : David O. Olukanni, Michael O. Ajetomobi, Samson O. Tebowei, Olakunle O. Ologun, Oluwasanmi M. Kayode

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Abstract : Access to clean water, good sanitation services and improved hygiene practices enhance sound health, boost socio-cultural development, and promote economic balance. This study is focused on investigating and identifying the state of water, sanitation and hygiene practices in an urban setting, and proffer solutions to the probable challenges associated with it. Five Local Government areas (LGAs) of Lagos State were selected for this study. The survey involved the use of structured questionnaires administered to randomly selected residents from the LGAs. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software application and descriptive statistics were used for data analysis. The study reveals that access to water and proper sanitation is insufficient and its services is at high cost to many of the residents who live below the poverty line of less than $2 per day. The supply of water from the water corporation to the local government is not sufficient thereby making many to rely on commercial and private boreholes which often time is expensive. The result also shows that indifferent attitude characterizes poor sanitation which is basically associated with poor maintenance, indiscriminate dumping of refuse in drains and ineffective drainage systems. It is therefore important that sustained cooperation be developed among key actors in order to reduce cost of gaining access to potable water. There should also be continuous sensitization and enlightenment campaigns to the public on the dangers of environmental neglect.
34-38
19

Title : Hydromagnetic convective couette flow in presence of time dependent suction and radiative heat source

Authors : S. S. Das, S. Panda, N. C. Bera

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Abstract : This paper concerns with the effect of radiative heat transfer on unsteady hydromagnetic free convective couette flow of a viscous incompressible electrically conducting fluid in presence of variable suction. Employing perturbation technique, the governing equations of the flow field are solved and the expressions for the velocity, temperature, skin friction and the heat flux i.e. the rate of heat transfer in terms of Nusselts number Nu are obtained. The effects of the important flow parameters such as radiation parameter F, magnetic parameter M, slip flow parameters h1, h2; suction parameters a1, a2 , Prandtl number Pr etc. on the velocity and temperature of the flow field are analyzed and discussed graphically with the help of figures and tables.
39-44
20

Title : A Theoretical Model for the Design of a Labyrinth Seal Gland

Authors : E. Saber, Khaled M. Abdou

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Abstract : The analysis of a rectangular labyrinth seals having several configurations is carried out in this study. The laminar, compressible and axisymmetric flow in a rectangular labyrinth seal is treated and the seal performance is obtained. The analysis is based on the assumptions that adiabatic conditions exist and that the ratio of the seal height to the shaft radius is small as always the case in turbomachines. The theoretical work is capable of handling single cavity in order to compute the pressure ratio, loss in stagnation pressure, change in density, temperature ratio and the variation of inlet to exit Mach number across the cavity. These quantities are obtained at several values of leakage flow Mach number to be used in estimating the required number of cavities to get a minimum allowable leakage rate. For a subsonic leakage flow that is not in choked condition, it is concluded in this work that the performance relations of a single cavity can be used to design a multi-cavity seal to meet an allowable leakage rate.
45-50
21

Title : Green Technology- A review

Authors : S. M. Dhawade, S. M. Harle

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Abstract : The term ‘Green Building’ is quite new and unfamiliar to people and the construction industry. In the present paper, the concepts of green building, its advantages to the environment and humans are studied and a building is designed using its concepts. A green building is shown in this article that is environmentally friendly and resource efficient using renewable energies such as wind, solar, and hydro energy. The term environmentally friendly means constructing a building safe for the surrounding such as it emits less harmful gases. Green building will not affect the environment i.e. it reduces air pollution, water pollution and global warming. The study has shown the plantation of various brushes for reducing carbon dioxide in building environment. Also the models of conventional equipments, used for utilizing the renewable energies, like biogas digester, pellet stove, weather vane, and solar cooker are created.
51-55
22

Title : Tracking and Positioning of Mobile Systems in Telecommunication Networks

Authors : M Sushma Sri

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Abstract : In todays fast generation the Mobile Positioning technology has became a vital role in area of research. The evolution to location dependent services and applications in wireless systems continues to require the development of more accurate and reliable mobile positioning technologies. Mobile Positioning in cellular networks will provide several services such as, locating stolen mobiles, emergency calls, different billing tariffs depending on where the call is originated, and methods to predict the user movement inside a region. The major challenge to accurate location estimation is in creating techniques that yield acceptable performance when the direct path from the transmitter to the receiver is intermittently blocked. This is the Non Line of Sight (NLOS) problem, and it is known to be a major source of error since it systematically causes mobile to appear farther away from the Base station (BS) than it actually is, thereby increasing the positioning error. In this paper, we present a simple method for mobile telephone tracking and positioning with high accuracy. Through this we will discuss some technology used for mobile positioning and tracking.
35-38
23

Title : Soret Effect on the Radiative MHD Free Convective Viscous Flow over an Inclined Plate Embedded in a Porous Medium

Authors : M. Rajaiah, Dr.A. Sudhakaraiah

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Abstract : The present study deals with the combined effects of Soret and chemical reaction on the radiative MHD free convection flow of an electrically conducting incompressible viscous fluid over an inclined plate embedded in a porous medium is studied. The impulsively started plate with variable temperature and mass diffusion is considered. The dimensionless governing partial differential equations have been solved numerically and expressions for velocity, temperature and concentration profile are obtained. They satisfy all imposed initial and boundary conditions and can be reduced, as special cases, to some known solutions from the literature. Expressions for skin friction, Nusselt number and Sherwood number are also obtained. The effects of pertinent parameters on velocity, temperature and concentration profiles are graphically displayed where as the variations in skin friction, Nusselt number and Sherwood number are shown through tables.
39-47
24

Title : Comparison of Results of Calibration of Isolation Current Transformer by Conventional Method & Two Power Comparator Method

Authors : M. K. Mittal, J.C.Biswas , K.P.S.Yadav, A.S.Yadav, L.Sridhar, Manish Tamrakar, Shrikishan, R.P.Agarwal, S. S. Rajput

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Abstract : This paper describes the calibration of Isolation Current Transformer by two methods, by conventional method and by two comparator based calibration method. A conventional method has limitations that we get fixed ratios and hence can go up to lower value of 1A. The uncertainties of the calibration system are in the order of 0.005 % for the ratio error and 0.01 crad for the phase displacement of the current transformer at 50 Hz. The power comparator based measurements can be done at test currents from 10 mA to 160A.
48-51
25

Title : Deterministic Seismic Hazard Analysis For Shallow Earthquakes For Ballar Dam of Chhattisgarh State (India)

Authors : Ashish K. Parashar, S. Atmapoojya, S.S. Rathore

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Abstract : Seismic vulnerability analysis, an approach to get an estimate of the strong ground-motions at any particular site, is mainly intended for earthquake resistant designs or for seismic safety assessments. The hazard study usually attempts to analyze two different kinds of anticipated ground motions, “The Probablistic Seismic Hazard Analysis” (PSHA) and “The Detemininstic Seismic Hazard Analysis” (DSHA). A sincere effort is made herein to do seismic hazard analysis for Ballar Dam of Chattisgarh state . An attempt was made to compile the occurrence of past and recent seismic activities within 300 km radius, around the Dam site. Further the seismic hazard analysis was carried out at substratum level in terms of PGA using (DSHA), deterministic seismic hazard analysis technique The main benchmark and indicator involved in carrying out the hazard analysis is the correctness and completeness of the data which needs to be attained. The knowledge presented in this paper helps in evaluating the seismicity of the region around, Ballar Dam Site after statistical analysis of the database. Finally the results are furnished in the form of peak ground acceleration (PGA) for 50 Percentile & 84 Percentile with 100 years of Recurrence Period which can be used directly by engineers as fundamental considerations, for generating earthquake-resistant design of structures in and around Ballar Dam.
1-4
26

Title : Strength Characteristics of Gravel-Flyash Reinforced with Waste Fibers

Authors : A.Srinivas, Dr. DSV Prasad, Dr. M Anjan Kumar, Dr.GVR Prasada Raju

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Abstract : Flyash is a waste produced from thermal power stations, which contributes to environmental pollution. It is waste materials that can be utilized in construction of roads and embankments. Disposal of a variety of wastes in an eco friendly way is the thrust area of today’s research. Randomly distributed fiber reinforced soils have recently attracted increasing attention in geotechnical engineering. These soils are prevalent as large tracts in many parts of the world. Many highway agencies, private organizations and researchers are doing extensive studies on waste materials and research projects concerning the feasibility and environmental suitability. It is necessary to utilize the waste affectively with technical development in each field. Attempts are made to investigate the stabilization process with laboratory model test tracks over expansive subgrade. Compaction, Shear and CBR tests were carried out in gravel/flyash materials with different reinforcement materials like waste plastics and waste tyre rubber with a view to obtain optimum percentage of reinforcement materials.
5-8
27

Title : Fabrication and Testing of an Solar Auto Service Station

Authors : P.Balashanmugam, G.Balasubramanian

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Abstract : Solar energy is rapidly gaining notoriety as an important means of expanding renewable energy resources. As such, it is vital that those in engineering fields understand the technologies associated with this area. My project will include the design and construction of a solar operated “SOLAR WATER SERVICING UNIT. This solar operated “Solar water servicing unit” is used to clean the light vehicles, especially two wheelers and delivers through a nozzle under high velocity. The air is compressed by a hand operated gate valve. The main components are water tank, nozzle, connecting tubes, one way valves and pneumatic air compressor. The solar panel is used to charge the battery and this charge is used to drive the D.C compressor to store the compressed air to the air tank.Solar tracking allows more energy to be produced because the solar array is able to remain aligned to the sun. This system builds upon topics learned in this course. A working system will ultimately be demonstrated to validate the design. Problems and possible improvements will also be presented.The pneumatic air is supplied to the portable service unit water tank by the compressor unit. The high pressure air is then delivered to the water tank through a hose. The water tank (25 liter) has a working capacity of 12 liter. The water tank is provided with a pressure gauge, safety valve, water inlet, and water outlet and air inlet. The pressure water in the tank is delivered through a nozzle at a high velocity. Solar panel has been used increasingly in recent years to convert solar energy to electrical energy. The solar panel can be used either as a stand-alone system or as a large solar system that is connected to the electricity grids. We are trying to consume more energy from the sun using solar panel. In order to maximize the conversion from solar to electrical energy, the solar panels have to be positioned perpendicular to the sun. Thus the tracking of the sun’s location and positioning of the solar panel are important. The goal of this project is to design an automatic tracking system, which can locate the position of the sun.
9-16
28

Title : Importance & Principle behind the Construction of Check Dam in Microwater-Shed Areas: A Critical Review

Authors : Anupam Kumar and Kumar Nikhil

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Abstract : Conservation of water and checking soil erosion is central to the attainment of economic as well as financial sustainability of dry land and agriculture. Integrated Watershed Development Programme, which is proposed by the Government of India, is a major policy instrument for achieving this goal. The importance of watershed development as a strategy of agricultural and overall rural development in rain-fed areas has been recognized in India for the past several decades, and in the recent years has grown exponentially. Recent check-dams constructed over the micro watersheds like the ones in Bidar, Ahmedabad, Latur, Guna, Tumkur, spanning throughout the length and breadth of the nation, and its successful implementation shows its universal applicability. However, it is to be kept in mind that the implementation of check dam construction in a micro watershed based ecology dates back to the establishment of four dry farming research stations at Rohtak, Sholapur, Hyderabad and Bellary in early 30s, which led to the advancement in the recent technological augmentation.
17-18
29

Title : Investigation of vibrational properties of apple, lemon and orange branches under dynamic loads

Authors : Amin Yazdanmanesh, Davood Kalantari

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Abstract : In the present research, investigation of vibrational properties of apple, orange and lemon tributaries is presented. Vibration of the samples were recorded by means of a digital video camera (Canon Sx 120IS) with 30 frames per second (fps). With reviewing the recorded frames in BsPlayer software, displacement of tip of the examined branches was measured and several vibrational characteristics were extracted or computed from the frames. Given the computed vibrational properties, a mathematical model is proposed for the free vibration of the apple, lemon and orange branches. Comparison between outputs of the model with the measurements indicates a good capability of the proposed model. The obtained results indicate that the orange branches have a significantly larger stiffness constant (k) and critical damping constant (cc) in compare to the apple and lemon branches.
19-22
30

Title : Colorimetric Determination of Indole using p-hydroxybenzaldehyde

Authors : Wafaa M. Yousef, Saad A.Al-Tamrah, Basmah H. Al-Shammari

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Abstract : Indoles are very important compounds and found in many alkaloids of physiological importance. They are also found in seeds and plants such as orange and lemon. Para-hydroxybenzaldehyde dehydrogenase is an enzyme found in carrots, it can be found in the orchid. Indole reacts with p-hydroxybenzaldehyde in the presence of concentrated hydrochloric acid to form an orange color complex which has a maximum absorbance at 475 nm. The parameters affecting this reaction were studied in order to find the suitable conditions for the reaction to complete. The effect of acid concentration, reaction temperature and the amount of the reagent on the determination of indole- p-hydroxybenzaldehyde complex were investigated. The system requirements and the best conditions for complete determination are sequently studied. At the optimal conditions, 0.02% w/v p-hydroxybenzaldehyde, 3MHCl at30oC, was used for the determination of indole. Calibration graph was over the range from 0.5-5.00 μg ml-1. The detection limit was 0.08 µg ml-1 and the correlation coefficient was 0.999. Linearity was obtained with slope equals 0.119 and the intercept equals zero.
23-26
31

Title : Simulation of NLMS Adaptive Filter for Noise Cancellation

Authors : Kumudini Sahu, Rahul Sinha

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Abstract : Adaptive noise Cancellation (ANC) is an alternative technique for estimation of noise & interference that corrupted the signal. The main objective of the noise cancellation is to estimate the noise signal and to subtract it from original input signal plus noise signal and hence to obtain the noise free signal. There is an alternative method called adaptive noise cancellation for estimating an input signal corrupted by an additive noise. The reference input is adaptively filtered and subtracted from the primary input signal to obtain the estimated signal. In this method the desired signal corrupted by an additive noise can be recovered by an adaptive noise canceller using NLMS (normalized least mean square) algorithm. Estimate the adaptive filter using MATLAB/SIMULINK environment. In the simulation, additive white Gaussian noise is added to the randomly generated information signal and efficiently reduced this noise with minimum or no error by using evolutionary computation with NLMS (normalized least mean square) algorithm.
27-29
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Title : Students perception towards social media with special reference to Management Students of Bhopal Madhya Pradesh

Authors : Bhuvanesh Kumar Sharma, Manish Jain, Deepak Tiwari

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Abstract :

Social media provides a digital platform for people across the world. It creates awareness amongst people to participate and share information online. This is because of globalization and advancement of digital technology. India is experiencing changes in society by social media technology. The growth of social media is changing behaviors, perceptions, and attitudes of people and growth of online social technologies induce audiences to become digital friendly; changing user behavior from passive to active, non-participatory to participation, and enabling users that was otherwise unknown or untapped. Therefore social media effect almost everyone in the universe whether individuals, businesses, and society and also provide an equal opportunity to share thoughts, opinions, and share information. It helps in empowering people in society to spread a point of view on social causes and change, participation in digital activisms, and support and information sharing in crisis situations. Cultural adoption and availability/understanding of technology prove to be an obstacle for many in underdeveloped areas of India. Now a day’s accessing of social networking sites is a Global phenomena. Most of developing countries like; in India people are more frequently using the social sites. Accessing of social sites is not only limited just for fun, there are so many purpose people serve while using these sites. This research paper attempt to identify the various purpose of using social networking sites. This paper also examines the effectiveness of social sites for social development of people. Present study is descriptive in nature. Primary data is used as data collection method which is collected by formulating a close ended questionnaire which consists of 14 statements. 100 respondents have been surveyed which was collected from Bhopal regions. For the testing of hypothesis manual Chi square test used. The study concludes that gender doesn’t have significant effect on the frequency of using social sites. Majority of respondents were agree that usage of social sites is not just limited to chatting with friends but also use for Business networking, Jobs and entertainment purpose. The study also conclude that these sites develop the social stability in people however respondents think that sharing personal information is risky on social networking sites.

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Title : Survey on implementation of EMV across the world

Authors : Ram prakash sharma, Prabhat Dansena, Prasun Chandra tripathi, Kshitij Tayal

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Abstract : EMV is the technical standard that ensures chip-based payment cards and terminals are compatible around the world. The term refers to Euro pay, MasterCard and Visa, the three companies that originally developed the specifications in1994. Today the EMV standard is managed by EMVCo, LLC, which is equally owned by American Express, JCB, MasterCard and Visa. Detailed information about EMV a chip-based payment transaction occurs when a microprocessor, generally embedded in a plastic card or a personal device such as a mobile phone, connects to an EMV-enabled POS (contact or contactless). The smart chip securely stores information about the payments application and performs cryptographic processing. This provides an additional form of card authentication, validating the legitimacy of the payment type being used.
52-55
34

Title : Electrical Transport and Magnetoresistance of Doped Polypyrrole

Authors : Tarek Fahmy, Moustafa T. Ahmed

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Abstract : Different doped samples of conducting polypyrrole (PPy) are prepared electrochemically at different current densities. The electrical transport of conducting polypyrrole is investigated in a wide range of temperature starting from 4.2 K to 300 K. It is observed that, for samples prepared at high current densities, the electrical conduction is dominated mainly by the mechanism based on variable range hopping in a wide temperature range. On the other hand, the magnetoresistance of polypyrrole is investigated in the temperature range from 1.2 K to 4.2 K and magnetic field from H=0 T to H= 10.3 T. It is observed that, PPy sample is characterized by large positive magnetoresistance. This obtained large positive magnetoresistance in the insulating regime is typically expected for VRH conduction.
56-61
35

Title : Efficient reduction of leakage power in low power VLSI circuits using Sleepy Keeper Approach

Authors : Monisha.S, Priya.M, A. Upendra Raju, Uma.V

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Abstract : Voltage Scaling in CMOS circuits will reduce the threshold voltage, however there is an increase in the sub threshold leakage current and hence static power dissipation. This increase in leakage power dissipation is a concern in VLSI design even for the most recent CMOS feature sizes. To reduce this power dissipation an approach called sleepy keeper is used for CMOS circuits. This approach uses two additional transistors along with the traditional sleep transistors. These additional transistors help to save a logic state during the sleep mode.
62-65
36

Title : Impact of Merchandising on Customer satisfaction and thereby on Retailers sale - A study in selected Malls of Jabalpur and Gwalior city

Authors : Deepak Tiwari, Dr. Supriti Dubey, Dr. P.K.Chopra, Mansi Jain

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Abstract :

Product’s merchandising at the store is an important facet as it not only affects the Retailers’ sale but also the customer satisfaction. As it is quite evident that the products displayed by the manufacturers through advertisement or by the stores itself in the display area catches more eyeballs amongst the shoppers and when they find it available at the time of purchases, they make happy purchases and thus this increases the satisfaction which furthermore, results in good sale. Inappropriate display of product causes a negative impact on retailer’s sale, also creates severe dissatisfaction in customer while going for shopping. The study evaluated the role of merchandising in escalating the customer’s footfalls & satisfaction and thereby on Retailer’s sale. A descriptive survey design was adopted for the study and for this a self designed questionnaire was used to collect the primary insight from the sample of 200 respondents including retailer and shopper of both the cities. In that on street questionnaire, the retailers and consumers were asked for their opinion about Stores’ merchandising. The collected data were then analyzed through Pearson’s correlation and the Independent t- test to test the hypothesis. For the present study the researchers find that the majority of retail stores understands the importance of merchandising and consider it important for customer’s satisfaction and their margin.

1-5
37

Title : Fourth ABC Index and Fifth GA Index of Certain Special Molecular Graphs

Authors : Yun Gao, Li Liang, Wei Gao

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Abstract : Several chemical indices have been introduced in theoretical chemistry to measure the properties of molecular structures, such as atom bond connectivity index and geometric-arithmetic index. In this paper, we present the fourth atom bond connectivity index and fifth geometric-arithmetic index of fan molecular graph, wheel molecular graph, gear fan molecular graph, gear wheel molecular graph, and their r-corona molecular graphs.
6-12
38

Title : A multi attribute decision making method based on inclusion measure for interval neutrosophic sets

Authors : Ridvan Sahin, Mesut Karabacak

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Abstract :

In this paper, we introduce an inclusion measure for interval neutrosophic sets, which is one of information measures of interval neutrosophic theory. For this purpose, we first give a system of axioms for inclusion measure of interval neutrosophic sets. Using the concept of distance measure, we develop a simple inclusion measure for ranking the interval neutrosophic sets. Finally, a multi attribute decision making problem is presented to show effectiveness of proposed inclusion measure, and results obtained are discussed. Though having a simple measure for calculation, the inclusion measure presents a new approach for handling the interval neutrosophic information.

13-15
39

Title : Preparation of Magnetite Nanoparticles Filters for the Removal of Benzene from Drinking Water

Authors : S. Al-Tamrah, M. A. Abdalla and M. S. Mushab

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Abstract : A simple method was described for the synthesis of magnetite nanoparticles by mixing and sterring two equivalents of iron(II) chloride tetrahydrate with three equivalent of iron(III) chloride hexahydrate in the presence of ammonium hydroxide. The precipitated magnetite nanoparticles were washed with 5% NH4OH. The nanoparticles formed were characterized by IR, SEM and X-ray diffraction and then applied for the removal of benzene from water samples.
16-23
40

Title : Wavelet Based on Satellite Image Resolution Enhancement

Authors : Aparna Gupta, Sonika Arora

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Abstract : Satellite images are being used in many fields of research. Satellite images are being used in many applications like Meteorology, Agriculture, Geology, Forestry, Landscape, Biodiversity, Planning, Instruction, Area and oceanography. The Image Enhancement is the main technique for improving the resolution and visual appearance of the image. One of the major issues in Image Enhancement is Wavelet Transform. The Wavelet Transform is the technique which decomposes an image into a set of basic functions called Wavelets. A new satellite image resolution enhancement technique based on the interpolation of the high-frequency sub-band images obtained by discrete wavelet transform (DWT) and the input image. DWT is applied in order to decompose an input image into dissimilar sub-bands. Then the high frequency sub-bands as well as the input image are interpolated. All these sub-bands are combined to generate a new high resolution image by using inverse DWT (IDWT). The quantitative peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) and root mean square error (RMSE) and visual results show the superiority of the proposed technique over the conventional bicubic interpolation, wavelet zero padding and state-of-art image resolution enhancement techniques.
24-26
41

Title : A Survey: Face Recognition by Sparse Representation

Authors : Jyoti Reddy, Rajesh Kumar Gupta, Dr. Mohan Awasthy

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Abstract : Face recognition is very helpful in many applications such as video surveillance, forensic applications criminal investigations, and in many other fields. The most common methods includes PCA approach based Eigenface, Linear Discriminant Analysis(LDA), Hidden Markov Model(HMM),DWT, geometry based and template matching approaches.In this paper we are using sparse representation approach to attain more robustness to variation in lighting, directions and expressions. This survey paper performs analysis on different approaches and factors affecting the face recognition.
27-29
42

Title : An Evolution of Android Operating System and Its Version

Authors : K.Chinetha, J.Daphney Joann, A.Shalini

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Abstract : Android operating system is one of the most widely used operating system based on the Linux kernel and currently developed by Google. Android is a software bunch comprising not only operating system but also middleware and key applications. Android Operating System is mainly divided into four main layers: the kernel, libraries, application framework and applications. Android is designed primarily for 9 touch screen mobile devices such as smart phones and tablet computers, with specialized user interfaces for televisions (Android TV), cars (Android Auto), and wrist watches (Android Wear). The OS uses touch inputs that loosely correspond to real-world actions, like swiping, tapping, pinching, and reverse pinching to manipulate on-screen objects, and a virtual keyboard. Despite being primarily designed for touchscreen input, it also has been used in game consoles, digital cameras, regular PCs and other electronics. In this paper different features of architecture and versions of Android OS are discussed.
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43

Title : Survey on Classification of Brain Tumor using Wavelet Transform and PNN

Authors : Ankit Kashyap, Dr.Amit Agrawal

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Abstract : This paper presents, a new method for Brain Tumor Classification using Probabilistic Neural Network with Discrete Wavelet Transformation is proposed. Human inspection was the conventional method available for computerized tomography, magnetic resonance brain images classification and tumor detection. The classification methods that are operator assisted are impractical incase of large amount of data that are also non reproducible. Operator performance leads to serious inaccuracies in classification by producing noise in Computerized Tomography and Magnetic Resonance images. Neural Network techniques has shown great potential in the field of medical diagnosis. Hence, in this paper the Probabilistic Neural Network with Discrete Wavelet Transform was applied for classification of brain tumors. Classification was performed in two steps, i) Dimensionality reduction and Feature extraction using the Discrete Wavelet Transform and ii) classification using Probabilistic Neural Network (PNN). Evaluation was performed on image data base of Brain Tumor images. The proposed method gives better accuracy when compared to previous methods of classification.
34-36
44

Title : An Empirical Analysis of XML parsing using various operating systems

Authors : Amitesh Saxena, Dr. Snehlata Kothari

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Abstract : As the use of internet technologies are widely increasing, the XML markup language attains a remarkable importance due to its language neutrality and independency in using data exchange and data transfer through web environment mechanism. For improving the processing performance of XML parser, it is necessary to find out a mechanism, in which we get minimum processing time while parsing of XML documents. In this paper, XML documents are being experimentally tested using various operating systems to determine, whether an operating system effect the processing time of XML parsing.
37-40
45

Title : Invariant Moments Approach for Gujarati Numerals

Authors : Dr. Mamta Baheti

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Abstract : Due to less reported work for Gujarati numerals we have been motivated for same as Gujarati is a language not only of Indian states but widely spoken across world. We have. We have used noisy numerals for training and testing. Images are pre-processed and then subjected to the proposed algorithm. in our proposed algorithm we have used invariant moments as feature extraction technique and Gaussian distribution function as classifier. We found satisfactory results for some numerals. The results can be improved by giving better quality images for training and testing.
41-44
46

Title : Multicriterial forest fire risk assessment applicable in Central Europe Case Study

Authors : Andrea Majlingova

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Abstract :

This paper presents results of fire risk assessment for the area of Slovenska Lupca forest management unit, situated in the center of Slovak republic. The fire risk is expressed in terms of one of the risk components - the susceptibility to fire. To assess it, there were performed multicriterial analysis, taking into consideration two basic groups of factors – natural and social. The analysis of fire risk, susceptibility to fire respectively, was automated via its processing in decision making model built in NetWeaver environment. Linking the NetWeaver environment with Ecosystem management decision support system (EMDS), there was obtained the spatial visualisation of assessment results. From the results obtained follows that in case of the Slovenska Lupca forest management unit the majority of the area belongs to the medium high degree of susceptibility to fire (60 %) and almost 40 % of the area belongs even to the high degree of susceptibility to fire.

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Title : Floods in Mahanadi River, Odisha, India: Its Causes and Management

Authors : Devananda Beura

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Abstract : All the major rivers of Odisha after attaining their old stage in the coastal plain fall into the Bay of Bengal. Most often the rivers including the biggest river Mahanadi brings flood calamity in the region. The coastal districts of Odisha particularly the Mahanadi Delta region has been victimised in the flood in terms of loss of lives of human being and domestic animals, damage of house properties, roads and bridges, crops etc. The article discusses the causes of the floods and management practices for controlling them.
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48

Title : Analysis of DRA with Performance Evaluation for High Speed System Applications Using Partial Differential Equation based Framework

Authors : Dr. S. V. A. V. Prasad, Anshu Thakur

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Abstract : A novel efficient design analysis has been proposed for a reduced-size dielectric resonator antenna (DRA) using perturbed system of partial differential equations. This has been done by using half-volume resonator with short-circuited plane of symmetry. The design serves as a new configuration of planar antenna, thus making integration of active devices easier. The antenna shows remarkable performance, having low cross-polarization levels and reasonably well radiation patterns. The antenna design has been simulated using a new analytical framework created in MATLAB giving accurate measurement details.
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49

Title : Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Adsorption of Alizarin Yellow from Aqueous Solutions on Saccharum spontaneum

Authors : A. Lakshmi narayanan, Dr. M.Dhamodaran, Dr.J.Samu Solomon

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Abstract : Saccharum spontaneum is used for the removal of the industrial dye (alizarin yellow R)from aqueous solution. The effects of contact time ,temperatures , initial concentrations and pH values have been investigated . Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms are fitted on the experimental data of adsorption of the studied system. Depending on the results obtained from the effect of temperatures , the thermodynamic parameters (ΔG°, ΔH° and ΔS°) are estimated. The work also included kinetic study conducted by applying two kinetic models, the pseudo first and second order equations . The results proved that, the studied system follows the pseudo second order model indicated by the agreement between the experimental and calculated values of adsorption capacity (qe) at equilibrium .The concentration of the adsorbed dye is determined spectrophotometerically.
63-69
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Title : Growth and Optical Properties of Pure and Calcium doped Cadmium Tartrate Crystals by Silica Gel Method

Authors : N. S. Patil, S.K.Bachhav, M.S.Kale, D.S.Bhavsar

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Abstract : In the present course of investigation, pure and calcium doped cadmium tartrate crystals were grown in silica gel at room temperature. The optimum conditions were obtained by varying various parameters such as pH of gel, concentration of gel, gel setting time, concentration of reactants etc. Crystals having different morphologies were obtained such as whitish semitransparent, star shaped, needle shaped crystals. Especially, effect of doping of calcium into cadmium tartrate has been studied with respect of size and transparency. It is found that doping enhances the size and transparency of the crystals. As grown crystals was characterized using scanning electronic microscope (SEM), UV, Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDAX).
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Title : Survey On Acoustic Echo Cancellation Based On Adaptive Filter

Authors : Kusum Sahu, Rahul Sinha

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Abstract : In digital signal processing an Adaptive filtering constitutes one of the core technologies and finds numerous application areas in science as well as in industry. In wide range of applications Adaptive filtering techniques are used, including echo cancellation, adaptive equalization, and adaptive noise cancellation. An adaptive filter is a system with a linear filter that has a transfer function controlled by variable parameters and a means to adjust those parameters according to an optimization algorithm. Echo is the reflected copy of the voice heard some time later and delayed version of the original.In telecommunication system Acoustic Echo cancellation are used. When interference of the signal occurred by Acoustic Echo, then it discomposes to the user and thus the quality of communication is reduces. Echo cancellers are very successful and today almost no echo at all can be perceived while using telephones. In this paper RLS algorithm was implemented for the echo cancellation.By using this algorithm MSE (mean square error) can be reduced, convergence rate can be improved and thus increasing the communication quality.
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Title : Mathematical analysis of a new sensitive-to-shock automotive crash sensor

Authors : Davood Kalantari, Mohsen Mahdiani

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Abstract : In this study, mathematical analysis of a simple and new mechanical sensitive-to-shock automotive crash sensor is presented. The system includes a cantilever beam with a current-carrying wire. Due to the high acceleration generated in a crash, the beam breaks and cut the electrical circuit off. With cutting off the electricity, secondary activations can occur, including activation of the air bag system, unlocking doors and disabling the alarm system. The proposed system is lightweight, low-cost and seems to have acceptable accuracy. Analysis is based on the mathematical equations particularly the Laplace transform method. The results showed that if a hard plastic cantilever beam with height of 8 cm and cross-sectional area of 3×0.3 cm2 is selected, the system will work well in accidents with speed greater than 40 km/hr.
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Title : Internet of Things and its enhanced data security

Authors : Arpit Kumar Srivastava, Apoorv Agarwal, Abhinav Mathur

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Abstract : The Internet of Things (IoT), an emerging global Internet-based technical architecture facilitating the exchange of information, goods and services in the internet world has an impact on the security and privacy of the involved stakeholders. Measures ensuring the architecture’s resilience to attacks, data authentication, and access control and client privacy need to be established. This paper includes a survey of IoT and various security issues related to it. Furthermore, out of all security issues, concern over data authentication and transfer is taken into consideration. Here we will discuss the idea for two levels of security in form of two different approaches i.e. Advance Encryption Standards (AES) and the Steganography approach via an image and the simulating of these two logics in the MATLAB.
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54

Title : Statistical Method for Analysis of Responses in Control Critical Trials with Three Outcomes

Authors : Oyeka I. C. A. and Nwankwo Chike H.

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Abstract : This paper proposes a statistical method for the analysis of multiple responses or outcome data in case control studies including situations in which the observations are either continuous or frequency data. Test statistics are proposed for assessing the statistical significance of differences between case-control response score. The proposed methods are illustrated with some sample data. When there only three possible response options in which the proposed method and the Stuart- Maxwell test can be equally used to analyse the data, the proposed test statistic is show to be at least as powerful as the Stuart-Maxwell test statistic.
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Title : Study of Large Geomagnetic Storms (GMSs) and Space Weather Impacts

Authors : Dr. Rahul Shrivastava and Dr. Subhas Chand Dubey

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Abstract : Aim of this statistical is to define the various characteristics of large geomagnetic storms (GMSs) associated with Dst decreases of more than 100 nT, observed during solar cycle 23. Out of the selected 90 large GMSs, 51 are sudden commencement type and rest 39 is gradual commencement type Long-term and storm time variation as well as seasonal and solar cycle dependence of above mentioned GMSs have been analysed. The study of solar cycle 23 is remarkable for occurrence of large GMSs during its declining phase. Various types of geomagnetic disturbances and their possible solar and interplanetary causes are explained in this work that provides a better aspect to understand the space-weather phenomenon. Several solar-terrestrial inter-connection mechanism and new results have been discussed in the present study. The severe GMSs have also been discussed that are very harmful to us, and they affect our communication system, power system.
1-5
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Title : High Impedance Fault Detection in Electrical Power Feeder by Wavelet and GNN

Authors : Majid Jamil, Rajveer Singh and S. K. Sharma

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Abstract : The distribution feeder faults need to be detected and isolated in a reliable and accurate manner, for maintaining the efficient and reliable operation of distribution electrical power systems. A number of techniques are available for detecting and classifying the fault. However, the results are not satisfactory in case of high impedance fault (HIF) occurs on distribution feeder due to very low value of fault current. Keeping in view of aforesaid situation, a new approach based on generalized neural network (GNN) and wavelet transform is presented here for HIF detection. Wavelet transform is used to obtained the information from the measured faulty current in terms of standard deviation of wavelet coefficients. The obtained features are then used as an input to the GNN model for the detection of HIF on a given distribution feeder. The values obtained from GNN algorithm are compared with ANN and well established mathematical models and are found more accurate. All the calculations are done in Simulink/MATLAB.
6-11
57

Title : Investigation of the use of High Pressure Water for Spun-Like Textured Yarn Manufacturing

Authors : Wickramasinghe G.L.D., Foster P.W.

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Abstract : The objective of this research work was to investigate the use of water in order to replace air in the production of spun-like textured yarn. An existing air-jet texturing machine was modified to supply either air or water to the texturing nozzle. A new texturing-jet was designed and developed to produce spun-like textured yarn using water. The texturing jet was further improved by incorporating capillary effect to suck air with water into the texturing zone to improve turbulence in the jet. The results show that water can be used to manufacture spun-like textured yarns.
12-15
58

Title : Detection of SQL Injection and XSS Vulnerability in Web Application

Authors : Priti Singh, Kirthika Thevar, Pooja Shetty, Bushra Shaikh

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Abstract : The increasing dependence on web applications has made them a natural target for attackers. Among these attacks SQL Injection Attacks (SQLIA) and Cross-Site Scripting attacks are the most prevalent. Our SQL Injection detection method is based on the design of a detection tool for the HTTP request send by clients or users and look for attack signatures. The proposed filter is generic in the sense that it can be used with any web application. Finally we test our proposed security mechanism using the vulnerability scanner developed by us as well as other well-known scanners. Our approach for Cross-Site Scripting detection method describes the possibilities to filter JavaScript in Web applications in server side protection. Server side solution effectively protects against information leakage from the user’s environment. Cross-Site scripting attacks are easy to execute, but difficult to detect and prevent.[1]
16-21
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Title : Design of Reverse Converter Using Parallel Prefix Adders and CRT

Authors : J.Brindha Devi, G. Rohinipriya

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Abstract : The efficient design of Residue Number System (RNS) reverse converter based on Parallel Prefix Adder and Chinese Remainder Theorem is analyzed. In nowadays system, to achieve high speed reverse converter by the use of parallel prefix adder. And also the parallel prefix based adder components is used to solve the high power consumption problem and provide better tradeoff between power consumption and delay. The parallel prefix adder structure can implement by interconnecting only small number of different modules.
22-24
60

Title : Band gap of graphene nanoribbons calculated using Huckel molecular orbital theory

Authors : Peiyun Ni

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Abstract : In this paper, a new model based on Huckel molecular orbital theory is developed and used to calculate the band gap of graphene nanoribbons, which are stripes of etched graphene. Band gaps of graphene nanoribbons with different edge structures and widths are calculated to reveal physical properties. The proposed model well captures the band gap characteristics of graphene nanoribbons without intensive calculations. The understanding of the band gap properties of grapheme nanoribbons allows for various electronic and photonic applications.
25-27
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Title : Evaluation of River Health and Water Quantity at the Anseong River, Changwon City, Korea

Authors : Man Kyu Huh

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Abstract : The paper aims to analyse the degree of river naturality according to the river morphology and the flora at raparian regions on the Anseong River during four seasons. Number of flexion was one at upper and low regions. That of middle region was absent. Bed materials were boulders and gravel in upper region and sand, silt, and clay in middle and low regions. Material of river shore at low channel width was the state of nature without protecting materials at upper region, but that was concreted impervious. Those of middle and upper regions were many artificial levees. The flora on the Anseong River was a total of 61 taxa, including 25 families, 54 species, and 7 varieties. The oxygen demand parameters COD, and BOD were within unacceptable levels at middle and low regions. Many cement blocks were creating instead river grasslands by the Direct stream Rivers Project and wide road construction. This artificial action reduced the waters natural filtration action.
28-33
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Title : Monitoring Civil Structures with a Smart Wireless Sensor Network

Authors : Snehal S. Somwanshi, Balaji G. Gawalwad

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Abstract : A wireless sensor network was developed for structural health monitoring to effectively detect, locate, and assess damage produced by severe loading events and by progressive environmental deterioration. Structural response reflects the structural condition as well as the excitation force. Structural health monitoring (SHM) is an active area of research devoted to systems that can autonomously and proactively assess the structural integrity of bridges, buildings, and aerospace vehicles. Recent technological advances promise the eventual ability to cover a large civil structure with low-cost wireless sensors that can continuously monitor a building’s structural health. The idea struck into mind that a SHM system should be implemented so that it can monitor structure (two story building) using different surface mounting sensors, these systems can collect various parameters of the structure. The rapid development of wireless sensor network (WSN) technology provides us a novel approach to real-time data acquisition, transmission and processing.This study introduces different approaches of SHM to monitor and measure the acceleration, strain, humidity and temperature of the building.
34-39
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Title : Optimization of Flame Hardening Process Parameters Using L9 Orthogonal Array of Taguchi Approach

Authors : S. Jeyaraj, K.P.Arulshri, K. P. Harshavardhan, P.S.Sivasakthivel

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Abstract : Flame hardening is a surface heat treatment process with the application of hot flames obtained from an oxy acetylene gas mixture. About 3000ºC temperature level of gas flame is exposed to work piece material, and bring it out into red hot stage or recrystallization temperature and suddenly quenched by water immediately. Due to these drastic micro structural changes, leads the increase of surface micro hardness. It is mainly influenced by surface temperature, stand-off distance and quenching time. This research article aims with studying the influences of process parameters of flame hardening process by the robust design method. The medium carbon steel specimens were hardened by flame hardening process by adjusting the process parameters. The primary process parameters such as surface temperature of specimen, stand-off distance (SOD) and quenching time were the primary process parameters were investigated experimentally by Taguchi`s approach. L9 orthogonal array was implemented for design of experimental trials based on parameters and its levels. Micro-hardness values of specimens were examined using Vickers micro-hardness tester with the payload of 100g. Optimization model has been developed for micro hardness on the basis of experimental results. The effects of process parameters were analysed by S/N ratio and ranked by order. The optimal parameters were obtained from the S/N ratio analysis has been authorized by confirmatory tests. It was found the greater micro hardness value 801 HV was obtained by the optimal parameters given by taguchi optimization. Such approach is economic one, reduction of experimental trails which will be very suitable for the heat treatment industries.
40-44
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Title : Detection of Sickle Cell Anemia in Red Blood Cell: A Review

Authors : Menika Sahu, Amit Kumar Biswas, K. Uma

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Abstract : Blood is a connective tissue in which Red blood cells function to transport oxygen and it is normally in disk shape. The inherited disorder of blood includes hemoglobinopathies which are major public health problem in India. Sickle cell disease refers to a group of genetic disorders characterized by presence of sickle hemoglobin, anemia, acute and chronic tissue injury to blockage of blood flow by abnormally shaped red cell. Sickle cell disease is Sickle cell anemia. It is a disorder in which the body makes sickle-shaped red blood cells. “Sickle-shaped means the red blood cells are crescent shaped. Sickle cell anemia is also a serious disorder problem in chhattisgarh state. It is highly prevalent among scheduled caste, scheduled tribe and other back-word class. In Chhattisgarh the highest percentage of sickle cell diseases found in Sahu, Mahar, Gond, Devangan, Kurmi and Halba etc. This paper proposed a method to recognize the sickle shaped red blood cells present in the blood smear by using fractal dimension. Fractal Dimension is used to recognize the shape of the red blood cells and segmentation the sickle shaped red blood cells for shape analysis to find the percentage of sickle cell anemia. Results exhibit the future aspect of the technique, which overcome traditional shape recognition and analysis methods found in various literatures.
45-48
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Title : A Study on Retrieval of Information through Social Sites

Authors : Ashish Shah, Dr. A. S. Khandelwal

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Abstract : Online social networking sites have become one of the greatest social technological advancement of the 21st century. However, most users of such Social Networking Sites are unaware of the privacy issues related to their profile. By placing personal information on the site, users make themselves available to online traders for selling of their personal information to third parties and in some instances, websites owning everything, an individuals places on their profile page or friends page, including photos. The problem is intensified because of the fact that communicating online via social networking sites has become not only popular but fashionable and also a necessity for the youth in order to maintain their online social connection among friends. Because of this, young people are especially at risk of exposing themselves when sites are joined without any thought as to what may happen to personal information, photos and video. This paper looks to privacy issues of online social networking sites from around the world such as Myspace, Facebook as social site.
49-51
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Title : Workplace Collaboration Using Remote Desktop

Authors : Divyashree Salian, Swati Savaji, Payal Shetty, Ujwala Ravale

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Abstract : WORKPLACE COLLABORATION USING REMOTE DESKTOP refers to a software or Operating System feature that allows a PCs desktop environment (client) to be run remotely by another system (server). It is a set of platform for the project leaders and administrator to monitor the activities performed by their team in real time (live) and sends messages to keep constant interaction with the programmers. We aim to provide multiple features through a single platform. It helps to maintain the attendance record in an organization, provides a feature of monitoring all the live activities performed by the employee in real time and block the users from doing any inappropriate or unofficial task during their work hours and to provide communication between the employee within an organization through video chatting and text chatting features along with the file transfer activity as well .This facilitates the user to concentrate more on the project and less on the managing of these tasks. In particular, showing live actions on the Administrators desktop of a remote employee has great instructional value that must not be overlooked. Similarly, an employee can demonstrate skills and report about the status of the project from time to time that would otherwise need a physical presence in a meeting, rather than a virtual one.
52-55
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Title : A Study on Friends Model of a Computer Worm Defense System

Authors : Rashid Husain, Mansir Abubakar

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Abstract : This paper addresses the problem of computer worms in the modern Internet. A worm is a self-propagating computer program that is being increasingly and widely used to attack the Internet. This research paper develops a friend model of a computer worm and discusses in length the aspects involved in defending the Internet against a worm. Of primary interest are models that can automatically respond to a worm outbreak. It discusses the results of real time experiments conducted on the campus gateway for the Trend Center effort and the results of simulations of the mitigation models. It concludes that worms are dangerous to the Internet but there are ways and means to mitigate their ill-effects.
56-59
68

Title : Multiobjective Non-Differentiable Fractional Symmetric Mixed Duality using p-F convexity

Authors : Gayatri Devi, Rashmita Jena

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Abstract : Mixed symmetric dual models far nondifferentiable multiobjective fractional programmeing problem are introduced. Weak and strong duality theorems are established far these models under generalized convexity. Several special cases are also obtained.
60-62
69

Title : A Multi-Substance Add-in for the Analyses of Thermo-fluid Systems using Microsoft Excel

Authors : Mohamed M. El-Awad

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Abstract : Analyses of thermo-fluid systems require the thermo-physical properties of the working fluids to be repetitively determined at different conditions of pressure and or temperature. However, relevant computer applications may not be available to many engineering students and practicing engineers particularly in developing countries. This paper presents an add-in that determines these properties for various fluids by using Microsoft Excel. Developed with Microsoft VBA, the add-in provides property functions for ideal gases, saturated and superheated water, saturated and superheated refrigerants for vapour-compression (VC) systems, binary solutions of ammonia-water and water-lithium bromide for vapour-absorption (VA) refrigeration systems, reacting mixtures, and atmospheric air. With its comprehensive library of functions, the add-in enables Microsoft Excel to be used as a modelling platform for conducting parametric and optimisation analyses of advanced power generation and refrigeration cycles, air-conditioning systems, and combustion processes. The present paper highlights the general features of the add-in before focussing on the set of functions that deal with the analyses of VC and VA refrigeration cycles. For the analyses of VC systems, the add-in currently supports ten synthetic and natural refrigerants (R12, R22, R32, R123, R134a, R152a, R717, R290, R600, R600a). The paper verifies the add-in functions for VC analyses by comparing its results with those obtained from relevant published research that used the well recognised REFPROP software. Similarly, the paper verifies the add-in functions for both ammonia-water and water-lithium bromide VA systems. The results obtained for both VC and VA cycles show that the add-in gives reasonably accurate estimations.
63-69
70

Title : Homotopy Analysis to Heat and Mass Transfer of MHD Flow of a Viscous Fluid over a Moving Vertical Plate in a Porous Medium with Viscous Dissipation

Authors : V.Mallipriya, Hymavathi T

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Abstract : The present paper deals with the MHD boundary layer flow over a linearly moving porous semi infinite vertical plate taking suction and viscous dissipation into account. The fluid considered is viscous, incompressible and electrically conducting. After transferring the governing equations into ordinary differential equations using suitable dimensionless variables, analytical solutions are generated using homotopy analysis method (HAM). The effects of various parameters on dimensionless velocity, temperature and concentration profiles are presented in the form of graphs and tables. HAM results are in good agreement with the results available in the literature.
70-78
71

Title : On Control of Data Flows in Heterogeneous Enterprise Systems

Authors : Dusan Pavliak, Robert Vrabel

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Abstract : The efficient data integration and the control of data flows leading to formation of coherent integrated database has become a complex problem. The information of the enterprise include the functions from processing of offers, orders via computer design and from production to production management. Finally, the processed data are archived.
79-80
72

Title : The effect of height in vaulted tunnels on the stability parameters

Authors : Hassan Ahmadi٫ Vahid Hosseinitoudeshki, Seyyed Amir Hossein Beheshti

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Abstract : This paper presents the effect of height of vaulted tunnels on the stability parameters such as surface settlement, displacement and yielded elements around tunnels. This effect has been investigated in tunnels with different upper arches. Numerical analysis is done by a 2D finite element program with software Phase2, whereby vaulted tunnels are modeled with different upper arches and with widths of 4, 6, 8 and 10 meters and the heights of 3, 5 and 7 meters. The results of the evaluations show that by decreasing the height of tunnels, the stability parameters have improved for all the radius of tunnel arch. Furthermore, variations of the surface settlement, displacement and yielded elements around tunnels has reduced when width of tunnel become larger from radius of tunnel arch.
81-82
73

Title : Experimental Analysis of Solar Operated Thermo-Electric Heating and Cooling System

Authors : Mr. Swapnil B. Patond, Prof. V. G. Gore

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Abstract : The main objective of our project is to design & make analysis of a Heating & Cooling system which utilizes non-conventional energy source (i.e. Solar Energy) with the help of Thermoelectric Module which works on the principle of the Peltier effect. This will be a suitable & affordable system for the people living in remote part of India where load-shading is a major problem. The major difference between the existing system & our system is that, our project works without use of mechanical device & without refrigerant too. As the module is compact in size one can design (i.e. shape, capacity) the system according to his requirement.
82-86
74

Title : Green Manufacturing: Case Study using AHP and Grey Relation

Authors : Abhishek Kumar Singh, Shubhanshu Shekhar Shukla, Jaideep Dutta

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Abstract : Green manufacturing is cooperative manufacturing based on various hierarchy resources. It’s important to get the optimum Cooperative enterprise scheme by analyzing, arranging and evaluating the manufacturing capabilities of Industries for Green manufacturing. The paper analyzes correlation between five industries in the context of green manufacturing, with the help of relation matrix which is based on grey relation theory and AHP method. The paper analyses the environmental actions according to Green product design, Green design of raw material, Green process, Green Technology, Green packaging Material and Green Packaging design.
83-86
75

Title : A Comprehensive Review of Dynamic Voltage Restorer

Authors : Juned Shaikh, Prabodhkumar Khamparia

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Abstract : Power quality is a major concern at the present time. Become important, especially with the introduction of advanced performance devices that are extremely sensitive to the quality of food. Power quality problem is the event that takes place before a non-standard voltage, current, or frequency, leading to end-use hardware failure. One of the main issues addressed here is sagging power. To resolve this issue, one must use custom power devices. One of these devices is the Dynamic Voltage Restorer (DVR), a modern custom power device used in the most efficient power distribution networks. Call has a lower cost, smaller size, rapid dynamic response and disorder. This paper examines a review of the DVR technology and the various applications that have been proposed in the literature.
87-90
76

Title : Comparative Study of Different Modes for Reducing Leakage and Dynamic Power through Layout Implementation

Authors : Smt. Sarita Chauhan, Anand Kumar Gupta, Falak Jahan, Rajesh Biyaniya, Surbhi Pathak

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Abstract : Leakage power has become a serious concern in nanometer CMOS technologies and is a very important issue in hardware and software design. The leakage power increases as technology is scaled down. However, with the continuous trend of technology scaling, it is becoming a main contributor to power consumption. In the past, the dynamic power has dominated the total power dissipation of CMOS devices. In advanced integrated circuits, more power is consumed. In the past many methods had been proposed for leakage power reduction like forced stack, sleepy stack, sleepy keeper, dual sleep approach etc. using techniques like transistor sizing, multi-Vth, dual-Vth, stacking transistors etc. In this paper, new methods have been proposed for that. The proposed methods will be compared with the previous existing leakage reduction techniques. This paper includes a new technique called dual stack for reducing leakage and dynamic power and comparison of this technique with old techniques.
91-96
77

Title : All-Solid-State PVC Membrane Fe (III) Selective Electrode based on 2-Hydroxymethyl-15-crown-5

Authors : Omer Isildak, Omer Durgun

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Abstract :

A novel potentiometric sensor based on ionophore (2-Hydroxymethyl-15-crown-5) for the determination of Fe3+ ions is developed. The Fe3+-selective membrane sensor demonstrates high sensitivity and short response time. The detection limit of the Fe3+-selective membrane sensor was about 1.2 ×10−6 mol L-1 and the response time was shorter than 8 s. The linear dynamic range of the Fe3+-selective membrane sensor was between 1.0 × 10−1 and 8.0 × 10−6 mol L-1 Fe3+ concentration. The Fe3+-selective membrane sensor exhibited good operational stability for at least two month keeping in dry conditions at 4–6 ◦C. It had a reproducible and stable response during continuous standard deviation of 0.34% (n = 30).

1-5
78

Title : Synthesis of High Molecular Weight Polystearylacrylate and Polystearylmethacrylate Polymers via ATRP Method as Thermal Energy Storage Materials

Authors : Derya Kahraman Doguscu, Cemil Alkan

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Abstract :

In this study, poly(stearyl acrylate) (PSA) and poly(stearyl methacrylate) (PSMA) homopolymers were produced via atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) method from stearyl acrylate (SA) and stearyl methacrylate (SMA) monomers. Fourier transform-infrared (FT-IR) and proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) spectroscopy techniques were used for structural characterization as thermal energy storage characteristics and thermal stability property were determined by using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) techniques respectively. The average onset phase transition temperatures of the PSA were measured as 48.1 and 43.5 °C as those of PSMA were measured as 30.8 and 23.5 °C respectively. The averages of latent heats of phase transitions were 100.2 and -81.5 J/g for PSA and 55.8 and -44.8 J/g for PSMA respectively. In addition, PSA and PSMA were found thermally durable up to considerably high temperatures compared to possible ambient temperatures. Molecular weight analysis measurements were performed using gel permeation chromatography (GPC) and number average molecular weights of synthesized polymers was found in the range of 58000-439000 g/mol. Based on the results, PSA and PSMA polymers are potential materials for thermal energy storage applications. 

6-11
79

Title : A Review: Increase in Performance of Vapour Compression Refrigeration System Using Fan

Authors : Shireesha Mary Ch, Nandini Ch, Divya Samala, Siva Kumar B, Parthasarathy Garre

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Abstract : Refrigeration is the process of removing heat from a closed body or space enclosed so that its temperature is first lowered and then maintained at a required level which is below the temperature of surroundings. There are many types in refrigeration cycle the vapour compression cycle is taken for the case study, because the vapour compression refrigeration system is by far the most popular and widely used system in refrigeration for both industrial and domestic applications. In vapour compression refrigeration system a refrigerant readily evaporates and condenses depending up on the pressure and temperature during the cycle, therefore, refrigerant undergoes a change of phase alternately between liquid and vapour phase without leaving the system. In this case several assumptions were made in order to analyze the system, like isentropic process at the compressor, a isenthalpic expansion in the throttling valve. It is found that this may have been because at higher fan speed, convection coefficient increased, increasing heat transfer in the evaporator and condenser with the surroundings, thus reducing the work of the compressor to the refrigerant. Vapor compression cycle was more efficient with fans of evaporator and condenser at highest speeds.
12-14
80

Title : Driving License Test Automation Using VB

Authors : Komal A. Margale, Priyanka M. Pawale, Amruta A. Patil, Jyoti Waykule

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Abstract : The System presented in this paper expedite the testing of candidates aspiring for a driving license in a more efficient and transparent manner, as compared to the present manual testing procedure existing in most parts of Asia and Pacific region. The manual test procedure is also subjected to multiple limitations like time consuming, costly and heavily controlled by the experience of examiner in conducting the test. This technological solution is developed by customizing 8051 controller based embedded system and VB based virtual instrument. The controller module senses the motion of the test vehicle on the test track referred to as zero rpm measurement. The proposed technological solution for the automation of existing manual test process enables the elimination of human intervention and improves the driving test accuracy while going paperless with Driving Skill Evaluation System. As a contribution to the society this technological solution can reduce the number of road accidents because most accidents results from lack of planning, anticipation and control which are highly dependent on driving skill.
15-18
81

Title : Work Force Diversity

Authors : Dr. Shine David, Devashish singh Jadoun, Mohit Singh pejwal, Himanshu Yadav, Mujjamil Ali

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Abstract :

Diversity management is process of creating and maintaining the workforce which is embalmed in the nutshell of sex, caste, religion, gender race etc. Diversity is today the main word behind the globalized era of creating a diversify culture blend in with organization culture for notable outcomes with talent management workforce diversity has faced various issues with rise in globalization thus giving organsation to adept from the roots diversity tools and techniques. It is based on a survey of 103 employees. The study derives conclusion that successfully confronting diversity management can lead to more dedicated, better satisfied, better performing employees and potentially better cost-effective performance for an organization. The researcher after examining the journals and various practical papers, concluded that workforce diversity is strength for any organization if managed properly, can increase the productivity.

19-22
82

Title : High efficiency multi-junction solar cell design

Authors : Amit Kumar Senapati, Manjit Bahadur Singh

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Abstract : Energy from the sun is the best option for electricity generation as it is abundantly available everywhere and sustainable source. Advance of Photovoltaic (PV) technology in recent years has made solar energy one of the practical alternative energy sources available in the energy market. In order to make the PV energy more affordable and cost effective, major focus of the research community and industry is improvement on power efficiency of PV systems. Early stage of solar panel manufacturing known as process technology plays a crucial role in achieving above limits. This paper presents a novel process technology for solar panel with 6 junctions.
23-27
83

Title : A Study of gender perception regarding Performance Management Systems in the organisations

Authors : Dr. Shine David, Yasha Bakshi, Poorva Mittal, Mohammad Fahad

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Abstract : This paper aims at studying the similarities or differences in gender perception on various parameters of performance appraisal system in their respective organisations. Data has been collected from 150 employees engaged in private sector with minimum 1 year of experience in a particular organisation. The respondents belong to different types of organisations ranging from IT, pharmaceutical, education, Textile etc. The result of the research suggests that the Gender perception varies largely due to failure of organisation to create a healthy culture to promote gender sensitization, and the Gender perception is quite similar due to transparent Performance Management System and Policy. The significant difference in Gender perception is in the area of development planning. The study found that this is due to lower attention paid in career planning of one of the gender. Besides this, gender perception varies in the areas of Job Analysis, Gender sensitization at work place and consulting employees in finalization of decision making process. Apart from these difference Gender perception was found to be similar in many areas such as satisfaction on goal setting, performance evaluation, 360 degree feedback, Training received, Reward and Incentives. This suggests that the organisational policies are fair and equitable. Also the perception is found to be similar in about the understanding of Performance Management System of the organisation, mentoring process in the organisation, the compensation given to the employees. These evidences regarding similarities and differences in the perception of employees regarding the system indicate that the organisations want to implement the fair and equitable Performance Management System but they fail to create an environment within their organisation that could encourage its employees to implement suitable Performance Management System.
28-32
84

Title : Integral solutions of the heptic equation with five unknowns

Authors : S.Vidhyalakshmi, A.Kavitha, M.A.Gopalan

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Abstract : The non-homogeneous Diophantine equation of degree seven with five variables represented by is analyzed for its non-zero distinct integer solutions. A few interesting relation between the solutions and special numbers namely Polygonal numbers, Pyramidal numbers, centered Polygonal numbers are exhibited.
33-35
85

Title : Some Characterized Projective δ-cover

Authors : R. S. Wadbude

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Abstract : In this paper we characterize some properties of projective δ-cover and find some new results with δ-supplemented module M. Let M be a fixed R-module. A δ-cover in M is an δ-small epimorphism from M onto P. These concept introduce by Zhou [14]. A δ-cover is projective δ-cover( M-projective δ-cover) in case M is projective.
36-38
86

Title : Doped InSb Detached Crystals by VDS Technique: Its Substrates for Infrared Devices and Physics Concept

Authors : Dattatray Gadkari

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Abstract : In this paper, the vertical directional solidification (VDS) detached crystal growth process in our laboratory in which a gap exists between a growing crystal and the ampoule wall is described. However, this phenomenon is more complex due to the hydrostatic pressure, and the existence of the buoyancy convections. Important characteristics of the detached growths are the self-stabilizing gas pressure difference and self-detachment crystal growth process into VDS on earth. The hydrostatic pressure decreases during the growth, the pressure at the bottom decreases such that the liquid meniscus remains unchanged all along the growth axis. Gap formation mechanism is not totally understood yet, but experimental observations can be seen that the gas passing upwards inside ampoules for grown ingots presence of the thin oxide layer. Detachment in VDS is self controlled and the self-applied pressure difference should be of the order of the hydrostatic pressure. In our references, characterization of high quality InSb and doped InSb substrates suitable for use in the infrared devices, and VDS technologies to deliver larger substrate is explained. Here, the physics behind detached growth and technology to develop the junction devices from these substrates is highlighted.
39-44
87

Title : Design, fabrication and testing of pyramidal horn antenna

Authors : G.Abhignya, B.Yogita, C.Abhinay, B.Balaji, MBR Murthy

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Abstract : Horn antennas are widely used in areas of wireless communications, electromagnetic sensing, nondestructive testing and evaluation, radio frequency heating and biomedicine. They are also widely used as high gain elements in phased arrays and as feed elements for reflectors and lens antennas in satellite, microwave and millimeter wave systems. Moreover, they serve as a universal standard for calibration and gain measurements of other antennas.An optimum pyramidal horn with gain 20dB and center frequency 9.5GHz is designed. Using the design values two horn antennas are fabricated using aluminum sheets of different thickness namely 1mm and 2mm. The performance parameters like gain, directivity, impedance and s parameters are evaluated. The results are discussed.
45-47
88

Title : Chemistry of Knowledge Elements: Elements of Knowledge as Elements In Nature

Authors : Syed V. Ahamed, Sonya M. Ahamed

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Abstract : In this paper, we propose that knowledge can be reduced to its elementary (elemental) size consisting of quantized noun objects, their quantized verb functions, and the incremental type the convolutions that bind such noun objects and verb functions. Though knowledge may not be quantized as matter can be quantized in quantum sciences, it is possible to fragment knowledge finely enough to ask three basic elements; who does what, what is being done, and how is what being done. Such a bundle that answers these three questions makes up one knowledge element. These elements of knowledge (kels) exhibit statistical properties and their dynamics are be based on the properties of a large variety of kels, their origin, their environment, the media, and their recipients. Further, we define the elementary particles as a kuantum of knowledge, even though a kuantum is not a quantum in the traditional sense. In maintaining a working relation with other sciences, we explore the flow of these kels. A quantum of knowledge (kel) is like a particle of matter or a pulse of energy. We present this concept to investigate if such kels will explain all the intricacies in the flow of knowledge in societies, cultures and groups. Even though a kel is not as defined precisely as quantum (an electron) in physics, but in the framework of theory presented here, the statistical properties of kels explains a statistical differences in the way in which noun objects communicate i.e., transmit and receive such kuanta and kels. This approach holds the maximum promise but the quantization of a kel to a workable size becomes unique and depends on the direction in which knowledge is being explored and/or constituted. The generic quantum of knowledge or kel still appears as a mystic entity, even though specific kuanta are feasible that the modern computers can tackle, build, process, constitute, reconstitute, reprocess to generate “artificial knowledge”. Such artificial knowledge is then verified, validated and accepted or challenged, disputed and rejected by AI routines and by natural intelligence of human beings to build large and realistic bodies of knowledge (bok’s) or knowledge centric objects (kco’s) of any size, shape or form .
48-54
89

Title : A Study on Hierarchical Model of a Computer Worm Defense System

Authors : Basheer Suleiman, Rashid Husain, Saifullahi Muhammad

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Abstract : This research addresses the problem of computer worms in the modern Internet. A worm is similar to a virus. A worm is a self-propagating computer program that is being increasingly and widely used to attack the Internet. It is considered as a sub-class of a virus because it is also capable of spreading from one computer to another. Worms are also computer programs that are capable of replicating copies of themselves via network connections. What makes it different however is that unlike a computer virus a computer worm can run itself without any human intervention? Because of these two qualities of a worm, it is possible that there will be thousands of worms in a computer even if only one computer worm is transferred. For instance, the worm may send a copy of itself to every person listed in the e-mail address book. The worm sent may then send a copy of itself to every person who is listed in the address book of the person who receives the email. Because this may go on ad infinitum worms can not only cause damage to a single computer and to other person’s computer but it can only affect the functionality of Web servers and network servers to the point that they can no longer function efficiently. One example is the .blaster worm.
55-59
90

Title : Resource-Based Analysis of E-Commerce Business Value

Authors : Dr.Shine David, Aditi Bansal, Kirti Singh, Swati Rajput

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Abstract : In this study, we developed a set of constructs to measure e-commerce capability in Internet savvy customers. Our study has two dimensions customer awareness and customer experience, which consist of factors such as information, transactions customization and supplier connection. This conceptual framework provides good theoretical platform for empirically grounded research on how customers perceive e-commerce trading. E-commerce is the pre-eminent buzzword of the online business revolution. Electronic commerce is the paper less exchange of business information using electronic data interchange (EDI).This study aims to understand how people view e-commerce as an emerging trend in lieu of their satisfaction and preferences with products, services, safety of personal data etc.
60-63
91

Title : Different Hybrid Neural Network in Inverse Design

Authors : K.Thinakaran, Dr.R.Rajasekar

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Abstract : Here, we investigate a different hybrid neural network method for the design of airfoil using inverse procedure. The aerodynamic force coefficients corresponding to series of airfoil are stored in a database along with the airfoil coordinates. A feedforward neural network is created with input as a aerodynamic coefficient and the output as the airfoil coordinates. In existing algorithm as an FNN training method has some limitation associated with local optimum and oscillation. The cost terms of the first algorithm are selected based on the activation functions of the hidden neurons and first order derivatives of the activation functions of the output neurons. The cost terms of the second algorithm are selected based on the first order derivatives of the activation functions of the hidden neurons and the activation functions of the output neurons. Results indicate that optimally trained artificial neural networks may accurately predict airfoil profile.
64-68
92

Title : A New Improvement of Conventional PI/PD Controllers for Load Frequency Control With Scaled Fuzzy Controller

Authors : Aqeel S. Jaber, A. Z. Ahmad

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Abstract : Load Frequency Control (LFC) is one of the important issues in power system operation. The main objective of LFC is to keep the frequency and tie-line power close to their nominal values in case of disturbances. In this paper, two methods based on parallel adaptive of a scaled fuzzy with conventional technique to control the frequency of a power system is proposed. A particle swarm optimization (PSO) method is used to optimize the scales of fuzzy-PI/PD and gains tuning of PI/PD controllers. Two equal interconnected power system areas are used as a test system. As the results, the simulation has shown the effectiveness of the proposed controller compared with different PID and scaled fuzzy controllers in terms of speed response and damping frequency.
69-74
93

Title : Wood Preservation: Improvement of Mechanical Properties by Vacuum Pressure Process

Authors : Md. Fazle Rabbi, Md. Mahmudul Islam, A.N.M. Mizanur Rahman

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Abstract : Wood, being a biological product, is liable to deterioration unless it is properly protected. The main reasons of deterioration of timber in service are decay due to fungal infection, attack by insects (borers and white ants), marine organisms and fire. Protection of wood is carried out from these agents by using preservative which can properly be used by proper design of preservation plant. Proper design of such plant is very essential to increase the lifespan of wood economically. Among the various wood preservation techniques, pressure processes are the most permanent technique around the world today. In the Full cell process, wood is allowed to absorb as much liquid chemicals as possible during the pressure period, thus leaving the maximum concentration of preservatives in the treated area. Usually, water solutions of preservative salts are employed with this process but it is also possible to impregnate wood with oil. The desired retention is achieved by changing the strength of the solution. A Full cell pressure wood preservation system was designed and constructed in Mechanical Engineering Department of KUET and its performance was tested. The pressure cylinder was constructed using locally available materials and different physical properties of wood were measured. It was observed that the weight of wood reduces due to loss of moisture, density, retention, penetration of preservatives into wood due to pressure in the cylinder. The penetration is more or less uniform throughout the surfaces.
75-79
94

Title : Wind loads on Y plan shape tall building

Authors : Ravinder Ahlawat and Ashok K. Ahuja

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Abstract :

An experimental study was carried out on the models of ‘Y’ plan shape tall building in an open circuit wind tunnel to investigate the wind loads generated on the building in isolated as well as interference condition. The base shear (Fx), overturning moment (My) and torsional moment (Mz) acting on the instrumented model were measured. For the isolated condition, the measurements were made for many wind incidence angles. For studying the interference effects, two similar building models were placed in side-by-side configuration and tandem configuration and the spacing between these models were varied. It is observed that the wind incidence angle greatly affects the wind induced loads on the ‘Y’ plan shaped building. Depending on the position of the interfering building, the interfence effects may either be beneficial or may have an adverse effect.

80-83
95

Title : Wind Pressure Distribution on Trough Canopy Roofs

Authors : Pradeep Singh, Ashok K. Ahuja

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Abstract : Wind tunnel experiments are carried out to obtain the wind pressure distribution on trough canopy roof. The model made of Perspex sheet at a scale of 1:100 is tested in open circuit wind tunnel under boundary layer flow. Effects of wind incidence angle are studied y changing wind angle. Values of wind pressure coefficients are calculated from the values of wind pressures measured at numerous pressure points on upper and lower surfaces of the trough roof and are reported in the form of cross sectional variation of pressure coefficient and pressure contours. It is observed that the wind pressure distribution on the trough canopy roof is highly influenced by incident wind direction.
84-87
96

Title : Improving The Scalability And Efficiency Of K-Medoids By Map Reduce

Authors : Mr D Lakshmi Srinivasulu, Mr A Vishnuvardhan Reddy, Dr V S Giridhar Akula

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Abstract : Day to day the size of data increased enormously. Big Data concerns large-volume, complex, growing data sets with multiple, autonomous sources. With the fast development of networking, data storage, and the data collection capacity. Big Data is now rapidly expanding in all science and engineering domains, including physical, biological and bio-medical sciences. Mining knowledge from the large amount of data is a challengeable task. Map Reduce is a programming model and an associated implementation for processing and generating large data sets. Map reduce is one of the technique to achieve parallelism. map function that processes a key/value pair to generate a set of intermediate key/value pairs, and a reduce function that merges all intermediate values associated with the same intermediate key . Programs written in this functional style are automatically parallelized and executed on a large cluster of commodity machines. The run-time system takes care of the details of partitioning the input data, scheduling the program’s execution across a set of machines, handling machine failures, and managing the required inter-machine communication. This allows programmers without any experience with parallel and distributed systems to easily utilize the resources of a large distributed system. In the perspective of clustering, grouping of similar of objects from big data is a challengeable task .In order to deal with the problem; many researchers try to design different parallel clustering algorithms. In this paper, we propose a parallel K-Medoids clustering algorithm to improve scalability without noise and efficiency based on Map Reduce.
88-90
97

Title : Applying systems approach to driver behaviour analysis

Authors : Oluwasegun Aluko

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Abstract : Driver behaviour is an important subject in road safety research. Investigations into this subject have often been conducted using qualitative and statistical methods. However, due to the temporal and spatial gap between actions and their consequences in real life, this paper argues that these methods are not the most suitable approaches to understanding and dealing with this safety problem. In the first instance, these methods tend to identify a sequential course of action and treat causal factors linearly. In contrast, this paper suggests the use of systems analysis and causal loop diagramming which help to view a system holistically as well as identify the circular nature of processes in a system. In this way, it often becomes unimportant to identify a factor as a cause or an effect. This paper goes further to demonstrate the use of this analysis method with the risky behaviour of commercial motorcycle drivers. It concludes by showing that a combination of actions will be more suitable than a sequential policy implementation being currently adopted in dealing with this safety problem.
91-96
98

Title : Single Phase Dynamic Voltage Restorer for Abnormal Conditions

Authors : C.Jayashankar, R.Ilango, V.Prabaharan

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Abstract : Power quality is one of the major concerns in the era of power system. Power quality problem occurred due to non- standard voltage, current or frequency, that result in a failure of end user equipment. To overcome this problem, Dynamic Voltage Restorer (DVR) is used, which eliminate voltage sag and swell in the distribution line, it is efficient and effective power electronic device. The size of DVR is small, cost is low and fast dynamic response to the disturbance. By injecting an appropriate voltage, the DVR restores a voltage waveform and ensures constant load voltage. The compensating signals are determined dynamically based on the difference between desired and measured values. The DVR is consisting of VSC, Booster transformer, Filter and Energy storage devices.
97-101
99

Title : Power Quality Improvement for Non Linear Load by Using DSTATCOM

Authors : B. Silvin Daniel, R. Ilango, V. Prabaharan

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Abstract : The researchers are more importance to power quality problems. Various power quality problems are voltage sag, voltage swell, harmonics, interruptions etc. This paper proposes to reduction the Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) in power system. The total harmonic distortion is reduced using distribution static compensator (DSTATCOM). An Instantaneous d-q theory has been used for controlling switching converter which calculates the required current injected into the power system. The simulated results show the effectiveness of DSTATCOM in reducing the harmonic distortion.
102-106
100

Title : Online Exam Cell and Result Analysis Automation

Authors : Aditya Rao, Abhishek Ganesh, Stuti Ahuja

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Abstract : Current exam-cell activities are mostly done on paper. Automated solutions using this system will make exam department activities more efficient by covering for the most important drawbacks of manual system, namely speed, precision and simplicity. A centralized system will ensure that the activities in the context of an examination can be managed effectively, while also making it more accessible and convenient for both students and staff. The final product would constitute a computerized module aimed at replicating offline exam cell process. The system is a new concept which came into existence because of the large amount of data being on paper and it made analysis of results a tedious task, apart from the unmanageable amount of data that is generated in an institution from various departments. The Automation system is like an intermediary between staff and students, thus easing the activities of each regarding examination. It is a system that will make the exam cell process much organised. It would require certain crucial data to be pre-existing, which definitely suggest a dependency on certain other systems, especially ones concerning data acquisition. Like in this case it is Automated Admission system. The Solution, however, will manage a great deal of menial work. This keeps paperwork to its minimum, leading to ease of accountability, reducing confusions and increase in work rate and efficiency. The project will address firstly, access to various users including students, teacher, exam cell staff and admin. Then customization based on requirement of College. And finally automated result analysis and ancillary services.
107-109
101

Title : Design of Logic Gates Using CNTFETs

Authors : S.V.Srikanth, S.S.N.L. Venkateswara Rao, M.Murali Krishna

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Abstract : Carbon Nanotube (CNT) is one of the emerging nano technology, which is showing high efficiency and it has wide range of applications in many different streams. The properties of Carbon Nano Tube Field Effect Transistors (CNTFETs) have been studied and are observed to be the promising candidate for the integrated circuit (IC) devices. These are widely studied as possible successors to silicon MOSFETs. In this paper the standard model has been designed for, MOSFET-like CNTFET devices. Various logic gates were designed using CNTFETs; their delays are obtained and compared with CMOS. Hspice simulations have been performed on various logic gates that are designed using the modeled CNTFET.
110-113
102

Title : Using Adaptive Web Systems for Education Process in the Preparation of Web Programmers

Authors : Dr. Aripov Mersaid and Fayziyeva Mahbuba

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Abstract : The current rapid development of informational and communication technologies, and wide-format digital telecommunication means and Internet systems, their wide application in every sphere of society is achieved through widespread networks of WWW and located on a regular basis of current Web project. The main purpose of learning the Web technologies is to give the students scientific and theoretical knowledge on information processing in the managerial information databases using Web technology and integration with the database management system (DBMS). The main task of learning is to form in students knowledge, skills and experience with database management systems data, to study modern methods of creating Web projects and also their design and creation. This requires the creation of adaptive Web systems, and the development of teaching methods corresponding to the intellectual abilities of the student. In the present article it is talked about the features of adaptive educational web-based system in preparing the web programmers.
114-117
103

Title : PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL: An Empirical Study to understand Job Satisfaction and Motivation of personnel through the system

Authors : Dr Parveen Prasad

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Abstract : Drawing upon existing literature, this study investigated the relationship between Job satisfaction and Motivation of personnel through the system of Performance Appraisal (PA). A study of 115 personnel from various industries found a positive correlation between job satisfaction and motivation with the performance appraisal system of the organization. The results of the study indicate positive constructs related to PA as objectivity and transparency, PA culture and system, feedback, performance impact, attrition, and compensation. Furthermore, it strengthens the argument that organizations must design and administer their performance appraisals with care, frequency and use it more as a development tool to enhance its effectiveness for generating productivity.
118-125
104

Title : VANETs (Vehicular Adhoc Networks): Introduction, Imperatives and Challenges

Authors : Dr. Rajesh Gargi, Sumit Goyal

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Abstract :

The integration of communication technology in state-of the art vehicles has begun years ago: Car phones and Internet access based on cellular technologies as well as Bluetooth adapters for the integration of mobile devices are popular examples. This paper presents an insight into the VANETs (Vehicular Ad-hoc NETworks) technology. This technology integrates WLAN/cellular and Ad Hoc networks to achieve the continuous connectivity. Vehicular Ad hoc Network (VANET), a subclass of mobile Ad Hoc networks (MANETs), is a promising approach for future intelligent transportation system (ITS). These networks have no fixed infrastructure and instead rely on the vehicles themselves to provide network functionality. However, due to mobility constraints, driver behavior, and high mobility, VANETs exhibit characteristics that are dramatically different from many generic MANETs. This paper provides a comprehensive study of challenges in these networks.

1-4
105

Title : Ferrodiesel

Authors : Sarath Babu Ramachandran

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Abstract :

Ferrofluid -diesel blend (Ferrodiesel) are fuels for regular diesel engines. The advantages of ferrofluid diesel blend are reductions in the emissions of nitrogen oxides and particulate matters, which are both health hazardous, and reduction in fuel consumption due to better burning efficiency. An important aspect is that ferrodiesel can be used without engine modifications. This paper presents the influence of ferrofluid on the emissions and on the combustion efficiency. Whereas there is a decrease in emissions of nitrogen oxides and particulate matters, there is an increase in the emissions of hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide with increasing ferrofluid content of the blend. The combustion efficiency is slightly improved when ferrofluid is blended with diesel.

92-94
106

Title : Design and control for Bidirectional AC-DC Converters for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle

Authors : R.Navaneethan, R.Illango, V.Prabaharan

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Abstract :

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are specialized hybrid electric vehicles that have the potential to obtain enough energy  for average daily  commuting  from batteries. These batteries would be charged from the power grid and would thus allow  for a reduction in the overall petroleum consumption. To implement the plug-in function, a single phase bidirectional ac-dc converter interfacing with the grid is essential. The implementation of a bidirectional ac-dc  converter  can allow  for  battery  recharge  from the grid, battery energy injection to the ac grid, and battery energy for ac power stabilization. In this paper, the basic requirements and specifications for PHEV bidirectional ac- dc converter designs are presented. Generally, there are two types   of   topologies   used   for   PHEVs:   an   independent topology and a combination topology that utilizes the drive motor’s   inverter.   Evaluations   of   the   two   converter topologies are analyzed in detail. The combination topology analysis is emphasized because it has more advantages in PHEVs, in respect to savings in cost, volume and weight.

5-9
107

Title : A Review on Information Technology and Cyber Laws

Authors : Shailesh P. Thakare, Nitin M Shivratriwar, Shrikant N. Sarda

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Abstract :

Now a day’s most of the activities and financial transactions uses internet, since internet is accessible from anywhere, perpetrator takes advantage of this and commit a crime.  Cybercrime is a term used to broadly describe criminal activity in which computers or computer networks are a tool, a target, or a place of criminal activity and include everything from electronic cracking to denial of service attacks. It is also used to include traditional crimes in which computers or networks are used to enable the illicit activity. Cyber criminals take full advantage of the anonymity, secrecy, and interconnections provided by the Internet. In this paper we have tried to provide information about Cyber crime, its nature, Perpetrators, Classification of cyber crime, Reasons for its emergence, In next section of this paper we have given an information about cyber law, IT legislation in India. Further in next section we have discuses about Cyber crime scenario in India. Finally Last two sections of this paper discuss about some cyber crime cases in India and some cyber crimes and punishments related with those crime.

10-16
108

Title : The Equilibrium and Thermodynamics of Methylene Blue Uptake onto Ekowe Clay; Influence of Acid Activation and Calcination

Authors : Daniel C. Emeniru, Okechukwu D. Onukwuli, Pere-ere DouyeWodu, Bernard I. Okoro

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Abstract :

The equilibrium isotherm study verified that the linear Freundlich model best explained the adsorption data and mechanism. The maximum adsorption capacities, 9.709, 13.889, and 18.868g/g for RS, RCS and ACS respective obtained from the Langmuir isotherm model at 25oC. Verifiable with increased filtration rates, acid activation and calcination improved the clay porosity and the total surface area; RS-22.04, RCS-30.36 m2g-1 and ACS-40.92m2g-1. Sample PZCs were less than solution pH indicating cation affinity and enhanced dye adsorption. Dye uptake varied with temperature and adsorption equilibrates around 80min. Langmuir model (ΔG˚<-5KJ/mol) and thermodynamics (ΔG˚>-18kJ/mol and ΔH) revealed a spontaneous and exothermic physisorption of MB dye onto the raw and modified samples. ΔS* suggested an associative adsorption mechanism and ΔSo proposed an induced randomness and changes at the solute/solvent interface.

17-25
109

Title : Alternative Architectures for Computer System Performance Enhancement

Authors : Hasan Krad

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Abstract :

Computer-based solutions for scientific applications require higher performance computer systems than ever. In fact, the improvement of the computer system performance through the improvement of the performance of hardware chips has almost reached its physical limitation and scientists started to seek the required enhancement of the system performance through new alternative approach to design computer systems using methods such as pipelining and parallel processing, with advanced processor architectures such as that of the Niagara family of processors that has been pioneered by Oracle®. In this paper, we will address some of these concepts and related issues and present a synopsis of some  important aspects of such architectures while emphasizing on the pipelining techniques that lead to the performance enhancement of such systems.

26-28
110

Title : Some Properties of Semi-continuous, Pre-continuous and α-continuous Mappings

Authors : Yasser A. Abou-Elwan

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Abstract :
This paper investigates some new characteristics of semi-continuous, pre-continuous and α-continuous mappings. We provides two theorems that are equivalent to the definitions of pre-continuous and M-semi-continuous mappings. A condition has been proposed, which makes the injective mapping pre-open. We have proved that the domain of the injective α-continuous mapping with closed graph is Housdorff space. In addition, more other conditions put on the α-continuous mapping, which make its graph closed. 
29-30
111

Title : A Review paper on the Memory Built-In Self-Repair with Redundancy Logic

Authors : Er. Ashwin Tilak, Prof. Dr.Y.P.Singh

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Abstract :

The Present review paper expresses the word oriented memory test methodology for Built-In Self-Repair (BISR). To replace the defect words few logics are introduced. These logics are memory BIST logic and Wrapper logic. Whenever a test is carries on, the defected words are pointed out by its address only and these addresses are called failing address. The failing addresses are stored in the fuse box. Using fuse box it avoids the classic redundancy concept, where the RAMS has spare rows and columns. After the detection of faulty address, they are stored in redundancy logic. During test and redundancy configuration, the fuse box is connected to a scan register  by this process  input  and output data can be evaluated.

31-35
112

Title : Analysis of International Trade and Economical & Commercial Scope of Ornamental Fishes

Authors : Chandasudha Goswami, Dr. V. S. Zade

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Abstract :

Fisheries sector contributes significantly to the national economy while providing livelihood to approximately 14.49 million people in the country (Government of India, Ministry of Agriculture Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries). It has been recognized for powerful income and employment generator as it stimulates growth of a number of subsidiary industries and is a source of cheap and nutritious food besides being a source of foreign exchange earner. In general growth in export is very much important to improve countries foreign exchange reserve, in simple word countries economic development.  So it is important to understand overview of Fish Export and current scenario of economical and commercial scope of ornamental Fishes in terms of export.      

36-40
113

Title : Application Roadmap for Battery Powered Electric Mobility

Authors : Daniel Holz, Thomas Fuhrmann

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Abstract :

Mobility changes from fossil to renewable energy powered vehicles. Due to high battery weight and costs, only a few applications are currently possible. In this paper, battery weight and amortization times for different means of transport are predicted. It is the goal of this article to analyse, which vehicles are suitable for battery powered electric mobility in the medium-term future. Two scenarios with different energy prices and battery developments for the years 2020 and 2030 are analysed. Starting from energy consumption of fossil powered vehicles, the equivalent battery parameters for similar electric vehicles are calculated. The computations show that currently the battery mass is low enough to power short-range electric cars or river ships, but no realistic time-span for amortization can be reached. In 2020, the battery weight will be low enough to power river ships, short and medium range cars. It will be profitable to use battery electric drives for short and medium range cars, city buses and short-range trucks. The projection for the year 2030 shows that all types of commercial land vehicles will be economically driven with batteries. Until 2030, it will be impossible to power transport ships or aircraft using batteries. It is shown that in the medium term future all land vehicles will be profitable with battery electric drives. The amortization times depend on the chosen scenario. The break-even point for profitable battery powered land vehicles will be between 2020 and 2030. This means that in next decade a big part of fossil powered cars, trucks and buses can be replaced without increasing mobility costs. There is no alternative to chemical fuel for airplanes due to the high battery mass. For ships, the battery costs are too high for amortization. Chemical fuels from fossil or renewable sources will be the only possible power source for these means of transport in the mid-term future.

41-44
114

Title : Power Quality Enhancement Using VSI Based STATCOM for SEIG Feeding Non Linear Loads

Authors : Mrs. R. Lilly Renuka, Mr. R. Ilango, Mr. B. Muruganandam

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Abstract :

This paper deals with the performance analysis of static compensator (STATCOM) based voltage regulator for self- excited induction generators (SEIGs) feeding non-linear single phase loads. The presence of non-linear loads in some applications injects harmonics into the generating system. Because an SEIG is a weak isolated system, these harmonics have a great effect on its performance. Additionally, SEIG’s offer poor voltage regulation and require an adjustable reactive power source to maintain a constant terminal voltage under a varying load. A three-phase insulated gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) based current controlled voltage source inverter (CC-VSI) known as STATCOM is used for harmonic elimination. It also provides the required reactive power an SEIG needs to maintain a constant terminal voltage under varying loads. A dynamic model of an SEIG-STATCOM system with the ability to compensate the unbalanced current caused by single-phase loads that are connected across the two terminals of the three-phase SEIG  under  varying loads  has been analyzed by using D-Q frame theory algorithm. This enables us to predict the behavior of the system under transient conditions. The simulated results shows that by using a STATCOM based voltage regulator the SEIG can balance the current; in addition to that the STATCOM is able to regulate the terminal voltage of the generator and suppresses the harmonic currents injected by non- linear loads.

45-50
115

Title : Wind Pressure Distribution on Domical Roofs

Authors : Astha Verma, Ashok K. Ahuja

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Abstract :

Present paper describes the details of the experimental study carried out on the models of low-rise buildings with domical roofs. Wind pressure measurements are made on rigid models by placing them in an open circuit boundary layer wind tunnel. The study includes square and rectangular plan buildings with one and two domes respectively. The experimental results of pressure measurements are reported in the form of contours of mean wind pressure coefficients on the surfaces of domes. Results presented in the paper are of great use for the structural designers while designing buildings with domical roofs. The experts responsible for revising wind-loading codes from time to time can also use these values.

51-53
116

Title : Knowledge Machine Design: Pathways of Knowledge in Machines

Authors : Syed V Ahamed, Sonya M Ahamed

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Abstract :

Knowledge  elements  are  as  universal  as life itself.  The varieties of such knowledge elements are as profuse as the diversity of life forms.  In fact, there is no life without embedded knowledge to continue and supply the essentials of living.  Conversely, there is no knowledge without life forms to support it continuum of change and adaptation.  Symbiotic as they are the interdependency has prevails since the beginnings of life.  The evolution of species is founded on the increasing complexity of kels that perpetuate knowledge to constitute new knowledge. The knowledge enhanced to gratify the needs for the incremental change in the species is time dependent statistical occurrence.   The change may be microscopic or cataclysmic.  Change and adaptation are both essential.  All forms of life abide by the law that knowledge and life are in deepest harmony just to keep living. After Darwin, we have realized that time to evolve flows through the process of neural adaptation to learn to be the fittest to survive.   Knowledge to live by and life to enhance the genetic code are the two chromosomes in the womb of humankind. In the more evolved species, the complexity of kels and their structure both reach astounding levels perhaps reaching their peaks in human beings.  In the other species, the complexity is tailored to suit their own form of life and its needs with three (physiological, safety and reproductive) lower level needs.   By process of trial and error, they learn to be optimal in the expenditure of time and energy to learn the adaptation.  In humans with higher levels of needs [1] and a higher level of comprehension, the dynamic movement of kels becomes scientific and almost mathematical process.  In this paper, we propose a mechanism for the pathways of knowledge in the society and for the graphs for solving complex problems.

54-59
117

Title : A Modified Approch Audio Stagnography Based On Technique LSB Coding

Authors : Surekha Shrivastava , Mr. Gajendra Singh chandel, Mr. Kaislash Patidar

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Abstract :

Information security is becoming very important part of our life now-a-days. Information hiding is the fundamental of information security. Information hiding can be achieved by steganography as well. This paper presents a modified method of audio stegnography. Audio steganography is the technique of hiding secret information in the audio files.  We have presented a high capacity and high stego-signal quality audio steganography scheme based on samples comparison in DWT domain where selected coefficient of a segment are compared with pre determined threshold value T and based on comparison bits are embedded. The strength of our algorithm is depend on the segment size and  their strength are enabled the algorithm to achieve very high embedding capacity for different data type that can reach up to 25%  from the input audio file size with lest of 35 dB  SNR for the output stego signal. Further we have tabulated the result and the conclusion is made on the basis of the obtained results.

60-65
118

Title : Relationship between Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity and Compressive Strength of Self Compacting Concrete incorporate Rice Husk Ash and Metakaolin

Authors : V.Kannan

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Abstract :

The objective of the present investigation was to evaluate RHA and MK as supplementary cementitious materials (in both binary and ternary systems) in terms of harden properties in blended cement SCC and to identify the optimal level of replacement of ordinary Portland cement (OPC) with RHA, MK, or RHA+MK. The blended cements were prepared by replacing OPC with RHA, MK, or RHA+MK (5–40%) in dry conditions. In addition to that the interrelationship between harden properties such as compressive strength and ultrasonic pulse velocity was discussed.

66-71
119

Title : Wind Loads on Triangular Shape Tall Buildings

Authors : Muftha A. Abdusemed, Ashok K. Ahuja

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Abstract :

Present paper describes the details of the experimental study carried out on the models of tall buildings with varying cross-sectional shapes under both stand-alone condition as well as interference condition. Two cross-sectional shapes namely square and triangular are considered. Force measurements are made on the rigid models of tall buildings made of timber. The models are tested in an open circuit boundary layer wind tunnel. Twisting moment developed due to wind is measured in addition to base shear and base moment in along-wind direction as well as across-wind direction. Effect of wind incidence angle on wind loads is studied in case of isolated condition. In case of interference condition, effect of distance between object building and interfering building on wind loads is studied. 

72-75
120

Title : Redundant Binary Partial Product for Fused add Multiplier to Optimize the Power

Authors : Dr.C.Venkatesh, S.Poonkuzhali, M.Moortheeswari

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Abstract :

Many Digital Signal Processing (DSP) applications carry out a large number of complex arithmetic operations. Multiplier takes a important role in the performance of the system, thus by optimizing the multiplier the power and area can be reduced. This paper focus on optimizing the power using redundant binary partial product. This implements a new technique called RB encoding, in which the sum of two numbers and there product is multiplied with the multiplier in Modified Booth (MB) form. The RB encoding is used in multipliers with operand, without increasing the delay of partial product accumulation. It is used for both signed and unsigned Radix-4, which is a parallel multiplier. its An efficient multiplier which reduces partial product by N/2, where N is the number of multiplicand. The proposed FAM unit with RB encoding is coded in Verilog, simulated and synthesized using Xilinx ISE tool. The performance of FAM unit with RB encoding is compared with other existing technique in terms of power consumption and critical path. The proposed FAM unit with RB encoding yields considerable reduction in terms of critical delay and power consumption.

76-80
121

Title : Long Josephson Junctions in Magnetic Field

Authors : Joseph Mathew, Tapas Kumar Sinha, Sanjib Malla Bujar Baruah

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Abstract :

We develop a model to account for the recently observed phase jump of electrons in Josephson Junction, in a magnetic field, as the electrons cross the junction. We suggest that electrons are trapped in the potential formed by a kink anti-kink pair. When the electron escapes from this potential well it suffers a potential jump as it crosses the junction. Electrons at lower depths suffer greater potential jumps. The potential jumps were evaluated by using the Lax pair for the Sine Gordon equation and then using Gelfand-Levitan equation on the bound states formed by the kink-anti kink pair.

81-83
122

Title : Optimize Renting Times of Machines in Flow-Shop Scheduling

Authors : Laxmi Narain

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Abstract :

This paper studies three-machine scheduling problems in the situation when one has got the assignment but does not have one's own machines and has to take machines on rent to complete the assignment. Minimization of total rental cost of machines may be the criterion in this type of situation. Here, we have considered a rental policy in which second and third machines will not be taken on rent at times when the first job is completed on first and second machines respectively but these machines will be taken on rent subject to some criterion. The objective is: for a given sequence obtain the latest times at which the machines should be taken on rent so that total rental cost is minimum without altering the total elapsed time. We have obtained a simple and efficient algorithm, without using Branch-and-Bound technique. Numerical example is given to illustrate the algorithm.

84-88
123

Title : Optimization of Rotational Speed for Casting Al-Si Alloy Using Centrifugal Casting

Authors : Mr. Pavan B B, Mr. K S Keerthiprasad, Mr. Prakash H R, Deepika H J

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Abstract :

An alloy is a material that has metallic properties and is formed by combination of two or more chemical elements of which at least one is a metal. Commonly, alloys have different properties from those of the component elements.In recent years aluminium alloys are widely used in automotive industries. This is particularly due to the real need to weight saving for more reduction of fuel consumption. The typical alloying elements are copper, magnesium, manganese, silicon, and zinc.Aluminium-Silicon alloys are of greater importance to engineering industries as they exhibit high strength to weight ratio, high wear resistance, low density, low coefficient of thermal expansion etc. Silicon imparts high fluidity and low shrinkage, which result in good cast ability and weldability. 

89-91
124

Title : Cyclic Plastic Deformation Behaviour of SA 312 Type 304LN Stainless Steel

Authors : Avinash Ethirajan, M. Saravanan, S. Vishnuvardhan, J. Jeyanthi

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Abstract :

Many engineering components are often subjected to cyclic load excursions beyond elastic limit and hence cyclic plastic deformation in such components becomes inevitable.  Since the resultant elastic-plastic stress-strain response of the material plays a pivotal role in analysis, design and failure of the component, it becomes important to understand the cyclic plastic deformation behaviour.  Strain-controlled fatigue is an important consideration in the design of components that undergo either mechanically or thermally induced cyclic plastic strains which may cause failure in low number of cycles (approximately <105).  This paper presents the details of strain-controlled low cycle fatigue tests carried out on SA 312 Type 304LN stainless steel material.  ASTM E 606 - 12 was followed in preparing the test specimens and carrying out the fatigue tests.  The tests were carried out under constant amplitude cyclic triangular waveform loading.  The specimens were tested at six different strain amplitudes of ±1.10%, ±1.25%, ±1.40%, ±1.55%, ±1.70% and ±1.85%.  Cyclic stress-strain hysteresis curves were obtained throughout the entire duration of the fatigue tests.  The number of cycles to failure of the specimens was recorded.  Using the empirical relationships, fatigue parameters, namely cyclic strength coefficient, cyclic strain hardening exponent, fatigue strength coefficient, fatigue strength exponent, fatigue ductility coefficient and fatigue ductility exponent were evaluated; the values of the same were found to be 414.66 MPa, 0.2048, 777.54 MPa, -0.1010, 0.1955 and -0.4780 respectively.  These fatigue parameters will be useful in determining the number of fatigue loading cycles for fatigue-ratcheting crack initiation in components made of this material.

95-99
125

Title : Feedback based Optimized Scheduling Algorithm for Cloud Broker using Rough Set and Fuzzy Logic

Authors : Anandi Lal Jangir

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Abstract :

As the basic definition of cloud says that pay only for that which u have used. Cloud computing has two components one is cloud broker which deals with users and second is the service provider. Cloud middlemen or Broker provides cloud arbitrage services to users that allow end users to shift between platforms to get the best pricing so that user can purchase the services with low prices. Main objective of this paper is implementing an algorithm for cloud broker to enhance the reliability and enhancing the satisfaction of customer. The algorithm calculate the optimal fuzzy value on the basis of rating of each cloud service provider and customer feedback and allot the new customer with the CSP which have maximum fuzzy value. The algorithm is implemented in cloud simulator with the help of net-beans.

100-102
126

Title : Design and Fabrication of a Supersonic Wind Tunnel

Authors : Bhavin K Bharath

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Abstract :

This work proposes to design and fabricate a supersonic wind tunnel that can be operated using the compressor and pressure vessel having a capacity of 1000 litres and a maximum storage pressure of 12bar. Test section size and the operating Mach number of the wind tunnel is designed so that the tunnel can operate for 30 sec using the air stored in this pressure vessel. The design is based on the assumptions of 2D in viscid flow and normal shock pressure recovery in the diffuser. The tunnel designed according to these criteria has a design Mach number of 2.5 and an 80mm × 20 mm rectangular test section. Calibration of this facility was also carried out by measuring the static pressure in the test section, which shows a test section Mach number of 2.14.

103-107
127

Title : Performance Analysis of CSRZ, MDRZ, NRZ and DPSK Modulation Formats for Two Channel WDM Passive Optical Network

Authors : Kamalpreet, Miss Bhawna Utreja

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Abstract :

In this paper, we have simulated 2 channel bi directional WDM PON system using CSRZ, NRZ, DPSK and MDRZ modulation formats. System has been analyzed by changing the input power values from -20 to 10dBm. The system is evaluated for 20Gbps bit rate upto 50km in terms of Q factor and eye opening factor. It is found that DPSK is best technique as compared to other modulation formats.

108-110
128

Title : Impact of Polarization Interleaving (PI) on WDM-FSO system

Authors : Neha Gupta, Dr. Amandeep Singh Sappal

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Abstract :

This work is focused to carry out investigation of  WDM Free Space Optical transmission when even and odd channels are orthogonally polarized. In this work 8 independent channels each having capacity of 1.56Gbps are transmitted over free space optical link of 15 kilometer at different beam divergence angles. Systems with and without polarization interleaving are compared here in this paper. Then after WDM-FSO polarization interleaving systems with 16 channels are realized. The bit rate of each channel is increased to 8Gbps and it has been found that WDM-FSO system with polarization interleaving having 16 channels and 128Gbps bitrates of whole system is optimized to work properly up to 25 kilometer range after its comparison with WDM-FSO polarization interleaving system having 8 channels and capacity 12.48 Gbps of whole system. Performance is measured in the terms of Quality Factor and Eye Diagrams.

111-114
129

Title : Numerical and Experimental Studies of Heat Transfer in Porous Media

Authors : Rajesh N P

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Abstract :

The subject of heat transfer through porous media is an area of rapid growth in contemporary research. Porous media consists of solid matrix and fluid matrix. The void matrix in the porous media is filled with fluids or gases. Heat transfer through porous media includes conduction, convection and radiation. The objective of this study is to determine the thermal response of a porous media under varying heating conditions. In the present study only one mode of heat transfer, heat conduction, is used to determine the thermal response of a porous media. For this analysis effective properties of porous media are used and the effective properties are determined using correlations. An explicit finite difference scheme is used for numerical formulation of the problem. The numerical model can be augmented by experimental results, which is also included in the scope of this work. Porous materials are used to protect the reentry space shuttle from failure due to aerodynamic heating. Silica tiles, which are essentially a porous material, made from pure silica fibre are used to protect the space shuttle. The experiments were carried out on silica tiles in a facility having capability to simulate time varying heating conditions and studied the thermal response of the material. The experiments were repeated for different specimens with variation in thickness at varying heating conditions. Experimental results are found to be in good match with the numerical results.

115-118
130

Title : Detection of Fault in Gearbox System Using Vibration Analysis Method

Authors : Saurabh S. Shahapurkar, Hemant S. Pansare, Prashant P. Dhebe, Chetan S.Wagh, Prof. Amit Desale

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Abstract :

In gearboxes, load fluctuations on the gearbox and gear defects are two major sources of vibration. Further, at times, measurement of vibration in the gearbox is not easy because of the inaccessibility in mounting the vibration transducers. For detecting different type of gear tooth faults a experimental data is taken from single stage gearbox set up with help of FFT analyser. Vibration analysis techniques are used for detection of fault in gear system, fluctuation in gear load such as a method for detecting the evolution of gear faults based on time- frequency analysis through Matlab. The various types of defects are created on gear tooth such as one corner defect, two corner defect, three corner defect, and Missing tooth. By comparing Signals of defective condition with healthy (ok) condition through FFT analyser in which analysis is carried out with the decomposed current signal to trace the sidebands of the high frequencies of vibration. The validation is done successful by taking input signal from FFT analyser to Matlab program for calculating effective statistical parameters in defective condition for time & frequency domain analysis. The actual position in angle of rotation for one tooth missing in gearbox is also investigated by using Matlab program. It is also helpful tool for health monitoring of gears in different conditions.

119-122
131

Title : Effect of Fibers on Properties of Clay

Authors : Soundara B, Senthil kumar K. P

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Abstract :

The use of natural fibers such as coir for soil improvement is highly attractive in countries like India where such materials are locally and economically obtainable, in view of the preservation of natural environment and cost effectiveness. This paper compares the effect of random inclusion of locally available coir fibers and commercial polypropylene fibers on compaction characteristics and California Bearing Ratio (CBR) values of soil. Standard Proctor tests and CBR tests are done on locally available cohesive soil (CH) with low percentage of reinforcement (0–1.5% by weight of oven-dried soil). The Maximum Dry Density (MDD) of fiber stabilized soil goes on decreasing and Optimum Moisture Content (OMC) goes on increasing with increase in percentage addition of coir and polypropylene fiber, irrespective of the percentage of addition of fiber. CBR test results reveal that the inclusion of randomly distributed fibers in soil increases the CBR values of the soil by two times. Coir fibers show very close percentile improvement in CBR value of soil when compared with polypropylene stabilized soil. Hence the inclusion of discrete coir fibers in random fashion significantly improves the CBR value of clay and hence could be effectively used for pavement sub-grade purposes.

123-128
132

Title : Presorting of high grade molybdenum ore - A case for enhanced small mine development

Authors : Michael Hitch, Andrew Bamber, Patricia Oka

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Abstract :

With increasing energy and labour costs, and downward pressure on commodity prices, many mines are forced to extract higher grades to remain profitable. Additionally, pressure is increasing on mine operators to reduce their environmental footprint or face public censure, hence traditional approaches such as increasing the mining rate are not attractive. In this environment, operators must innovate to prevent smaller, or less profitable, mines from closing. Data from over eight years of research at the University of British Columbia, and ore recent data from customer studies at MineSense Technologies suggests that previously unrecognized quantities of barren or low grade waste is the norm, rather than the exception in mill feed material globally, therefore an approach that shows remarkable potential to address both of these issues is the pre-concentration of ore by sorting ahead of the mill. Through sensing of the physical, chemical or electromagnetic magnetic properties of ore on a by-particle basis, significant variations in grade can be measured; by exploiting this sensed data identification and rejection of up to 60% waste by mass prior to the expensive process of grinding is possible. Mill feed grade is increased, reducing transport and processing costs, potentially improving plant recoveries, and reducing the amount of waste being sent to the tailings pond. This paper presents the results of recent work undertaken to evaluate the potential of optical, x-ray, electromagnetic and density-based pre-concentration methods on ore from the Kuemseong molybdenum mine in South Korea. The work indicated technical and economic feasibility of pre-concentrating the Kuemseong ore. Using the preferred method of optical separation, overall extraction and recovery was vastly improved, with lower operating costs projected at the mine. The result confirms general potential for this strategy to enhance profitability while simultaneously improving environmental performance for small mine assets.

129-135
133

Title : Wieldy Finger and Hand Motion Detection for Human Computer Interaction

Authors : Prerna Verma, Rohit Miri

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Abstract :

We have developed a gesture based interface for human computer interaction under the research field of computer vision.Earlier system have used the costlier system devices to make an effective interaction with systems, instead we have worked on the web cam based gesture input system.Our goal was to propound lesser cost, wieldy, object detection technique using blobs for detection of fingers.And to give number of count of the same.In addition, we have also implemented the hand gesture recognition.

136-140
134

Title : N-ary Relation Approach for Open Domain Question Answering System Based on Information Extraction through World Wide Web

Authors : Roma Yadav, S.R.Tandan

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Abstract :

In this paper, we have presented n-ary relation based open domain question answering system for Extraction Information from an oversized assortment of document against arbitrary questions. We proposed two algorithms to extract entity and relationship from string and to extract answer for queried question. Our proposed algorithm works on both online and offline mode with greater accuracy.

141-144
135

Title : Classification of Diabetes Mellitus Using Machine Learning Techniques

Authors : Amit kumar Dewangan, Pragati Agrawal

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Abstract :

Diabetes-Mellitus refers to the metabolic disorder that happens from misfunction in insulin secretion and action. It is characterized by hyperglycemia. The persistent hyperglycemia of diabetes leads to damage, malfunction and failure of different organs such as kidneys, eyes, nerves, blood vessels and heart. In the past decades several techniques have been implemented for the detection of diabetes. The diagnosis of diabetes is very important now a days using various types of techniques.  Here, there are various techniques, their classification and implementation using various types of software tools and techniques. The diagnosis of diabetes can be done using Artificial Neural Network, K-fold cross validation and classification, Vector support machine, K-nearest neighbor method, Data Mining Algorithm, etc. Using these techniques, we attempt to make an ensemble model by combining two techniques: Bayesian classification and Multilayer Perceptron for the accuracy, sensitivity and specificity measures of diagnosis of diabetes-mellitus. 

145-148
136

Title : Secured Wireless Content Transmission over Cloud with Intelligibility

Authors : Amit Kumar Dewangan, Sadaf Rahman

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Abstract :

Information privacy can be successfully protected through encryption. The high convenience of PDAs and tablets is held onto by shoppers and also the corporate and open segment. Then again, particularly in the non-shopper range the element security assumes a conclusive part for the stage determination process. The majority of the present organizations inside of the cell phone area included an extensive variety of security components to the at first customer situated gadgets or have managed security as a center element from the earliest starting point (RIM, now BlackBerry). One of the key security highlights for ensuring information on the gadget or in gadget reinforcements are encryption frameworks, which are accessible in the greater part of current gadgets. For this reason for existing, Android's distinctive encryption frameworks are surveyed and their vulnerability to diverse assaults is examined in point of interest. Taking into account these outcomes a work process is exhibited, which bolsters organization of the Android stage and use of its encryption frameworks inside of security basic application situations. At long last, we demonstrate that our methodology is anything but difficult to introduce and arrange over all Android stages including cell telephones, tablets, and little journals as soon as possible for the greater part of the customary Android applications.

149-155
137

Title : HMI Architecture and Bluetooth Phonebook Design in Car Infotainment

Authors : Archana Bhat

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Abstract :

Abstract— Mobile devices are today a crucial part in many people’s lives. Whether its accessing emails, streaming music or managing contacts - such scenarios are now expected to be fully accessible and functional in automotive environ­ments. The automotive industry is a steadily growing market for Bluetooth technology, with Bluetooth enabled hands-free calling systems now included as standard equipment on millions of new cars and trucks. Safety concerns and new hands-free driving laws spurred the explosion in hands-free calling systems. Any driver doesn’t want to fiddle with his phone while driving, so you need some way to get the names and numbers of your contacts from the phone into your car's infotainment system where they can be safely browsed or used in voice commands. Phone Book Access Profile (PBAP) gives your car's hands-free system access to your phone's address book for syncing. To access the phone book, HMI (Human Machine Interface) is used as the car display in the head unit. This paper explains about the architecture of HMI used in car Infotainment and downloading the phone book stored in the mobile devices to the car radio through Bluetooth (BT) connection. It briefly explains the flow of information in the downloading process from the BT system side to HMI.

1-6
138

Title : Predictive Modelling of Osmotic Dehydration of Food Materials

Authors : Duduyemi Oladejo, Oluoti K.O, Adedeji K.A., Raji N.A.

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Abstract :

Abstract— During osmotic dehydration of food materials, water and/or other substances are removed from the material with molecular infiltration; shrinkage follows depending on the extent of net mass loss. Molecular diffusion is one of the generally accepted and necessary tools for finding simple predictive models that describe mass transfer across plant membranes. The mass transfer resistances across a semi-permeable medium were investigated with Fickian molecular diffusion model and a combined molecular and convective model. The effects of intercellular and trans-membrane resistances studied with two-parameter kinetic models described the behaviours of solute impregnation and dewatering processes of osmotic dehydration.  Predicted depth of solute impregnation in an imaginary food matrix was 4.0 mm with satisfactory deduction that combined molecular and convective model is a better description of the transport models. The solutions of the models also revealed that concentration gradient across the membranes depends linearly on process variables and the influences of membranous resistance were not negligible.

7-14
139

Title : Application of Osmotic Dehydration for Shelf Life Extension of Fresh Poultry Eggs

Authors : Duduyemi Oladejo, Ade-Omowaye B.I.O., Popoola Olabisi

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Abstract :

Abstract- This research work was aimed at applying osmotic dehydration which had suffice the treatment of agricultural produce especially fruits and vegetables with sustained organoleptic qualities. The effect of sucrose solution concentrations (16, 32, 42 and 54oBrix) at ambient temperatures of 30±2 oC for periods of 180min was investigated on fresh poultry eggs. Treated sample of eggs exposed to a worst scale of unstable environmental conditions 30±2 oC were monitored with candling and a control experiment in water glass solution. The investigation achieved extended shelf life of over 66 days without modifications to their internal and external structures, and taste using a six point hedonic scale. The effect of sucrose concentration and time of immersion were observed to be inversely dependent on effective periods of preservation of the poultry eggs by osmotic dehydration evaluated in percentage weight loss. 

15-19
140

Title : Security of Aggregated Data in Wireless Sensor Network

Authors : Surabhi Singhal

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Abstract :

Abstract— A Wireless Sensor Network can be defined as a group of sensors which are distributed spatially to monitor physical or spatial conditions such as temperature, volcano, fire monitoring, sound, urban sensing, pressure etc. In a large WSN, the data aggregation significantly reduces communication overhead and energy consumption. In order to pass data, although data in-network aggregation was used and it reduced the problem of communication overhead and transmission loss but failed in computing double-counting sensitive aggregates at the Base Station. The research community proposed synopsis diffusion to eliminate this problem but it did not helped in securing the network against the problem of attacks caused by the compromised nodes, resulting in the false  computation of aggregate. In this paper, synopsis diffusion is being made secure against the attacks by compromised nodes. To do so, an algorithm is being presented which can securely compute aggregates in the presence of such attacks. This algorithm is named as Attack-Resilient algorithm. The attack-resilient algorithm computes the true aggregate by filtering out the contributions of compromised nodes in the aggregation hierarchy.Extensive studies and performance analysis have shown that the proposed algorithm i.e. Attack-Resilient algorithm is more effective and outperforms other existing approaches.

20-24
141

Title : Cathodic Protection of Corroded Pre-stressing Tendon by CFRP Sheets

Authors : Astha Verma, Shweta Goyal

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Abstract :

Abstract— Reinforced concrete is one of the most commonly used construction materials in civil engineering but its durability problems have been obsessing people. The worst of these problems is caused by corrosion of steel in concrete which includes early deterioration of concrete infrastructures. Cathodic Protection is a reduction/elimination of corrosion by making the material a cathode by impressing a DC current. A new development in repair and rehabilitation of R.C structures is the use of carbon fibre reinforced polymers (CFRP) which provide a barrier layer that is expected to impede further corrosion of steel and prevents dislodging of concrete cover. The present paper describes the protection of the strand achieved by using surface bonded carbon FRP. The electrically conductive carbon fibre is used as anode while the pre-stressing tendon is used as cathode in the present active protection. Specimens were exposed to highly corrosive environment for specified time. It is observed that the active protection technique is very effective in retarding the corrosion of strand.

25-28
142

Title : High Security of Data in Cloud Computing

Authors : Deepak Kumar

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Abstract :

Abstract— Now a days, large scale distributed systems such as cloud computing applications are becoming increasingly popular. But the challenges with these applications like transferring, storing and computation of data have to be dealt with. The most prevalent distributed file systems to deal with these challenges are the Hadoop File System (HDFS) which is a variant of the Google File System (GFS). However HDFS has two potential problems. The first one is that it depends on a single name node to manage almost all operations of every data block in the file system. As a result it can be a bottleneck resource and a single point of failure. The second potential problem with HDFS is that it depends on TCP to transfer data. As has been cited in many studies TCP takes many rounds before it can send at the full capacity of the links in the cloud. This results in low link utilization and longer download times. Our work develops a mechanism of Triple security which uses a light weight front end server to connect all requests with many name nodes. Our work proposes a new distributed file system which will overcome these problems of HDFS. 

29-32
143

Title : A Practical Study For a New Measuring Tool For EHV Bus Bar Fault Detection

Authors : Ali M. El-Rifaie, Rania M. Sharkawy, Sherif Haggag

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Abstract :

Abstract— This paper introduces both theoretical and practical application of the Cos-Sin fault detection technique with EHV busbars. A digital relay with multiple operating criteria is being implemented based on the Cos-Sin technique. The relay is being theoretically tested on the 500 KV unified Egyptian network where the grid simulation is done using ATP whereas the technique was programmed by the Matlab. On the other hand, the relay is being practically tested against different fault cases on a constructed lab model of a simple network with typical parameters to the actual grid while the protection mechanism was loaded on the LabVIEW. The simulation results indicate the capability of the Cos-Sin based relay for the detection and discrimination of all types of busbar faults besides differentiating between close up faults and bus ones.

33-38
144

Title : Analysis of Direct Torque Controlled Techniques for Induction Motor Drives with Two Level Inverter

Authors : Abhishek Verma, Yogesh Kumar Chauhan

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Abstract :

Abstract— The objective of the present work is to obtain the reduced torque ripples, harmonics distortion. Duty Ratio Control has been developed to improve the torque performance and to obtain the voltage space vector required to compensate the flux and torque errors. In conventional Direct Torque Control (DTC), the selection of flux linkage and electromagnetic torque errors are made within the respective flux and torque hysteresis bands, in order to obtain fast torque response, low inverter switching frequency and low harmonic losses. However, DTC drives utilizing hysteresis comparators suffer from high torque ripple and variable switching frequency. As in duty ratio control technique, instead of applying a voltage vector for the entire switching period, it is applied for a portion of the switching period and the zero switching state is applied for the rest of the period the ripples is considerably reduced. In this paper the simulation of different DTC schemes (Conventional DTC and Duty Ratio Control DTC) has been carried out using MATLAB/SIMULINK and the results are compared.

39-44
145

Title : G2C Factor Based Rating System

Authors : Basavaraju S, Dr. J Meenakumari

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Abstract :

The development of the city where citizens are living in, is important in all aspects.  The standard of the city can be evaluated on various factors and services which the citizens of that city enjoy.  The system helps citizens to rate their cities and location on various factors.  These ratings given by the citizens of that area will help government bodies to allocate the budget and resources for those areas where there is a high need. The system taking into account various factors like General Cleanliness, Public Parks, Drainage System, Availability of dust bins, Availability of essential services, Rain water harvesting, Availability and maintenance of footpaths, Road conditions, Constructions and maintenance of bus stops and auto stands, Availability and maintenance of health centers which allows citizens to rate their experience on number scale for these factors.  The average rating for each factor will be calculated on the basis of category wise, district wise, area wise, gender wise and age wise.  Based on these average rating the overall rating area will be decided.  The area which score low in overall rating will be given a priority by government bodies for allocation of budgets and resources. By giving a proper user name and password the registered citizens can log into the system and rate their cities on category wise by providing valid identification number which is provided by the government like voterid, adhar card number, pan card etc. 

45-48
146

Title : Human Interactions Recognition using Bag of Words

Authors : R.Newlinshebiah, S.P.Sivasubbu, V.Sivasankar

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Abstract :

A video surveillance system can be defined as a technological tool that assists humans by providing an extended perception and capability of capturing interesting activities in the monitored scene. This paper describes a methodology for automated recognition of one to one human interactions such as handshake, kicking and hugging. The frame work consists of background subtraction followed by feature extraction (Speed Up Robust Features) and action classification using SVM classifier. It is computationally efficient and invariant to occlusion, lightning. The method produces good categorization accuracy and precision. Human behaviour recognition has various applications such as human-computer interfaces; content based video retrieval, Visual monitoring & surveillance.

49-52
147

Title : Digital Beam Forming Using Software Defined Radio Based Adaptive Algorithm

Authors : P. Ragasudha, B. R. Vikram, K. Sridhar

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Abstract :

This paper presents the development of an Adaptive Digital Beam Forming (ADBF) application on Software Defined Radio Platform using Open Source GNU Radio software. Adaptive beam formers for sensor arrays are widely used in RADAR, SONAR and communications applications. This is to increase the directivity of the sensor system to the target, while suppressing the interfering signals having a direction of arrival different from that of a desired signal. Array beam forming techniques can yield multiple beams that are simultaneously available. The beams can be made to have controlled beam width or high gain and low side lobe levels.Beam-forming techniques dynamically adjust the array pattern to optimize some characteristic of the received signal. Antenna arrays using beam-forming techniques can reject interfering signals having a direction of arrival different from that of desired signal. The principal reason of interest is their ability to automatically steer nulls into undesired sources of interferences, thereby reducing output noise and enhancing the detection of desired signal. Beam forming and beam scanning are generally accomplished by phasing the feed to each element of an array so that signals received from all the elements will be in phase in particular direction. Digital beam forming is thus a powerful technique for boosting the antenna performance. The work reported in this paper is purely a software based approach where all the waveform-specific processing is implemented on host CPU. The results supporting the presented work are furnished in this paper.

53-58
148

Title : Cloud Security using Blowfish and Key Management Encryption Algorithm

Authors : B.Thimma Reddy, K.Bala Chowdappa, S.Raghunath Reddy

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Abstract :

In the present days security is the major goal in all applications. For securing data in cloud computing there are lot of techniques available. Various disadvantages in cloud are like security, data protection, network security, privacy concerns and are also prone to a variety of attacks like Denial of Service, IP spoofing etc. To overcome these attacks, we can use authentication, authorization, access control and encryption techniques. A user can access cloud services as a utility service and begin to use them almost instantly. The fact that services are accessible any where any time lead to several risks. Some of the concerns are lack of confidentiality, integrity and authentication among the users of cloud and service providers. Main goal of my proposal is to provide security in cloud and protecting the data transmitted through various secure channels by providing security using encryption. The cryptographic algorithms like DES, AES, GOST 28147-89, CAST, RC6, SERPENT, and TWOFISH can be adopted for the optimization of data security in cloud computing.

59-62
149

Title : Deplorable Message Refining system from OSN User Timeline

Authors : Shubham Yelne, Swati Dalne, Rupali Tomar

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Abstract :

The main drawback of Online Social Networking (OSN) services is the lack of privacy for the user’s own private space. The users can’t have the access to direct control to prevent the undesired messages posted on their own private walls. The propose  system allowing OSN users to have a direct control on the messages posted on their walls.The main task of this system is the content based filtering and short text classifier.A system that allows users to customize the filtering criteria to be applied to their walls.

63-66
150

Title : Thermal performance analysis of EAHE with and without fins arrangements

Authors : Rahul Rathee, Dr. Atul lanjewar

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Abstract :

An Earth air heat exchanger(EAHE) uses  the earth as the thermal source and sink for economical, energy efficient, space heating and cooling. The temperature of earth at a certain depth about 4m the  temperature  of  ground  remains nearly constant throughout the year.This  constant temperature is called the undisturbed temperature of earth  which  remains  higher than the outside temperature  in  winter  and  lower  than  the  outside temperature in summer.When air is passing throught buried pipes it will become hot in winter and cold in summer as compared to outside temperature.EAHE generally uses for passive heating or cooling.This paper presents effect of temperature drop or rise due to fins in horizontal arrangement. In this paper comparsion of COP v/s Reynolds number,temp difference v/s Reynolds number and Nusselt number v/s  Reynolds number will be done.

67-71
151

Title : Disperse and Cationic Dyeable Tertiary Polyblend Fibres of Polypropylene: Cationic Dyeable Polyester: Polystyrene

Authors : M.D.Teli, P.V. Desai

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Abstract :

Polypropylene (PP) based polyblend fibres are made disperse and cationic dyeable by melt blending PP with cationic dyeable polyester (CDPET) and polystyrene (PS). The polyblend fibres were characterized for their thermal, mechanical and dyeability properties. Thermal analysis showed that the blend fibres are formed with reduced crystallinity favouring the dyeability of the fibres. The polyblend fibres were evaluated for disperse and cationic dyeing. The disperse dyeability increased in the range of 1050 to 1300%, while cationic dyeability in the range of 1300 to 1700% with excellent wash and light fastness. The increase in dyeability with respect to changes in the internal structure of the fibres is studied and optimal level of blending was predicted keeping in view of tenacity and thermal stability of melt blend fibres. 

72-75
152

Title : Result of Digital Image Sharing By Diverse Image Media

Authors : Mayuri Sonkusare, Prof. Nitin Janwe

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Abstract :

A natural-image-based VSS scheme (NVSS scheme) that shares secret images. A natural-image-based secret image sharing scheme (NSISS) that can share a color secret image over n - 1 arbitrary natural images and one noise-like share image. Instead of altering the contents of the natural images, the encryption process extracts feature images from each natural image. In order to protect the secret image from transmission phase. (n, n) - NVSS scheme shared secret image over n-1 natural share. The natural shares will be digital image and printed image. By extracting the features of natural shares we can prepare noise-like share. After that encryption carried out with noise-like share and secret image. Propose possible ways to hide the noise like share to reduce the transmission risk problem for the share. In this paper Initially Feature Extraction process has been performed for Natural Shares. Here Digital image and Printed image have been used as Natural Shares. With that extracted features secret image will be encrypted by (n, n) - NVSS scheme where process carried by (n-1) natural shares. This Encrypted result will be hided using Share-Hiding Algorithm where generated the QR code. In the Recovering of the secret image will be done by Share Extraction Algorithm and also decryption algorithm. Finally the secret image with all pixels has been obtained. This proposed possible ways to hide the noise like share to reduce the transmission risk problem for the share.

76-78
153

Title : River Morphology and Riparian Vegetation at the Tributary of Seongdong, Korea

Authors : Man Kyu Huh, Byoung-Ki Choi

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Abstract :

The purpose of this study is to investigate river morphology, riparian vegetation, and water quality on the tributary of Seongdong River in Korea during four seasons. There were not significant differences for river structure according to the river morphology and river naturality according to the environment of river at three regions (upper, middle and low areas). The portion of BOD and COD in the river increased exponentially along the upper-down gradient. The surveyed region was a total of 57 taxa, including 23 families, 50pecies, and 7varieties. Naturalized plants were 18species.

79-84
154

Title : Modified Non-Local Means De-noising With Patch and Edge Patch Based Dictionaries

Authors : Rachita Shrivastav, Prof. Varsha Namdeo, Dr. Tripti Arjariya

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Abstract :

Digital image processing remains a challenging domain  of programming.  All  digital  images  contain  some  degree  of noise.  Often  times  this  noise  is  introduced  by  the  camera when a picture is taken. Image denoising algorithms attempt to remove this noise from the image. In this paper the method for image denoising based on the nonlocal means (NL-means) algorithm has been implemented and results have been developed   using   matlab   coding.   The   algorithm,   called nonlocal means (NLM), uses concept of Self-Similarity. Also images taken from the digital media like digital camera and the image taken from the internet have been compared. The image that is taken from the internet has got aligned pixel than the image taken from digital media. Experimental results are given to demonstrate the superior denoising performance of the     NL-means denoising technique over various image denoising benchmarks.

85-88
155

Title : Water Pollution in Balochistan Province of Pakistan

Authors : Safoora Kanwa, Muhammad Kamran Taj, Shagufta saddozai, Imran Taj, Ferhat Abbas, Zafar Ahmed, Abdul Samad, Irfan Shahzad Sheikh, Muhammad Zahid Mustafa, Zohra Samreen, Taj Muhammad Hassani

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Abstract :

Water pollution is one of the main environmental issues in Balochistan. This serious environment issue leads to many deaths in Balochistan. In most of the places of Balochistan clean and safe water is now totally converted to polluted water. Drinking water sources, both surface and groundwater are contaminated with coliforms, toxic metals and pesticides throughout the Balochistan. Various drinking water quality parameters set by WHO are frequently violated. Human activities like improper disposal of municipal and industrial effluents and indiscriminate applications of agrochemicals in agriculture are the main factors contributing to the deterioration of water quality. Microbial and chemical pollutants are the main factors responsible exclusively or in combination for various public health problems. People of these areas are drinking polluted water due to unavailability of clean water. Drinking of polluted water can causes major health disease. Major diseases connected with polluted drinking water in Balochistan are diarrhea, gastroenteritis, typhoid, cryptosporidium infections, giardiasis intestinal worms, some strains of hepatitis and infant deaths are caused by waterborne diarrhea in Balochistan.

89-90
156

Title : Some Classications of Ditopological Texture Spaces via Cardinal Functions

Authors : Kadirhan Polat, Tamer Ugur

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Abstract :

In this paper we study under which conditions equality of some pairs of dicardinal functions such as weight-coweight and densification-codensification, holds. We obtain some useful results on “bounds of S", the set P of all p-sets and the set Q of all q-sets by choosing the class of all ditopological texture spaces or the subclass satisfying axiom T0.

91-94
157

Title : Simulation & Performance Evaluation of Optimal LEACH Subject to other Protocols in Wireless Sensor Network

Authors : Miss. Priyanka k kharalkar, Dr. Sudhir Akojwar

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Abstract :

Advance wireless sensor network (WSN) technology is Low- power electronics and Low-power radio frequency design has enabled the development of small, relatively inexpensive & low-power sensor technology. The important challenges in design of network are three key resource1) Energy 2) Communication bandwidth 3)coverage area . LEACH (Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchical) is a hierarchical clustering algorithm. It is more efficient than proactive n reactive protocol. LEACH  protocol have some disadvantage. To overcome disadvantage we improved LEACH protocol by using optimal path forwarding algorithm and multihop technique i.e O-LEACH protocol. O-LEACH is more efficient than LEACH protocol and it uses static deployment technique. The paper is concluded by mentioning valuable observations made from analysis of results about  AODV and LEACH and Optimal LEACH  protocols.

95-98
158

Title : 3D Modeling of Temperature Distribution for Absorber Tube of Parabolic Trough Collector

Authors : Mya Mya Mon, Myat Myat Soe, Maw Maw Htay

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Abstract :

Solar Parabolic Trough Collectors (PTCs) are currently used for the production of electricity and applications with relatively higher temperature. In this work, temperature distribution of absorber tube for fluid flow in a parabolic trough collector is studied. Three dimensional temperature distribution of the absorber tube due to uniform heat flux is analyzed by numerically. This heat flux is determined based on 21st December of Mandalay which has the tropical climate in Upper Myanmar. Soltrace software is used to check the theoretical results of heat flux. Three types of fluid are used as heat transfer fluid and simulations are carried out k-ε model using Computational Fluid Dynamics CFD, COMSOL Multiphysics® 4.3b, for constant flow rate of fluid. It is observed that fluid is higher in temperature at the exit end of absorber tube with fluid flow rate of 0.5 m/s and solar flux condition of 938 W/m2.

99-103
159

Title : Rainwater harvesting (RWH) potential assessment for micro-watersheds in highly urbanized city using geo-spatial techniques

Authors : Pinak Ranade, Y.B. Katpatal

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Abstract :

Rapid growth of cities across the world is leading to heavy pressure on water resources with many urban centers facing crisis in water supply. Still, the water quality supplied is not-potable, services are irregular, water wastage is high, with much of the poor strata not having access to piped water, and corporations do not collect the funds needed for maintenance and operation. To address this crisis, many urban centers are investing in expensive water supply rehabilitation and expansion projects, often with the assistance of the World Bank and other agencies. However, little is being done to protect the sources of water. Urban watersheds and their biodiversity are being degraded by uncontrolled use, resulting in poorer water quality; threats to human health, seasonal water shortages & aquifers are being polluted and depleted. As the water crisis continues to become severe, there is a dire need of reform in water management system and revival of traditional systems. Scientific & technological studies need to be carried out to assess present status so as to suggest suitable mitigative measures for the revival to traditional system/wisdom. Revival process should necessarily be backed by people's initiative and active public participation. In order to properly manage the changing conditions, knowledge and estimation of the available resources and applying their relation with the population is of utmost importance. The paper deals with extraction of such information with the help of spatial techniques. This paper deals with estimation of the amount of rainwater harvesting potential for micro watersheds of Nag river watershed using geo-spatial techniques. 

1-3
160

Title : Expanding Margins: Reclaiming Aviation Grade Lubrication Oils

Authors : Wg Cdr Asheesh Shrivastava, Dr Yogita Khare

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Abstract :

The aviation industry is governed by very well defined maintenance philosophies. Concurrently, strictly complaint technical procedures/ practices are hallmark of this industry. Therefore, very high quality and costly lubricants are required to support aircraft operations. Oil is used primarily as lubricants, power transmitters and coolants in aircrafts. Further, due to flight safety considerations, the change-over period for oils are very well defined and strictly complied. Reclamation/ recycling of used oil are an accepted fact worldwide in automobile industry. The reverse supply chain starts at the repair depots/ workshops and ensure safe collection/ transportation of used oil back to a central warehouse/ reclamation plant where it is re-processed. In the aviation sector, there is a value proposition which can generate ancillary revenue, by reclaiming the used/ waste oil. It is estimated that the Scheduled Domestic carriers consumed (or re-charged) over one lakh liters of lubricant (hydraulic and engine) oil for 9.35 lakh hrs of cumulative flying done in year 2013. The consumption pattern of engine oil/ hydraulic oil can be estimated on flying hours basis. These figures can be used to project the recoverable quantities of oil at 75% efficiency using existing technologies. This paper discusses this unique possibility by conceptualizing a reverse supply chain model for collection/ transportation of used aviation oil. Various technical procedures, relevant literature and various case studies on handling waste oil were reviewed to develop the basic framework for the Reverse Supply Chain model.

4-8
161

Title : Design of Hybrid Photonic Crystal Fiber for Low Confinement Loss and Dispersion Shifted Fiber

Authors : Rahul Kumar Meena, Himanshu Joshi, Ramesh Bharti, Khushbu Sharma

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Abstract :

A new kind of zero order dispersion with Hexagonal structure and triangular lattice photonic crystal fiber of different air-hole diameters in cladding region is projected and the dispersion is investigated employing a compact 3-D finite distinction frequency domain method with the anisotropic perfectly matched layers (PML) absorbing boundary conditions. The proposed result is through numerical simulation and optimizing the geometrical parameters like by changing the diameter of holes (d) for photonic crystal fibers in triangular lattice structure. After analyzing all the result, it has been demonstrated that it is possible to obtain zero dispersion at 1.55µm wavelength which lies in the wavelength range of 1.53 to 1.65 μm with low confinement losses from a six ring into which ring are designed as elliptic and circular. The best choice of material for the designing purpose is silica material, which has refractive index 1.458.

9-12
162

Title : Design of an Elliptical hybrid cladding Borosilicate PCF for Flattened Dispersion and Confinement Loss

Authors : Kriti Parashar, Himanshu Joshi, Ramesh Bharti, Khushbu Sharma

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Abstract :

The photonic crystal fibres (PCF) are more better than conventional optical fiber. In this paper we proposed a new design of photonic crystal fiber using borosilicate material. Triangular lattice is used with linear and elliptical waveguide in cladding. The PCF are very useful for optical transmission. For better transmission, ultra flattened dispersion or near to zero dispersion is desirable. Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) method and transparent boundary condition (TBC) is used to evaluate the dispersion property in a high-index core PCF. Through reproduction and optimizing the PCF, we find that the projected photonic crystal fibres give flattened dispersion in wavelength range of 0.5μm to 2.0 μm. This method produced best result at third attenuation coordinate (1.55μm) over 1.4 μm to 1.8 μm wavelength range and found the dispersion and ultra flattened that has better performance than conventional photonic crystal. PCF can be used as a dispersion compensating fiber in optical window with high potential.

13-15
163

Title : Numerical Flow Analysis of an Axial Flow Pump

Authors : Aung Kyaw Soe, Zin Ei Ei Win, Myat Myat Soe

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Abstract :

This paper describes the detailed study of fluid flows in an axial pump that includes impeller and guide vanes. And the comparisons of flow simulations of the axial pump impeller with guide vanes and without guide vanes are carried out in this paper. In addition to this, the effect of number of guide blades on flow behaviours is analysed numerically. The computational results are performed by using one of CFD commercial software, Solidworks Flow Simulation. The input design data of the model pump are the flow rate of 0.2m3, head of 3m and the rotational speed of 1160 rpm. The outer and inner diameter of impeller is 0.3m and 0.15m respectively. . And the impeller with four blades is used in this paper. The guide blade number is varied to 5,7,9  with the same input data and other geometric parameters keep constant. In this study, the nature of velocities and pressures in an axial flow pump is analysed. The comparisons are averaged flow velocities, static pressure rise, dynamic pressure and total pressure. 

16-21
164

Title : High Speed AES Cipher Engine

Authors : Ms.Anuradha Balasubramaniam

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Abstract :

For secure data transmission cryptographic algorithms are used for many applications. This paper introduces optimized hardware implementation of area and speed improvement for the block cipher Advanced Encryption Standard (AES-128) using Field Programmable Graphic Array (FPGA). As AES has four transformations among them sub-byte and mix-column transformation are key challenges to implement in terms of area and speed. In this research proposes new method of mix-column transformation which uses logical shift and Xor operation. This hardware implementation achieves  the maximum clock frequency of 188.893 MHz is, in feedback encryption modes and uses less number of slices 427.

22-25
165

Title : Growth, Structural and Micro hardness studies of KSbF4 and K2SbF5 crystals

Authors : C. Besky Job, R. Shabu, S. Paulraj

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Abstract :

Interest in Potassium Fluoro Antimonate crystals has been increased for the last four decades due its superionic conduction and its unusual electro-optic properties. Potassium tetra fluoro antimonate (KSbF4) and Potassium penta fluoro antimonite (K2SbF5) crystals have been grown by slow evaporation method. KSbF4 crystallizes into orthorhombic structure with a space group Pmmn. K2SbF5 belongs to orthorhombic crystal system with a space group Cmcm.  Micro indentation analysis on these crystals indicates that they are moderately softer substances. Both crystals revealed reverse indentation size effect (RISE). Variation of stiffness constant with load has been discussed. Yield strength for KSbF4 and K2SbF5 crystals have been found out as 16.72 and 16.941 MPa respectively. 

26-29
166

Title : Analysis of Regenerative System in Steam Power Plant

Authors : S. Naga Raju, Dr. N. Hari Babu, P. Dilip Kumar

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Abstract :

The development of any country directly relates on capital energy consumption. The demand for power generation on the large scale is increasing day by day. Owing to their major contribution towards power production, thermal power plants have a vital role to play in the development of nation. Due to the scarcity of power, every power plant needs to be operated at maximum level of efficiency. In case of thermal power plants this applies equally to all its auxiliaries. The feed water heaters form a part of the regenerative system to increase the overall thermal efficiency of the plant. In the operation and maintenance of a power plant the feed water heaters are virtually neglected compared with other components. To realize the effect of feed water heating and an attempt is made in this project work to find the improvement in cycle efficiency due to FWH. 

39-44
167

Title : Development of Computer Aided Management for Grain Reception at Grain Storage Silos in Nigeria

Authors : Olorunfemi B.J, Adejuyigbe S.B., Adekunle A.A.

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Abstract :

Modern grain storage and preservation system requires scientific and technologically skills, hence the need to incorporate the principles of good management starting from entrance of grain to the storage silos or warehouse and their release. Computer Aided Design (CAD) and Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM) is the integration of computers into the design and production process to improve productivity. In order to reduce to minimum level the menace of grain- product losses as it affects farmers in Nigeria, this research had made use of CAD/CAPP to solve operational and management problems associated with grain reception procedures at the National Strategic Grain Reserve program of the Federal Government of Nigeria. Computer aided management system was developed to minimize time wasted during grain reception at the 12 operational silo complexes of the Federal Government of Nigeria. Queue theory was employed to monitor the time of inter- arrival, arrival, waiting and length time of grain. The modules were coded in Pre– processor Hypertext higher programming language using Dreamweaver platform and Structural Query Language as database management system. Losses were recorded during the reception and release of grain out of the National Strategic Grains Silo Complexes in Nigeria. These losses are enormous as a result of poor and manual handlings and other human factors. The results showed that introduction of Grain Storage Monitoring Software (GSMS) to grain arrival and reception management would reduce the waiting time from 10.hrs to 1.9hrs, while queue theory analysis showed that timely servicing of suppliers of grains and food materials to the Government warehouses and silos would ensure no time loss.

45-49
168

Title : Intelligent Vision Based Pneumatic Wall Painting Machine an ANN Approach

Authors : Dr. S. K. Rajesh Kanna, N. Anand, R. Mohanraj

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Abstract :

Painting the wall is normally done manually, which is very difficult and troublesome for humans to work in an upright position and also very dangerous for eyes and skin. Due to fatigue and surrounding environment, painting might not even all over the wall. To overcome these difficulties, an intelligent pneumatic wall painting machine has been designed and fabricated using vision and neural system. The machine has the arm which can extend up to 25 feet by carrying the pneumatic spray gun. The camera in the arm captures the image of the wall and the obtained image has been processed and gives as the input to the trained artificial neural network. The output from the network is used to control the pneumatic pressure supplied to the air gun. A part from the automatic control, manual control switches are also used for the operation. Thus the developed intelligent machine is a low cost machine with automatic and manual control for perfectly painting the wall with reduced human fatigue, time and paint, even with an un uniformly painted wall.

30-32
169

Title : Heavy metals removal from watercourses by low cost natural Tunisian material Environmental protection

Authors : L. Aloui, F. Ayari, A. Ben Othman, M. Trabelsi-Ayadi

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Abstract :

Clays mineral, especially smectite type, are widely used as barriers in landfills to avoid pollution of subsoil and groundwater by leachates containing heavy metals. Hence it is important to study the adsorption of metals by these kinds of clays since it’s a low cost material and frequently presented in nature; accordingly many researchers pinpoint their interest to apply this material as adsorbent to reduce heavy metals from wastewater. In this investigation, we have tried to evaluate adsorption properties of local clay, denoted ArB, collected from south of Tunisia (Stah Gafsa), to remove lead and cadmium from aqueous solution. This clay was tested at the first time to remove heavy metals for environmental protection. First of all clay was purified and characterized by several physico-chemical methods. Results approve the general smectite group of the sample with fraction of illite and kaolinite. The adsorptive properties of purified sample, Na-enriched smectite denoted ArP, in cadmium and lead annoying aqueous environment were studied in a batch adsorption system. It was found that the amount of adsorption of metal ion increased with the initial solution pH, metal ion concentration, and contact time, and with the amount of adsorbent. Adsorption isotherm show an apparent selectivity with the following order: Pb2+> Cd2+. The percentage of ion removal by ArP in certain experimental conditions can reach 98% for cadmium and 57% for lead.

33-38
170

Title : Coagulation and Flocculation of Industrial Wastewater by Chitosan

Authors : Dr L.Nageswara Rao

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Abstract :

While Textile Effluent is discarding in to the nearby water bodies becomes a significant threat to Environment mostly to the aquatic life. The objectionable properties like turbidity, strong color, strong odor, toxicity and alkalinity etc. Coagulation and flocculation is simple and rapid technique. This is most often used pretreatment technique to treat the effluent. Aluminum sulfate (alum), ferrous sulfate, ferric chloride and ferric chloro-sulfate were commonly used as coagulants. However, a possible link of Alzheimer’s disease with conventional aluminum based coagulants has become an issue in wastewater treatment. Hence, special attention has shift towards using biodegradable polymer, chitosan in treatment, which are more environmental friendly. Moreover, chitosan is natural organic polyelectrolyte of high molecular weight and high charge density which obtained from deacetylation of chitin. The experiment was carried out on textile industry wastewater by varying the operating parameters, which are chitosan dosage, pH and mixing time in order to study their effect in flocculation process by using chitosan. 

50-52
171

Title : A Control Technique for Unification of DG Units to the electrical network Using Fuzzy Logic Controller

Authors : Yeluri Naresh, Dr.G.Sambasiva Rao

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Abstract :

This paper proposes with a control method for unification of distributed generation resources using fuzzy logic controller to the utility grid.The theme is to reduce total harmonic distortion  reduction using fuzzy logic controller in utility grid while delivering to non linear loads. The proposed method provides compensation for active power  reactive power and harmonic load current during connection of distributed generation resources to the utility grid. The method of proposed system is first viewed in stationary reference frame then transformed in to  the synchronous orthogonal reference frame. The transformed variables are used to control the voltage source converter as heart of interfacing between DG resources and utility grid.matlab simulink model of the system is done using fuzzy logic controller.Simulation results based on total harmonic distortion reduction evenly presented

53-59
172

Title : A Survey on the Allocation of Grid Resources Using Evolutionary Algorithms

Authors : T.Kokilavani, R.Raja Priya

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Abstract :

Grid computing is a in grid environments. The optimal use of task scheduling increases the efficiency, throughput, and decrease the average turnaround time. This paper surveys, the evolutionary part of distributed computing which distributes the tasks to a network of computers linked together to offer preeminent computational resource. Task  Scheduling is more important in the acquisition of high consumption of resources in the arena of grid computing and attaining consumption of resources task scheduling algorithm in grid computing that will benefit for the researchers to carry out the future work in that area and develop a better algorithm.

60-63
173

Title : On Interest Rate Option Pricing with Jump Processes

Authors : Kisoeb Park, Seki Kim

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Abstract :

In this study, we investigate the pricing of interest rate options in three arbitrage-free models with jump process which are Vasicek and Cox-Ingersoll-Ross (CIR) models of stochastic interest rate and Heath-Jarrow-Morton (HJM) model for stochastic forward rate. Solutions of Hull and White (HW) type model with jump are derived directly using a system of differential equations and the relationship between short rate and forward rate processes which is obtained under the extended restrictive condition on jump and volatility can be used to have the formula of bond price. We also analyse the option values of three proposed jump models obtained by Monte Carlo simulations.

64-67
174

Title : A Novel Strategic Approcah for Dg Location Considering Security Issues

Authors : Sankara Venkata Sudeep, Mrs. V. Sarayu

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Abstract :

In this paper, a novel strategic approach is proposed to locate distributed generation (DG) in the primary distribution network under (N-1) line outage security criterion. The static voltage stability margin (VSM) using continuation power flow (CPF) is determined for each line outage condition and based on corresponding reduced VSM is considered as a criterion for line outage ranking. The critical bus is selected for DG location under worst line contingency condition. Using repeated power flow (RPF) approach, the DG value is increased up to network becomes normal state. At this stage, the TVAC-PSO algorithm is implemented to optimize system voltage profile and so loss minimization. The proposed approach is tested on standard IEEE test systems and is found to be very effective in identifying the suitable location and size of DG for voltage stability margin enhancement. 

68-73
175

Title : Effects of Parameters on the Extraction Yield of Acid Orange10 by ELM from an aqueous solution. Application of Plackett-Burman Design

Authors : Lynda Bahloul, Djenouhat Meriem, Farida Bendebane, Hazem Meradi, Fadhel Ismail

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Abstract :

The main objective of this study was to optimize the parameters that influence the extraction of a cationic dye acid orange 10 (C16H10N2Na2O7S2) from an aqueous solution, by an emulsified liquid membrane (ELM) consisting of Aliquat336 as the extractant, Span80 as the surfactant and cyclohexane as the diluents. The internal phase used was sulphuric acid.  The extraction process parameters were studied using a statistical method of experimental Plackett-Burman design. Effects of parameters on the extraction yield were analyzed statistically and a mathematical model of the yield according to different parameters was developed, Main effects were studied and levels of all parameters correspondent to the best yield were determined. The concentration of span80 and the acidity of the internal, the composition and the proportion of the membrane were the most important factors for the extraction yield of AO10. Under optimized operator conditions deduced from main effects, a validation of the model was carried out; the extraction yields given by the polynomial models according to the coded and uncoded parameters and the extraction yields obtained experimentally, were very close comparatively.

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176

Title : Inhibitive effect of alcoholic extract of Pergularia daemia on corrosion of mild steel in hydrochloric acid solution

Authors : Gajendra singh, S. K. Arora, S. P. Mathur, Renu Parashar

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Abstract :

Green inhibitors are widely used due to their comparative advantage over other means of corrosion control and prevention. The inhibition efficiency of Pergularia daemia extract on the corrosion of mild steel in hydrochloric acid solution was measured by mass loss and thermometric method in the presence and in absence of inhibitor. It is concluded that the inhibition efficiency increased with the increase in inhibitor concentration. The investigation showed optimal inhibition efficiency up to 94.16% and can safely be used without pollution and any toxic effect. 

79-83
177

Title : Fault Classification of Three-Phase Transmission Network using Genetic Algorithm

Authors : Majid Jamil, Sanjeev Kumar Sharma, D. K. Chaturvedi

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Abstract :

The present paper proposes a very simple method for fault sorting of three-phase transmission line, which is based upon the wavelet transform and Genetic Algorithm. Three phase currents of only one end are measured and features are extracted using discrete wavelet transform. These features are then used as inputs to the genetic algorithm. The training data set for genetic algorithm is obtained by simulating the ten different types of faults using various values of fault inception angles and fault resistances, so that the accurate results can be obtained. The proposed genetic algorithm employs twenty inputs and only one output for classifying the faults. The uniqueness of the proposed method is that all the features, inputs used in developing the algorithm are normalized, so that the method can be used for any system without any substantial changes. The simulation of the three-phase transmission line network and wavelet transform analysis are achieved in the tool boxes of MATLAB® and genetic algorithm codes are also written in MATLAB®.

84-88
178

Title : Nano aqua citrates as Biogenic Chemical Elements: Optimization of the Macrolophus nubilus h.-s. Trophicity in the Artificial Biotechnical System

Authors : Mykola S. Moroz, Mykola F. Starodub, Viktor I. Maksin

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Abstract :

It was described the results of studies of the effect of the nano aqua citrates of germanium, selenium and zinc on the embryogenesis, postembryonic development, female fertility and vitality in the period of maturity and the reproduction of Masrolophus nubilis H.-S. It was experimentally proved the possibility of a full-value reproduction of local zoological cultures of such predatory as Macrolophus nubilis HS on artificial diet (with the addition of the above mentioned nano aqua citrates).

89-92
179

Title : On The Periodic Solutions of Certain Fifth Order Nonlinear Vector Differential Equations

Authors : Melike Karta

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Abstract :

The purpose of this paper is to  show that under some sufficient conditions of equation (1.1) have no periodic solution other than the trivial solution.

93-96
180

Title : Endogenous Bacteria of Tuber aestivum Ascocarps are Potential Biocontrol Agents of Microbial Post-harvest Deterioration of Truffles

Authors : Neila Saidi, Shweta Deshaware, Ilef Ben Romdhane, Matab Nadim, Heikki Ojamo, Robert Kremer, Salem Shamekh

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Abstract :

Most previous investigations of microbial interactions with truffle have been conducted within the soil environment and have not considered effects on post-harvested truffles. After harvest, truffles spoil easily and quickly within 4 days.  This study evaluated the efficacy of bacteria isolated from fresh Tuber aestivum fruits ascocarps as biocontrol agents against the bacteria and fungi responsible for spoiling truffle fruit. Effects of acetic acid (12 %-v/v) and citric acid (10%-w/v) as inhibitors of isolated spoilage bacteria were also tested. An antagonism test between microbes extracted from unspoiled truffle microorganisms was performed against microbes responsible for spoilage of truffle fruits. Spoilage bacteria were identified. Truffle fruits immersed in a supernatant from antagonistic bacteria culture medium contributed to non-spoilage and resulting in storage of fruit at room temperature for more than two weeks without spoilage development. In addition, acetic acid (12 %-v/v) inhibited all tested spoilage bacteria. However citric acid (10%-w/v) had no inhibitory effect on spoilage bacteria. The results showed a high rate of antifungal activity among the bacterial isolates, indicating that truffle may be a common source for selection of microorganisms with important biotechnological potential, and may be useful for further biocontrol of food, plant, and soil-borne pathogenic bacteria and fungi.

97-106
181

Title : Effect of Bagging on Shiranuhi Mandarin Fruit Quality during Growth and Storage

Authors : Doo-Gyung Moon, Sang-Woog Ko, Sung-Gap Han, Chun-Hwan Kim, Chang-Kyu Lim, Jae-Ho Joa

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Abstract :

Soluble solids content and acidity are major determinants of fruit taste in citrus. It has been observed that fruit from top-grafted trees retain higher acidity than on-root stock in ‘Shiranuhi’ mandarin [(C. unshiu x C. sinensis) x C. reticulata]. In order to identify cultural practices that affect acidity in ‘Shiranuhi’ mandarin, we tested the effect of cover (fruit bagging) on fruit quality(size; soluble solids; acidity) from 50 days after anthesis, to 90 days postharvest in 7-8 year-old ‘Shiranuhi’ mandarin trees secondary grafted onto satsuma mandarin scaffolds on trifoliate orange rootstocks. Transverse diameter and longitudinal length were smallest in fruit covered with the black printed paper. No differences were observed between treatments in soluble solids content, but acidity in fruit juice was higher in non-bagged controls from 95 days after anthesis to 90 days postharvest. Citric and malic acid content was highest in the control at 125 days after anthesis. Mean temperature was 0.3-0.7℃ higher than ambient in fruit bags during fruit maturation. These results suggest higher temperature during growth and ripening may be responsible for lowered acidity in bagged ‘Shiranuhi’ mandarin fruit.

107-111
182

Title : Analysis of Various Graph Layout Approaches Used in GUESS Software

Authors : Himanshu Sharma, Vishal Srivastava

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Abstract :

One challenge in node-link diagrams is how to efficiently provide a node placement or layout that will yield a meaningful graph visualization. For simple structures, the system needs only a set of aesthetic choices to provide a useful graph—sometimes even a hand-drawn visualization could suffice. But for large, complex structures, effective layouts are harder to create, which motivates continual interest in graph layout algorithms as an integral part of visualizing complex networks. Although most traditional work involves developing more efficient layout methods for static graphs, more recent efforts have also focused on finding effective ways to generate dynamic graphs of time-varying networks. This paper discusses the various aesthetic criteria's which improve the readability of graphs and helps in how to choose proper layout algorithm for specific data to make the visualization better. This paper also discusses the different graph layout approaches which are used as the basis for developing many other new and improved graph layout algorithms helping in better visualization of graphs. Some easy-to-program network layout approaches are discussed here, with details given for implementing each one. This paper is mainly focused on the basic graph layout approaches which are used in "GUESS"  the graph visualization and exploration software. This paper is also intended to beginners who are interested in programming their own network visualizations, or for those curious about some of the basic mechanics of graph visualization. 

112-126
183

Title : Design and Optimization of a Low DC Offset in Implanted System for ENG Recording Based on Velocity Selectivity Method

Authors : Assad I. K. Al-Shueli

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Abstract :

The major target of this paper is the design of advance signal processing system based on minimized length of bits required for digital-to-analogy converter (DAC) for velocity selectivity recording (VSR) approach. The main application of this device is peripheral nerves recording (electroneurogram-ENG) by exploring a spectral analysis for the propagation of neural activities in the velocity domain recording using VSR in implantable application. This research adapted a flexible, compact, and energy efficient dc offset removal circuit. An optimization design has been used based on best possible process involving linearity and area is thus suggested. The system process acquired using this approach were characterized as having a 10-bit signal processing for DAC resolution, with 1.4 mA rms output current, with minimum size around 0.02 mm2 of chip area, using FPGA board as prototype design. This paper also explores the design temperature vibration in online recording; minimization the output DC offset decrease the heat emission which is significantly for long term implementation applications. This study proposed an analysis circuit configuration demonstrate that this approach could achieve a small DC offset error, with small size required.

1-6
184

Title : A comparison between the consumption of polyethylene pyrolysis oils and diesel to supply a generator powered by a single cylinder diesel engine

Authors : George Liviu Popescu, Nicolae Filip, Violeta Popescu, Andreia Molea

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Abstract :

The paper presents data related to the results about the fuel consumption following the testing of a commercial diesel fuel and a fuel obtained by chemical recycling of polyethylene waste, which fueled a generator powered by a single cylinder diesel engine air cooled. The experimental results showed that using synthesized polyethylene-based fuel, the consumption of fuel from polyethylene was smaller compared to the consumption when using commercial diesel fuel.

7-10
185

Title : Indoor Air Quality and Health: Impact on Respiratory and Cardiovascular System

Authors : Tsaloglidou A., Koukourikos K., Pantelidou P., Kourkouta L.

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Abstract :

Introduction: Various air pollutants are found in several interior environments, sometimes at increased concentrations, and they negatively affect the indoor air quality.  Exposure to these pollutants often contributes to structural degradation and building failures within their indoor environment and can lead to numerous immediate and long-term health problems. Aim: This retrospective study provides a comprehensive review of the new evidence linking indoor air quality with its impact on respiratory and cardiovascular system. It also refers to the principal pollutants found in indoor environments and associated with harmful effects on health. Method: A review of the Greek and international literature on the issue was performed through the electronic databases Pubmed, Google Scholar, Scopus and scientific journals, using the following key words: Indoor Air Quality, Indoor Air Pollution, Cardiovascular disease, Respiratory disease, Risk factors Results: Indoor air pollution increases the risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, causes or contributes to the development of acute respiratory infections, lung cancer, and chronic lung diseases such as asthma and it has also been associated with many cardiovascular diseases. Conclusion: The indoor air quality is a significant factor in maintaining good health. Understanding of the harmful effects induced by indoor air pollution will help us to take all the appropriate preventive measures to reduce the possible health risks. Key-words: Indoor Air Quality, Indoor Air Pollution, Cardiovascular Disease, Respiratory Disease, Risk factors.

11-14
186

Title : Manufacturing defects in the automobile industry, a case study of the remote causes and effects of Toyotas transmission malfunctions in cars

Authors : Bebeteidoh Oyinkepreye Lucky, Stephen Takim

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Abstract :

Over the years, the automobile industry has been continuously bedevilled by the continuous recall of vehicles as a result of manufacturing defects. The recall of vehicles in the automobile industry is not limited to any particular manufacturer. Defective components or parts have always been attributed for the reason for the recalls, while some have attributed it to uncontrolled growth and expansion. For automobile companies to keep up with the growth in the automobile industry; it must be ready at all times to satisfy its numerous customers with quality, reliable and affordable products. Reliability of the product is essential to keep a good customer base. The competitive nature of the automobile industry requires that companies comply with international safety standards in the manufacture of cars while ensuring that components and parts supplied to production shop floor are capable (CP), and where defects have been identified, Failure Mode Effect Analysis and Critical Analysis (FMECA) be carried out on such components. The aim of this research paper is to investigate the causes of manufacturing defects in the automobile industry, a case study of the remote causes and effects of Toyota’s transmission malfunctions in cars. In other to achieve this, the number of recalls from various automobile companies was investigated, with a detailed case study analysis, with SWOT and PEST analysis on the case study company.

15-29
187

Title : Frictional Properties of Canarium Schweifurthii Engl. Fruits and Their Interaction with Moisture Content and Shape

Authors : J. C. Ehiem, V. I. O. Ndirika, G. S. Vijaya Raghavan

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Abstract :

The effect of shape and moisture content on frictional properties (angle of repose, coefficient and angle of internal friction) of three varieties of canarium schweifurthii engl fruits (small, large and long varieties) were studied at five moisture content levels: 40.9%, 34.9%, 23.4%, 18.5% and 11.0% wb, so as to design and develop bulk handling and mechanical processing equipment for the fruits. This will replace and overcome conventional method and its associated problems. Coefficient of friction on different material surfaces (plywood, metal and glass) was also investigated. The results obtained revealed that moisture content and shape were negatively correlated to frictional properties. Coefficient and angle of static friction of Canarium Schweifurthii small and long varieties increased linearly with decrease in moisture content and shape.  The surface of long variety of Canarium Schweifurthii (CSHTL) is rougher and slightly round, while the small variety is smoother and less round in shape. Besides, friction on material surfaces increased with decrease in moisture content. Metal surface had the highest rough surface with canarium schweifurthii fruits for all the varieties and surfaces studied. Moisture content and shape also influenced angle of repose significantly (p<0.05) while canarium schweifurthii small fruits (CSHTs) had the highest pile angle. Frictional properties of canarium schweifurthii fruits differ significantly (p<0.05) with the varieties.

30-34
188

Title : Influence of process parameters on Electrodeposited Ni-Al₂O₃ composites by conventional and sediment type of co-deposition by Grey Scale Analysis

Authors : Madhan Gopal M M, Vishnu P S, Jeyaraj S, Arulshri K P

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Abstract :

Ni-AlO composites are prepared over a mild steel specimens using electrodeposition method. The coatings are prepared by conventional and sediment type depositions using watts type nickel with AlO. Three primary plating parameters are considered for electro-deposition, namely current density, temperature of the bath, particle concentration in bath with three levels for both conventional and sediment type depositions. L-9 orthogonal array of taguchi design is chosen for experimental design. The deposited coatings are examined with optical microscope, SEM micro graphs, XRD and EDX investigations to confirm the deposition. The influence of parameters on micro hardness of electro-deposition was investigated with signal to noise ratio analysis for both conventional and sediment type deposition. It is inferred that current density and temperature of the bath has a sound effect on micro hardness of coating by conventional type of deposition whereas temperature of the bath and particle concentration has a major effect on micro hardness of coating by sediment type of deposition. Grey scale analysis was employed to indentify the significance of process parameters and optimization of process parameters for the better micro hardness values.

35-41
189

Title : Rapid sun light degradation of Rhodamine-B, Methylene blue, Methyl orange, Congo red and their binary mixtures using suprastoichiometric Bi - Molybdate

Authors : P. Suresh, A.M. Umabala, A.V. Prasada Rao

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Abstract :

Bi2(MoO4)3 with excess MoO3 has been prepared by combustion method using Bismuth nitrate, MoO3 and glycine. The sample as prepared showed excellent photocatalytic activity for the degradation of Rhodamine B, Methylene blue, Methyl orange and Congo red in presence of H2O2 under direct exposure to sun light. Complete degradation of separate 100ml aqueous solutions containing 5ppm Rhodamine B, 10ppm Methylene blue, 5ppm Methyl orange and 20ppm Congo red with 100 mg of dispersed catalyst occurred in 60, 120, 70 and 60 min respectively. Binary mixtures of aqueous solutions containing different dyes also showed complete bleaching in 60 to 150 min of exposure to sun light. Photoluminescence studies using terepthalic acid showed generation of .OH free radicals in the solution during irradiation. Synergitic effect is noticeable for Bi2Mo3O12 with MoO3 towards degradation of pure dyes as well as their mixtures. 

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190

Title : Protection of Consumers in the Age of Rising Economic Complexities in India

Authors : Dr. Humayun Rasheed Khan, Dr. Falak Butool

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Abstract :

We are living in a highly materialised, commercialised and consumerist way of life. The rising opportunity of earning and easy accessibility of modern markets has given meteoric pace to production and consumption. The modern day scientific and technological advancements have further intensified consumerism. But these developments have also provided greater space for financial deceptions and fraudulent transactions. In most simple terms, a seller sells a product to a buyer, the buyer finds the product not to be upto his satisfaction, some would say it is a mere co-incidence but is it so? In the absence of definitive statistics, the instinct of a consumer living in a capitalist society would lead one to wonder if the seller intentionally did or did not do something that led to a compromised consumer satisfaction. The need for the protection of the rights of the consumer also demands greater concern of the policy makers, quasi- judicial bodies and non- governmental organisations in this new age of commercialisation. This paper focuses on the statutory protection provided to the consumers in India, consumer services, penalties and issues of fairness and transparency.

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191

Title : Study of Computer Malware and Its Taxonomy

Authors : Bishir Suleiman, Rashid Husain

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Abstract :

There are widespread availability and use of information technology devices capable of accessing the Internet from any remote location. While communicating via the Internet, each of these devices face a major challenge - malicious codes that alter their actual behavior, function, etc. Malicious codes result in heavy damages to computer owners, users, and the society at large. This study describes the general architecture of computer malware. It focuses on the classification of computer malware using three (3) suitable criteria. It proposes the likely properties of future computer malware going by the trend in their development. Our future work would focus on developing a model for worm-attack and simulating it against campus network. It choose computer worms because of the enormous devastating effects they cause as commonly experienced on computers connected via network. 

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192

Title : Modeling and Simulation of Worm Propagation and Attacks against Campus Network

Authors : Rashid Husain, Bishir Suleiman

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Abstract :

We develop a model of worm attack against campus network in accordance with the campus signal flow as committed by an external attacker (or intruder) and examine the worm-flow behavior and its rate of infection. Modeling and simulation are two basic integral components employed to test-run the model using Optimized Network Engineering Tool (OPNET) and two forms of statistical events were considered. The object statistics is mainly comprised of our modeled Campus network signal flow plus the attacker and the Global statistics gives an account of the result of the simulation as it shows the number of infected host systems over the network under consideration. We further analyze the result from three perspectives, namely: ‘’As Is, Multiplier and Average.’’ We recommend that the infection rate of worm viruses be investigated from an attacker situated or positioned internal to the network (i.e. an authorized user distributing worm) under consideration.

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193

Title : Performance Enhancement of Inclined Bubbling Fluidized Bed Paddy Dryer by Design Modification

Authors : Phyu Phyu Thant, P. Mahanta, P.S. Robi

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Abstract :

Present paper discusses the bed inclination and passive inserts of dryer on drying of paddy in a bubbling fluidized bed dryer. Paddy was dried in three different inclined positions, viz., vertical bed (0° inclined), 15° and 30° in a bubbling fluidized bed. Experiments were conducted for 0.5 to 2.5 kg batch size with superficial velocities of 1.1 m/s and 1.6 m/s. All the experiments were repeated with and without spirals inserts. Results were obtained for air temperature of 55°C, 60°C and 65°C and air velocities of 1.1 ms-1 and 1.6 ms-1 respectively. Better results in terms of energy consumption and moisture removal rate were observed with bed inclination of 15˚. Use of spirals inside the drying chamber with inclined dryer reduces drying time as well as reduces energy consumption significantly.

61-65
194

Title : Simulation and Performance Analysis of a Novel Seven-Level Inverter with DC-DC Converter for Photovoltaic System

Authors : Dr.R.Seyezhai, P.Vaishnavi

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Abstract :

This paper deals with simulation of PV based single-phase seven level inverter employing maximum power point tracking algorithm. Incremental conductance (INC)is employed in this work  because it has high tracking accuracy at steady state and good adaptability to the rapidly changing atmosphere. A novel dual carrier PWM is employed for the proposed inverter. A detailed study of PV based seven level inverter is carried out in MATLAB/SIMULINK and the performance parameters such as crest factor, peak to average ratio, weighted THD, harmonic spread factor and Distortion factor of the proposed inverter are computed and the results are verified.

66-71
195

Title : The Relationship between Locus of Control (Internal - External) and Self-Efficacy Beliefs of Yazd University of Medical Sciences

Authors : Mohammad Mehdi Ashagi, Malikeh Beheshtifar

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Abstract :

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between locus of control (internal - external) and the self-efficacy beliefs of Yazd University of medical science. The research population consisted of the Yazd Central University of Medical Sciences staff 534 people using Cochran formula the sample size was 220 people. Instrument was two questionnaires self-control and self-efficacy and the validity of the questionnaires was 0.82, 0.87, and reliability 0.8260 and 0.880 respectively obtained. To investigate the hypothesis Pearson, Spearman, log-linear regression tests used. The results showed that there is a direct and meaningful relationship between internal locus of control and self-efficacy beliefs. However, there was not a meaningful relationship between external locus of control and self-efficacy. To achieve the organization's employees with high self-efficacy, locus of control considered as a factor-affecting self-efficacy.

72-76
196

Title : The Moderating Role of Psychological Maturity on the Relationship between Nurses Career Plateau and Burnout in Arjomand and Razieh-Firoz Hospitals in 2014

Authors : Malikeh Beheshtifar, Mahmood Nekoei Moghadam

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Abstract :

Career burnout is a painful experience for individuals and for organizations is a costly phenomenon. Plateau is a key factor for increasing this problem and mental maturity could reduce to some extent the relationship between the two variables. Hence, the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between career plateau and burnout due to the moderating role of nurse’s psychological maturity in Arjomand and Razieh-Firoz hospitals in 2014. In this study, correlational and cross-sectional method is used. The population of this study consisted of nurses in Arjomand and Razieh-Firoz hospitals that the total number is 142 people. To determine the sample size of 100 people chosen based on Morgan table. The study used three questionnaires: plateau questionnaire validity 0.98 and reliability 0.94-questionnaire career burnout with validity 0.98 and reliability 0.93 and the questionnaire individual trust with reliability 0.94 and validity of 0.92 and mental maturity questionnaire validity 0.95 and reliability 0.88. For data analysis, the approach of partial least squares (PLS) with Smart PLS 2 software used. The results showed that there is relationship between plateau and its components with career burnout in Arjomand and Razieh-Firoz hospitals. In addition, there is not relationship between the moderating role of nurse’s psychological maturity of plateau (plateau job content) with career burnout, in Arjomand and Razieh-Firoz hospitals. However, there is an inverse relationship between the moderating role of psychological maturity at plateau hierarchical relationship with nurse’s career burnout in Arjomand and Razieh-Firoz hospitals. Given that the individual is suffering from fatigue, soon with his colleagues, and the devastating effects that the erosion of the effectiveness and performance of the individual, the individual diagnosis and prevent the spread of the organization are essential. One of the aggravating factors is plateau that should consider in the organization. If the nurses in the workplace has high psychological maturity they can enjoy some plateau hierarchical relationship and reduce burnout. Therefore, the promotion of psychological maturity and reduce the plateau at work considered.

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197

Title : Electrical Characterization of a New Established Inductance Box Using an Automated Measurement System

Authors : M. Helmy A. Raouf, A. Eliwa Gad, El-Sayed Soliman A. Said , M. A. Elwany

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Abstract :

Inductance box is an instrument that generates a variety of inductance values, which are used to verify the accuracy and to calibrate inductance measurement devices. In this paper, characterization of a new fabricated inductance box has been investigated by using an automated system developed for inductance measurements. The new verified inductance box had been constructed by three inductance decades giving 4096 inductance steps using the all possible combinations. The output inductance steps of this inductance box have been measured for each decade at different frequencies over the range form 1 kHz to 10 kHz to study its frequency dependence as will be illustrated in this research. At different voltage values in the range form 0.6 V to 2 V, the output inductance values have been also measured to demonstrate the voltage dependence of the tested inductance box as will be presented in this work. All practical results of each decade at different frequencies and voltage levels have been carefully analyzed through accurate calculations and necessary representing figures as will be clearly described in this paper. Relative accuracy of this inductance box is in the range from 5×10-4 to 5×10-3 at 1 kHz and 1V. Its relative uncertainty due to the summation effect has been founded to be less than 6×10-5. The relative expanded uncertainty for such automated systems is typically less than 0.025%.

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198

Title : Background Terrestrial Radiation Exposure Level Of Cross River University Of Technology (Crutech), Calabar Nigeria

Authors : Ushie P.O, Pekene D.B, Egeshi C.M, Ohakwere-Eze M.C

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Abstract :

Background terrestrial radiation survey of Cross River University of Technology (CRUTECH), Calabar was carried out. The study area was divided into twelve (12) locations and investigated. An in situ measurement approach was adopted using a SOEKS ecotester Geiger counter + food nitrate tester. Three (3) reading were taken in each of the location in survey and then an average computed. The outdoor annual exposure dose rate (OAEDR) of each location was also calculated. The measured average background radiation for all the location was (0.07±0.02)µSv/hr while the average OAEDR was found to be (0.13±0.02)mSv/yr. These values fall within the safe radiation limit of 0.13µSv/hr and 1.0 mSv/yr recommended by UNSCEAR (1998). However, results obtained do not indicate any immediate health side effects on the staff and students and the host communities. 

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199

Title : Effect of Radiative Heat Transfer on Cosmic-Ray Transport in a Rotating Cloudy Interstellar Medium

Authors : Pekene D.B.J, Ekpe O E

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Abstract :

Radiative heat transfer on cosmic rays (cr) in a rotating cloudy interstellar medium is modelled by imposing  a time dependent perturbation on the cosmic transport in the interstellar medium containing randomly distributed giant diffused molecular clouds the temperature involved are assumed to be large so that radiative heat transfer is significant. This renders the problem very nonlinear even on the assumptions of a differential approximation for the radiative flux in a adiabatic concentration and zero activated energy. When the perturbation is small, the transient flow is tackled by the laplace transform technique, giving solution, for steady state spectrum of cosmic ray in the galaxy temperature up and down stream concentration, also velocity analytical and numerical solutions were obtained for temperature. Velocity of the down and upstream concentration in cases where radiative heat transfer through the rotating medium are taken into account. The incorporation of radiative heat transfer is of particular relevance to cosmic ray transport whose temperature is usually very high which radiate a lot of heat through the media which surround them.

90-94
200

Title : Study on Computer Trojan Horse Virus and Its Prevention

Authors : ZHU Zhenfang

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Abstract :

In recent years, the fast development of computer network technology, has become an integral part of human’s life, work and study. But with the popularity of the Internet, computer viruses, Trojans and other new terms have become some well-known network vocabularies. Studies have shown that most users of computer are more or less suffered from computer virus. So people must attach great importance to the network security problem. The paper studied Trojan virus. Paper first introduced the concept, characteristics and categories of the Trojan virus and its harm, and then focused on the way and means of the Trojan’s spread. It introduced the Trojan virus loading and hiding technology, too. Its last part focused on the prevention measures, it put forward reasonable suggestions to users, and paper also put forward prevention advice to improve network security.

95-96
201

Title : Research on fractal structure of generalized J set utilized compound complex map

Authors : Wang Chun-mei, Hu Chun-hua

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Abstract :

This paper generalizes Entwistle’s complex map as , constructs a set of generalized Julia sets(J sets) by using the escape time. Adopting the experimental mathematics method of combining the analytic function with computer aided drawing, this paper researches on the structure topological inflexibility and the discontinuity evolution law of the generalized J sets. The researches as below: ①generalized J sets have fold rotation symmetry and its center is the origin when  is integer;②the different choices of angle lead to the different evolution of generalized J sets.

97-101
202

Title : Two-Factor Authentication Based Automobile Keyless Entry System

Authors : O. Akinsanmi, A.D. Usman, A. Abdulraheem, G.D. Obikoya, B.G. Bajoga

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Abstract :

Mechanical keys have traditionally been used to restrict unauthorized access to automobiles. In recent times, microcontrollers were embedded into cars for various applications such as passive keyless entry systems and vehicle immobilizer systems to prevent circumventing the mechanical lock to open the door and then start the engine via short-circuiting the ignition. The embedded electronic systems are very convenient to users but the security of the system can be easily breached for unauthorized access either through theft or lost and found of the car key fob, relay attacks by impostors or if the embedded code is revealed through the wireless interface scanning. In this paper, the development of an Automobile Keyless Entry System using Two-Factor Authentication is described where, the automobile would autonomously verify the users’ alongside the conventional mono-factor (i.e., device-based) automobile key fob authentication framework, thus achieving a two-factor authentication system. In addition, the new framework can prevent the three kinds of security breach scenarios. Furthermore, the car owner may allow new persons to drive the car using their voiceprints. The significance of this new framework is that it has provided high level of comfort and convenience and has eliminated the probability of theft. This paper will provide the understanding of the system to the designer of key-less systems. It will also provide designers with some ideas of how to make vehicle more secure. This paper will also benefit many people in terms of saving time and effort that would be required for them to collect the information presented in this paper by reading many published papers.

102-106
203

Title : Design and Development of an Automatic Automobile Headlight Switching System

Authors : O. Akinsanmi, A.D. Ganjang, H. U. Ezea

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Abstract :

This paper presents the design and development of an automatic automobile headlight switching system. Headlights of vehicles are inherent for night driving.  These bright headlights which assist the driver for vision, while driving at night, pose a great threat to the other road users coming in the opposite direction. The bright light of the vehicles causes a discomfort in the form of a glare to the oncoming driver. As a rule in night driving, every driver is expected to switch their headlights from high beam to low beam once they spot an oncoming vehicle within 150 metres in order to reduce the glare, but this practice is hardly adhered to. This is one of the major causes of accidents during the night, as the opposing driver will not be able to see the road clearly due to the brightness of the oncoming vehicle's lights. This automatic headlight switching system switches the high beam lamp to low beam as soon as it senses a vehicle approaching from the opposite direction and switches it back to high beam when the cars pass each other. The prototype is an electronic circuit that incorporates the use of a 12 volts power supply which is provided by the car battery itself, a light dependent resistor which acts as the sensor, a potential divider network which serves as a comparator to trigger an NPN transistor connected to an SPDT relay which does the switching. It was designed, constructed, tested and it worked, sensing to a distance of 147 metres. This design minimizes night accidents occurring as a result of this glare by the introduction of automatic headlight control in automobiles. This solves the problem of switching which is not done most of the time, reduces the stress of continuously switching beams manually, hence giving the driver more concentration on the road while driving at night. This paper brings to limelight the need for manufacturers of automobiles to inculcate this in modern cars to improve on the deficiency of the existing ones.

107-112
204

Title : Numerical Study on Temperature Distribution of Water-in-Glass Evacuated Tubes Solar Water Heater

Authors : Zaw Min Thant, Myat Myat Soe, Maw Maw Htay

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Abstract :

This A numerical study on water-in-glass evacuated tube solar collector using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is presented in this work. The water-in-glass evacuated tube is an integral part of evacuated tube solar water heater. The water-in-glass collector is the mostly used form of evacuated tube collector because it has higher thermal efficiency and simple construction requirements and hence low manufacturing cost. The usage of evacuated tube collectors is increasing day by day. Thus, several works have been published for representing the stratification of the fluid inside the tubes and the reservoir, as well as analytical modelling for the heat flow problem. Based on recent publications, this paper proposes the study of solar water heating with evacuated tubes, their operation characteristics and operating parameters. To develop this work, a computational tool will be used-in this case, the application of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software. The commercial software ANSYS-CFX® was used for the CFD simulation of the temperature distribution of water-in-glass evacuated tube solar water heater, which uses the Finite Volume Method (FVM).  The objective of this work is to complement the studies cited earlier, approaching the transient analysis of an evacuated tube collector with different inclinations  geometries and different tube dimensions geometries , to allow better heat removal from the tube and to evaluate the behaviour of the fluid within this solar collector and possible improvements to be applied in the model. In this work,  the model with three different inclinations (30°, 45°, 60°)and same tube dimension (47D1800L) is described and then the model with different dimension(47D1200L, 34D1400L) for same inclination is also simulated. According to the simulation results, length and diameter (47D1800L) and inclination angle 45° model is the best.

1-7
205

Title : Management of the Local Water Supply in the Municipality Of Ouesse in Benin

Authors : Sewade Grégoire, Biaou Gauthier, Adjakpa Théodore, Guedenon Patient, Houssou Christophe

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Abstract :

The availability of drinking water for the vital needs of the current and future generations is one of the biggest challenges the humanity is faced with. This study listed the problems connected to the management of the hydraulic infrastructures in the municipality of Ouèssè in the context of decentralization meant to contribute to its local development. The methodology used is based on desk study, direct observations, ground study, and processing and analysis of data. The qualitative and statistical data were collected by means of tools (questionnaires and interview guide) as well as collection techniques within different target groups (Agent, Farmer, intellectuals, resource person etc.). The study concerned three (03) villages and the research enrolled two hundred and sixty one (261) investigated persons. The professionalization of the hydraulic infrastructures in the context of decentralization ended with the community-based management in the municipality of Ouessè. That approach which is well appreciated in drinking water supply also meets chalenges. So the Weaknesses and Threats are identified as the social unrest observed at the level of some opinion leaders and the worrying silence of municipal authorities facing with the indelicacy of certain managers or opinion leaders. These aspects were the object of suggestion for the improvement of the management of Millennium development goals.

8-14
206

Title : Complex of Lascoux in Partition (6,6,3)

Authors : Haytham Razooki Hassan, Mays Majid Mohammed

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Abstract :

In this paper, the complex of Lascoux in the case of partition (6,6,3) has been studied by using diagrams, divided power of the place polarization  ,Capelli identities and the idea of mapping cone.

15-17
207

Title : Efficient Mining for Hadoop process with big data

Authors : Savita Suryavanshi

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Abstract :

Big data concern large-volume, complex, growing data sets that are too big. It is difficult to Big Data Mining with our current methodologies or data mining software tools, they are emerging in many important applications, such as Internet search, business informatics, and social networks, social media, genomics, and meteorology, Big Data mining grand challenge to identify the datasets and capability of extracting useful information from large datasets or streams of data The unification of multiple datasets from disparate sources in combination with advanced analytics techniques and technologies will advance problem solving capabilities, and in turn will improve the ability of predictive analysts to reveal insights that can effectively support decision making. The analysis of big data sources can be used to identify cost saving and opportunities to increase efficiency, which will directly contribute to an improvement in productivity. This can in turn help to encourage further innovations and prediction.

18-20
208

Title : On The Exact Quotient Of Division By Zero

Authors : Okoh Ufuoma

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Abstract :

This paper aims to present the solution to the most significant problem in all of analysis, namely, the problem of assigning a precise quotient for the division by zero, . It is universally acknowledged that if  and  are two integers where , the fraction , when evaluated, gives rise to only one rational quotient. But, here in analysis, at least three quotients have been assigned to the fraction  by various departments of analysis. Moreover, so much hot debate has emerged from the discussion which has arisen from this subject. It is, therefore, the purpose of this paper to furnish the exact quotient for the special and most significant case of division by zero, the fraction

21-28
209

Title : Assessment of Ambient Air Quality at Gajuwaka Industrial Hub in Visakhapatnam using IND-AQI method

Authors : S. Srinivasa Rao, N. Srinivasa Rajamani, E.U.B. Reddi

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Abstract :

Air pollution is projected as one of the major environmental issues as it risks the health of humans by spoiling air quality.  Hence, air quality indices have been considered by many researchers as a simple and understandable way to measure the air quality with respect to its effects on human health.  In this context, we collected a total of 168 ambient air samples in winter and summer seasons at seven points in selected residential areas of the Gajuwaka industrial hub. The measured data of six criteria air pollutants such as RSPM, TSPM, SO2, NOx, NH3 and Pb were converted into an Indian air quality index (IND-AQI) recently developed by CPCB, New Delhi to study the status and seasonal variation of the air quality.  The results revealed that the seasonal mean of air quality index values was varied from 60.2 to 143.3 and 82.8 to 226.5 in winter and summer seasons respectively. Gaseous pollutants and RSPM values were found to be higher in winter compared to summer season whereas TSPM values are high in summer with respect to winter season. It has been observed that on the basis of IND-AQI scale, the study area has fallen under ‘moderate’ category with the annual mean value of 118.4 The study indicated that total suspended particulate matter (TSPM) was mainly responsible for air pollution (92.9%) in this area during the study period and became a critical pollutant in the majority of the sampling points followed by RSPM.  Further, the calculated Exceedence factors were also confirmed the deterioration of air quality in the study area as moderate to high pollution category with TSPM as a critical pollutant. Increasing trends of air pollution were observed consistently during the study period at all the locations.

29-36
210

Title : How does the intervertebral discs parameter variation affect the biomechanical behavior of spinal structures? Results of a detailed study of multibody simulation sensitivity

Authors : Sabine Bauer, Dietrich Paulus

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Abstract :

At the present there is a variety of ways to investigate the biomechanical properties of human structures. In addition to experimenting and imaging, computer modeling is an established method to calculate the kinematics and kinetics. While many different lumbar spine models have already been created, the sensitivity of the model to input parameters has still not been sufficiently studied. To come up with a realistic modeling, the effects and the interaction of various input parameters must be understood in advance. Particularly for the development of patient-specific models knowledge about the influence of the input parameter constitutes the basis of solid modeling. In the respective literature, especially the performance of the intervertebral disc is described as central to any spine model and thus requires a detailed investigation at first. A multibody simulation model of the lumbar spine that takes the biomechanical properties of the spinal structures such as the intervertebral discs, the ligaments, and the facet joints into account has been created. The model has been validated by comparing the results with results from appropriate literature. The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of the modified disc stiffness onto the spinal structures. For this purpose, stiffness values ​​are used as input parameters that have been published in the literature. To investigate the relationship between the different interspinous structures when changing input parameters the most natural load case, the upright state, is simulated. The disc characteristic of the highest and lowest functional spinal unit shows that the load situation under different stiffness is almost identical. Slight changes are recorded in the central functional spinal units, which are also reflected in the intersegmental rotations. The biggest impact is recorded in the facet joints. The load structure of facets changes in all five functional spinal units. Some are nearly twice as heavily loaded. The study proves that the use of different input parameters does not necessarily lead to major change in the biomechanical behavior of the structures in which the input parameter has been changed, but may have a greater impact on other modeled structures.

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211

Title : Energy Harvesting Enhancement of a Piezoelectric Converter

Authors : Y. Kebbati, H. Souffi, M. Pyee

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Abstract :

In this paper, we present the optimization of the energy harvesting in the case of piezoelectric converter. In fact, the conversion of mechanical energy from environmental vibrations into electrical energy is a key point for powering sensor nodes, toward the development of autonomous sensor systems. Piezoelectric energy converters realized in a cantilever configuration are the most studied for this purpose. In order to improve the performances of the converter, the polarization was specially studied with FEM simulations. A parametrized model was created. The electrical energy generated by the converter under an applied force was computed. The experimental results was shown for ceramic PZT. 

43-44
212

Title : Multi-criteria evaluation used as a tool taking into account the optimal selection of materials, described on example of selection of thermal insulation materials for wood-based envelope

Authors : Martin Labovsky, Martin Lopusniak, Veronika Bartosova

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Abstract :

Currently, the choice of materials for the construction of buildings should take into account not only their traditional features such as price and quality but also the environmental qualities. The thesis describes the process of multi-criteria evaluation of thermal insulation materials for wood-based envelope with other possible comparing of obtained valuation parameters. 

45-47
213

Title : Effect of heat treatment on glass-ceramics covering of SiO2-Al2O3-CaO system using industrial waste as raw material

Authors : B.C. Alcantar, J.A. Chavez, G.C. Díaz

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Abstract :

On a day to day basis, the demand for goods and services cause environmental damage due to the overuse of natural resources and the increase in residues related to these activities.  The biological treatment of wastewater has become an important source of solid residues.  At the same time, industrial development and technological advances have generated processes that produce a great variety of residues as byproducts.  Some of these residues, because of their inorganic composition and innocuousness, can be incorporated into the production of ceramic materials to substitute traditional or natural raw materials.  The biosolid ashes resulting from the biological treatment of wastewater are rich in CaO, SiO2, Fe2O3 and P2O5, while the residues from the anodization process mainly contain Al2(SO4)3 and Al(OH)3  salts; under this premise, a ceramic system is designed, SiO2-Al2O3-CaO, where biosolid ashes are incorporated as supplementary sources of SiO2  and the aluminum salts as substitute for Al2O3.  The type of thermal treatment applied was a continuous and intermittent system.  Upon examination of the results in the mineral composition and the morphology of the materials obtained through DRX (X-ray Diffraction) and SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy), it can be observed that the material submitted to both types of thermal treatments show phases of elevated hardness and of highly ordered crystal structures, such as corundum.  Nevertheless the materials that are more homogeneous and have more defined crystals are identified in those samples submitted to a continuous system thermal treatment.

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214

Title : Case study possibilities of reducing energy of residential building

Authors : Ing. Anton Pitonak, Ing. Martin Lopusniak

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Abstract :

Residential buildings nowadays have a high energy consumption. This is due to the fact, that many of them are still not retrofitted. As the European Union in the new directive (known as the 20-20-20) adopted three major commitments to meet the criteria by 2020, it is necessary to pay attention to the retrofit. The aim of the work is to point out how contribute to reducing energy consumption and why pay more attention to the comprehensive retrofit over the partial retrofit.

51-54
215

Title : Thermoluminescence Dosimetry study of Feldspar Mineral Used as Base Material of Ceramic Tiles

Authors : H.C.Mandavia

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Abstract :

This paper deals with the Thermoluminescence (TL) dosimetry work. This paper represents the growth studies of natural Feldspar mineral used as raw material in ceramic tiles. The comparative TL study and discussion  of glow curve of as received Feldspar mineraltreated with  different  beta radiation dose as 2.5Gy, 5Gy, 10Gy, 25Gy, 50Gy, 75Gy, 150Gy, 300Gy, 600Gy,The tables indicating peak temperature and peak intensity will also furnished. The results are carrying the material   towards the excellent dosimetric   behavior.

55-59
216

Title : The Performance of Ultrafine Palm Oil Fuel Ash in Suppressing the Alkali Silica Reaction in Mortar Bar

Authors : Hidayati Asrah, Abdul K. Mirasa, Md. A. Mannan

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Abstract :

This study evaluates the effect of ultrafine palm oil fuel ash (POFA) on the alkali silica reaction (ASR) of mortar. To study the effectiveness of ultrafine POFA in suppressing the ASR, four different sizes of POFA were used in this study: the unground (UG), medium (MP), fine (FP), and ultrafine size (UF). Characterization of POFA was done to investigate their particle size, fineness, specific gravity, chemical composition, loss on ignition (LOI), and morphology. Initially, the pessimum effect of the sandstone aggregate was determined by blending 5, 15, 50, 75, and 100% of sandstone aggregates with the granite. POFA was then introduced as cement replacement at 0 - 40% by weight of binder. To investigate the effect of ultrafine POFA on ASR, ASTM C1260 and ASTM C1567 were adopted. The strength activity index was also determined to study the pozzolanic effect of the ultrafine POFA. Results show that the ultrafine POFA significantly increase the pozzolanic reactivity of mortar. At 14-days of testing, ultrafine POFA shows higher resistance against the alkali silica reaction (ASR) attack compared to coarser POFA. Higher level of replacement is required for coarser POFA to resist ASR attack in the mortar bar. 

60-66
217

Title : Characterization of an Atmospheric-pressure Cold Plasma Jet

Authors : G. M. Elaragi, H. S. Elaraby

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Abstract :

Cold atmospheric pressure plasma jets are playing important role in various plasma applications. Each jet is characterized by providing its operational parameters such as power, type of gas, plasma temperature and density, electrode system and geometrical jet (radius, length). The velocity of the plasma jet has been observed by time of flight (TOF) using optical fiber cable and Photomultiplier tube, the measured average plasma velocity is about 106 cm/sec.

67-70
218

Title : An Overview and Tutorials on Modeling and Simulation

Authors : Ahmed Hassan M. Hassan, Fathelrhman Omer M. Elameen, Mogtaba Mohamed Osman

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Abstract :

The modeling and simulation are the most important challenges to the researcher to present the system reality and study the different metrics of it. This article provides the short overview to assist the new researchers toward their goals. With aid of differ scenarios related to an engineering domain the designers have an ability to answer critical questions about modeling and simulation.

71-78
219

Title : Electro-generated Chemiluminescent Determination of Methotrexate in Pharmaceutical Preparations by Tris (2,2-bipyridine)ruthenium(II) Using Flow Injection

Authors : Mohammad A. Abdalla, Ibrahim Z. Al-Zamil, Saad A. Al-Tamrah, Telal S. Omar

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Abstract :

A novel electro-generated chemiluminescence method for the determination of methotrexate (2,4-diamino-N10-methyl pteroyl glutamic acid) in pharmaceutical formulations is proposed. The method was based on the chemiluminescence (CL) emission intensity produced as a result of the electrochemical oxidation of the  into the active  form, which then reacts with the methotrexate and produces light. Reaction variables were thoroughly investigated. The optimum conditions were incorporated in the procedure. Linear calibration curve were obtained for signal in mV versus concentration in mol L1 in the range 0-21×107 M with percentage relative standard deviation of less than 2% (n = 6) and correlation coefficient of r = 0.99986. The method described here proved to be very convenient and easy to use for the assay of methotrexate in drug formulations. This method was tested by the determination of methotrexate in different drugs containing known concentration.

79-82
220

Title : Thermal insulation of walls and roofs by PCM: modeling and experimental validation

Authors : Kamal A. R. Ismail, J. N. Castro, Fatima A. M. Lino

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Abstract :

In hot and tropical countries external walls and roofs receive solar radiation absorbing part of it and transmitting a substantial part to the internal ambient provoking thermal discomfort. In cold climate heat is usually lost to the external ambient and again causing thermal discomfort. In both cases the thermal energy load is increased. For these reasons many studies were dedicated to investigate techniques for improving the thermal performance of walls and roofs. One of the most viable techniques is the use of PCM as thermal insulation filler that increases the thermal inertia of the component at relatively low cost and without substantial increase of weight. The formulation of the problem of the PCM composite wall is based on one dimensional pure conduction model for the PCM and the walls. The numerical solution involves moving grid for the PCM. The computational grid was optimized to eliminate grid size effects. The model was extended to treat the roof problem. The numerical predictions were compared with experimental results and reasonably good agreement was found.  Additional numerical and experimental results were presented and discussed.

83-93
221

Title : Difficulties in the Definition of Matter States

Authors : Taha Massalha

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Abstract :

A matter in liquid state is known to attain the shape of the vessel which holds it – water is a glass will assume the shape of the glass. Solids, however, will retain their own shape wherever they are contained. What do these statements rely on and are they always valid?

94-96
222

Title : Study the performance of the organic membrane ultrafiltration on whey treatment

Authors : Sakina Belhamidi, Majdouline Larif, Hajar Qabli, Soufian Elghzizel, Hicham Jalte, Selma Chouni, Azzedine Elmidaoui

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Abstract :

Treatment of whey using the organic membrane processes namely ultrafiltration (UF) was investigated to recover the proteins for re-use. Membrane module was tested in batch mode operations and multi-stages operations employing the influence of the pH and temperature. The performance of ultrafiltration membrane can be characterized permeate flux and membrane retention, these parameters are determined by pH and temperature. The influence of these parameters on whey protein concentrate is also measured. The permeate flux and the protein content in the permeate and in the concentrate fractions were measured during the experimental runs. By comparing the separation behavior of the membrane for the two separation modes it was found that the investigated membrane produced the best results from the point of permeate flux, VRF and protein content in multi-stage modes in optimal condition (pH=6.5 and Temperature 50°C). The filtration characteristics were obviously influenced by the process parameters.

97-101
223

Title : On CR-Structure And F-Structure Satisfying

Authors : Lakhan Singh, Shailendra Kumar Gautam

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Abstract :

In this paper, we have studied a relationship between CR-structure and F-structure satisfying  + F=0, where p1 and p2 are twin primes. Nijenhuis tensor and integrability conditions have also been discussed.

1-2
224

Title : Advances in High Performance Polymer Nano Composite Coatings for Better Resistance to Corrosion and Ultraviolet Rays

Authors : Shambhu Sharan Kumar

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Abstract :

In this industrial extensive research work in the fields of corrosion protection and surface coatings, conventional micron sized rutile TiO2 pigment based automobile grade polyester-amino (butylated melamine formaldehyde resin-BMF) stoving paint was formulated. In subsequent approach, nano TiO2 and nano ZnO alongwith nano SiO2 particles modified super white stoving industrial paints were formulated for the purpose of comparative study and to improve overall performances of surface coatings with respect to the best possible protection of automobile grade steel surfaces. With reference to the improvement of erosion and corrosion resistance, weathering and ultraviolet (UV-rays) resistance, water repellence and chemical resistance, dispersion stability and aging resistance, surface covering and adhesion property, film smoothness and gloss retention alongwith other mechanical properties; nano materials adapted paints have shown great potential in several industrial applications. The nano pigment particles were characterized by SEM and XRD. Performance evaluation of surface coatings was done as per ASTM/BIS test procedures. After rigorous test observations, excellent performance results have been found i.e. 100% adhesion, 100% gloss, appreciable results in aging test, 4000 hours passed in salt spray test and 3600 hours passed in quick ultraviolet weathering resistance test due to surprising synergistic effects of dispersed different  nano materials in crosslinked polyester-amino resins  media. It has experimentally been proven that the proper application and dispersion of suitable nano materials in paint formulations, improved overall performances of surface coatings for the purpose of better surface-protection.

3-7
225

Title : Effect of Nanofluid on Cooling System of Engine

Authors : Laxman P. Dhale, Pravin B. Wadhave, Dnyaneshwar V. Kanade, Y.S.Sable

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Abstract :

An automobile radiator is used for the cooling purpose of the engine. The cooling system of an engine plays an important role in its performance for these reason researchers are using different types of Nano fluids as coolant which increases the effectiveness of radiator, increases the performance of an engine and decline the fuel consumption. In this study 1.2% volume concentration of Al2O3 nano particles water based nano fluid is used and observes that effectiveness of an automobile radiator enhance up to 23% at constant mass flow rate.

8-10
226

Title : Recent development and challenges in processing of ceramics reinforced Al matrix composite through stir casting process: A Review

Authors : V. P. Baisane, Y.S. Sable, M. M. Dhobe, P.M. Sonawane

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Abstract :

Use of Composites are increasing day by day because they offers advantages such as low weight, corrosion resistance, high fatigue strength, faster assembly, etc. MMCs posses significantly improved properties including high specific strength, specific modulus, damping capacity and good wear resistance compared to the unreinforced alloys. It is durable and highly efficient for automobile or aircraft. It exhibits higher competence for machining complex shapes with greater accuracy. Homogenous Continuous reinforcements can result in dramatic improvements in MMCs properties, consist of lightweight metal alloys, but cost remains high. Cost reduction can be achieved by cheaper reinforcements, simpler fabrication methods. It is possible to tailor their properties as per the requirement of various industrial applications by suitable combinations of matrix, reinforcement and fabrication method. This paper presents an up-to-date review of progress and benefits of different routes for fabrication and machining of composites.  The purpose of this review to provide a reliable scientific basis for the researchers planning to synthesize particulate reinforcement, Wettability, porosity MMC in the stir casting. 

11-16
227

Title : Event-Triggered Control and H∞ Control Co-Design for Platoon Control Systems with Parameter Uncertainties and External Disturbances

Authors : Siyuan Shao, Panlong Wu, Yuming Bo

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Abstract :

In this paper, an event-triggered control problem in array-like autonomous platoon control system with network-induced delay, parameter uncertainties and external disturbances is investigated. Firstly, a novel six-order linear kinematic model of each autonomous vehicle and a novel state error model of array-like autonomous platoon control system are constructed. Secondly, the corresponding delay system is modelled. Then, by employing the constructed model and Lyapunov functional approach, a co-design method of both the H controller and the parameters of event-triggering condition for each following vehicle is proposed. The feedback gain matrix and the event-triggering matrix corresponding to each autonomous vehicle can be obtained by employing LMI technique. Finally, a simulation example is presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed co-design method.

17-24
228

Title : Stabilization of Uncertain Non-Bilinear Descriptor Dynamical System Via Logarithmic Norm Approach

Authors : Radhi Ali Zaboon, Ghazwa Faisal Abd

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Abstract :

In this paper a feedback controller stabilization of non-bilinear descriptor system have been developed via logarithmic norm approach. The sufficient conditions on parametric uncertainty where the system is regular or impulse free have been given. Some theoretical results supported have been adopted with suitable illustrations example for designing a stabilizing controller for non-bilinear uncertain descriptor systems based on the theoretical result have also been developed.   

25-28
229

Title : Modelling and Analysis of Fractional Capacitors

Authors : Madhab Chandra Tripathy, Sribatsa Behera

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Abstract :

The aim of the paper is to explore both theoretically and experimentally the modelling of different in-house developed PMMA coated fractional capacitors [5]. The design realization and behaviour of Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) coated probe has been studied in different polarizable medium like Ph 9.2, Ph 4.0, tape water and distilled water. Different frequency responses are obtained and a corresponding mathematical model has been proposed from experimental data. The parameters of modelled data have been found using least square estimation technique.

29-32
230

Title : Development of a Software Application for Solving of Problems of Chemical Kinetics and its Implementation in a C #

Authors : M.R.Manafov

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Abstract :

In this paper the authors described the software package for solution of wide range of  tasks of the chemical and petrochemical industry. The existing programs are analyzed and their advantages and shortcomings are specified. The shortcomings of these works has been taken into account at creation of the software package. Along with numerical methods for the solution of various tasks  (calculation of integral, numerical methods for solving equations etc.),  class for the solution of  direct  and the inverse problem of kinetics, calculation and a choice of the equipment from the Access database  has been defined . The generated package can be used by schoolchildren, students, engineers and scientists.

33-37
231

Title : The Effect of Sodium Chloride Treatment on Compression Strength of Silver Fir Wood

Authors : Arian Kapidani

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Abstract :

Among properties which characterize the application of silver fir wood (Abies alba Mill.) in buildings is its compression strength parallel to the grain. In the framework of improvement of this mechanical property, a comparative experimental investigation was performed with sodium chloride (NaCl) treated and non treated silver fir wood with regard to maximum crushing strength and modulus of elasticity, based on mechanical tests performed according to norm ISO 3787. From 68 samples with dimensions 20x20x40 mm, 34 of them were full covered with solid NaCl for a period of 60 days. The samples were sawn from boards produced from fir logs of the area of Librazhdi, in central Albania. After weight percent gain was calculated, the treated and non treated samples were conditioned and tested by means of mechanical testing machine, in the Faculty of Forestry Sciences of Tirana. The weight percent gain of treated wood resulted 9.56%. The maximum crushing strength of non treated fir resulted 43 N/mm2, while for treated wood 32.56% higher. With regard to modulus of elasticity treated wood presented a value equal to 14621 N/mm2, 19.36% higher than non treated wood. Measured values of the crushing strength and modulus of elasticity in compression parallel to the grain of non treated wood were compared with respective values of fir wood from the literature. No significant variations were noted.

38-40
232

Title : The Study of Antimicrobial, Anthelmintic and Cytotoxic activities of Parthenium Hysterophorus L.

Authors : Nitin Sharma, Mahesh Kumar, Usha Tiwari, Manoj Kalakoti

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Abstract :

The present study has been designed to evaluate antimicrobial, anthelmintic and cytotoxic activities of Parthenium hysterophorus L. plant leaves extract. Present work reports for the antimicrobial activities of P. hysterophorus leaf. Dried samples were sequentially extracted with many solvents. Methanol, acetone, chloroform, petroleum ether and water extracts of leaf showed considerable antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumonia and also antifungal activity against Candida albicans. The in-vitro cytotoxic activity of methanolic extract was performed by MTT assay method against HeLa cell line. The methanolic, acetone, chloroform, petroleum ether, water extract (100 mg/ml concentration) of Parthenium hysterophorus plant leaves was taken for anthelmintic activity against Pheretima posthuma. Effect of inhibition of cell growth showed significant cytotoxicity against leaf methanolic extracts showed considerable inhibition (80–90%) of HeLa cell lines. The results obtained from the study indicate good anthelmintic activity against Pheretima posthuma. The present study concluded that the methanolic extract of Parthenium hysterophorus possess potent antimicrobial, anticancer and also anthelmintic activities. 

41-44
233

Title : The relation of leadership style and emotional intelligence and job satisfaction of lifeguard staff of the country

Authors : Lida Aftab

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Abstract :

Administration and management of sports organization should completely get ready to adapt itself with the world of professional sports today. The goal of this paper is studying the relation of leadership style and emotional intelligence and job satisfaction of lifeguard staff of the country. Research methodology of this paper was correlation. Statistical society of this paper was the whole lifeguard staff of country which their number were 120 and they have chosen randomly. For collecting information from three questionnaire leadership style, emotional intelligence and job satisfaction has been used. The results of the research had shown that there is a positive relation between job satisfaction and emotional intelligence with leadership style (=001/0p). It can be said that a successful leadership style is an effective factor in job satisfaction of lifeguard staff of the country and high emotional intelligence can make an effective leadership style in lifeguard staff that can improve job satisfaction by using this kind of leadership style.

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234

Title : The impact of organizations social responsibility, quality of services and joint identity of organization and customer on satisfaction and loyalty of customers

Authors : Shima Eftekhari

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Abstract :

Nowadays inattention of organizations to rights and nonconformity of ethics fundamental encountering external stakeholders, can make some problems for organization and question organisation’s legitimation and proceeding and affect profit and success of organization. Poor work ethic can affect on people attitude towark work, organization and managers and can affect individual, organizational or group performance. Whwnever this problem affect oarganization performance can affect customers attitude toward organization too. Social responsibility impact on satisfaction of staffs is studying in this paper, because customers are the most important factor of a companie’s benefit. Therefore, a research model is prepared that nine hypothesis is prepared based on it. A questionare is prepared for proving hypothesis and they have distributed among 384 customers of Pasargad Bank. Inputs processed by SPSS and LIZREL sofwares. At the end just a hypothesis rejected and the rest prooved. It is specified that social responsibilities of bank, service quality and joint indentity of organization and customer are effective on customer’s satisfaction and loyalty.

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235

Title : A note on graphs with two kinds of zero forcing number

Authors : Li Lei, Guang Zeng, Xin Luo

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Abstract :

Zero forcing number and positive semidefinite zero forcing number are important parameters in studying minimum rank problems. Several graphs are proposed, which have the same zero forcing number and positive semidefinite zero forcing number in this paper.

53-56
236

Title : Interfacial Damage of Fiber/Matrix Composite under Mechanical and Physical Loading

Authors : Varbinka Valeva, Jordanka Ivanova, Ana Yanakieva

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Abstract :

In this paper on the base of representative volume element (RVE) the modified shear lag model was used to investigate the stress state, stress transfer and interface fracture energy of nanofiber/matrix composite. The RVE is subjected to static mechanical and physical load, e.g. temperature and moisture excitation. The solution of the problem is considered for the cases of perfect bond of the interface, perfect bond  and break of the fiber, perfect bond and partially interface debonding and break of the fiber as well. The obtained in closed analytical form results for axial stress and shear interfacial stress as well as the debond length are illustrated in figures. As a numerical example, the carbon nanofiber (CNF)/epoxy composite is considered. Three cases are studied: elastic with static mechanical loading, elastic with static mechanical loading and temperature and elastic with static mechanical loading with temperature and moisture. All three cases are compared in respective figures. The presence of the initial partial debond leads to smaller values of the respective fiber axial and interface shear stresses as well as to the magnitude of the plateau of the axial fiber stress. As a consequence, the progressive interfacial debonding is considered as well. The influence of the temperature excitation (20o–30oC) at given characteristics of the chosen CNF composite on the interface debond length is negligible, while the influence of moisture is significant especially for the case of progressive interface debonding. It is shown that the influence of the moisture on CNF is bigger at smaller volume fraction. At smaller aspect ratio (AR) the values of the stress transfer function (STF) are smaller when the influence of the moisture is taken into account and further it increases with the increasing of the mechanical load. The influence of the temperature and moisture on the debonding length is also estimated and some conclusions and recommendations are done.

57-64
237

Title : The Numerical Solution of Fractional Differential-Algebraic Equations (FDAEs) by Haar Wavelet Functions

Authors : Mesut Karabacak, Ercan Celik

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Abstract :

In this paper, the numerical solution of Fractional Differential-Algebraic Equations (FDAEs) is considered by Haar wavelet functions. We derive the Haar wavelet operational matrix of the fractional order integration and by using it to solve the Fractional Differential-Algebraic Equations. The results obtained are in good-agreement with the exact solutions. It is shown that the technique used here is effective and easy to apply.

65-71
238

Title : Solid-state synthesis and dielectric properties of nanocomposites containing poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) /graphene nanoplatelets

Authors : Chitragara Basavaraja, Ju Yeon Park, Do Sung Huh

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Abstract :

New conducting polymer nanocomposites of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) were prepared by simple solid-state heating polymerization of 2,5-dibromo-3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (EDOT) with different concentrations (weight percentage) of graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs). The prepared PEDOT/GNP nanocomposites were characterized through Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and UV–vis spectroscopy, and their surface morphology was analyzed through scanning electron and transmission electron microscopy. The FTIR and UV–vis spectra revealed strong interaction between the PEDOT matrix and GNPs. The frequency-dependent AC electrical conductivity of the prepared nanocomposites was obtained at room temperature within the frequency range of 100 Hz to 2.3 × 106 Hz. The conductivity of the composites significantly increased with increasing frequency compared with that of PEDOT and GNPs.

1-7
239

Title : Enhancement of visible light photocatalytic activity of MoO3 with V2O5 additive

Authors : T. Narasimha Murthy, P. Suresh, A.V. Prasada Rao

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Abstract :

Both MoO3 and V2O5 exhibit considerable absorption in the visible region as seen from their UV-visible diffuse reflectance spectra. In view of higher absorption of V2O5 compared to MoO3, the present study is tken up to see whether addition of V2O5 will improve the visible light photocatalytic activity of MoO3. 25 wt% V2O5 in MoO3 showed the highest efficiency and degraded Methyl orange, Rhodamine-B and Eosin Y completely in 30, 160 and 40 mints respectively, while Methylene blue is only partially degraded.

8-10
240

Title : Power Aware Based on Voltage Islands for X-Clock Tree Construction

Authors : Chia-Chun Tsai

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Abstract :

This paper proposes an algorithm of power aware based on voltage islands for constructing an X-clock tree with considering double via insertion. Different voltages are assigned for multiple voltage islands for power aware to reduce total power consumption under the clock delay control. Higher rate of double via insertion is made for via-effect avoidance and reliability. We first partition a clock network to be the number of voltage islands, such as L-type or T-type, and construct the X-clock tree for each voltage island with double via insertion. Then, we combine these X-clock trees based on a well-defined connection with inserted level shifters for minimizing the power. The delay effect due to the total number of inserted double vias is also accounted. Ten benchmarks are tested for our approach. Compared with single voltage island, experimental results show that our X-clock tree based on multi-voltage islands can save up to 21.58%, 4.75%, and 33.8% in power, delay, and running time, respectively.

11-18
241

Title : Advances in Construction: Lean Construction for Productivity enhancement and waste minimization

Authors : Aakanksha Ingle, Prof Ashish P Waghmare

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Abstract :

The objective of this paper is to highlight the cost and benefits of the potential contribution of lean construction to the achievement of productivity enhancement and waste minimization in construction industry. It is critical review of literature. Researcher has used exploratory method for investigating the benefits of lean construction system by exploring, and understating the available literature and some case studies.  There is need for waste minimization and enhancement of productivity in construction activity. Productivity is critical determinant of cost efficiency. The conventional system of construction is not sustainable. In one of the research it is estimated that current system of construction had around 50% of non value added efforts or waste. The meaning of lean construction is that it is the application of lean thinking to the construction industry. The construction industry and other industries also are facing various problems as a result of the uncertainties of the global economic climate, environmental hazards, including labor delayed projects and zero margin contract bids, green house gas emissions etc. The construction industry is seen as one of the worst performing industry as regards to the innovation. This calls for concern about the poor state of construction innovation. The emergence of lean construction is to bring significant reform to the construction industry to achieve the objectives of value addition and waste minimization within the built environment in the critical social, economic and environmental aspects. 

19-23
242

Title : Empirical study estimating volatility dynamics of stock returns of Banks in India

Authors : Vikram Mohite

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Abstract :

The major purpose of this exercise is to assess the volatility dynamics of the stock returns of the banks of India and to determine the factor which influence and explains the stock returns. For this exercise, the methodology GARCH (1, 1) model is used for determining the risk factor under multi index model. The empirical exercise suggests that in case of banking companies stock returns are highly persistent and lagged returns have a significant impact on the current year’s stock returns.

24-30
243

Title : Reconstruction of lossless compressed fingerprint and x-ray images using Haar matrix technique

Authors : Reem Talib Miri, Hussain Ali Hussain

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Abstract :

The objective of this research is to decompress an image using steps not by one step to get an image with dimension and size different than the original without lossless any part of image the number of steps to reconstruction an image depend on the image dimensions. If the image dimensions are 512×512 then it needs 9 steps to decompress. And if it was 8×8 then it will need only 3 steps as explained in paper.

31-34
244

Title : Solving fuzzy fractional Riccati differential equations by the variational iteration method

Authors : Ekhtiar Khodadadi, Mesut Karabacak, Ercan Çelik

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Abstract :

This paper deals with the solutions of fuzzy fractional differential equations (FFDEs) under Caputo H-differentiability by variational iteration method. The variational iteration method has been applied in solving fuzzy fractional Riccati differential equations with fuzzy initial conditions. This method is illustrated by solving two examples.

35-40
245

Title : Modeling the Kinetics of Photosynthetic Chemistry

Authors : Kamalu C.I.O., Nwakaudu M.S., Obijiaku J.C., Okwara C.A., Kamen F.L., Uzondu F.N., Osoka E.C.

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Abstract :

In this work, the chemical kinetics of photosynthesis was extensively explored. Kinetic models were established. Existing data from the internet were used for the validation of the models. It was observed that the models are real and natural as they follow the growth profile nature of photosynthetic release, together with the uptake of oxygen and carbon dioxide respectively. The models actually conform to what was found in literature. Therefore photosynthetic activities could be studied using natural growth models, in conjunction with the specificities of photosynthetic phenomena. This work can be employed in the growth study of plants in agriculture, carbon cycle, and perhaps ozone layer depletion or carbon sequestration.

41-47
246

Title : Performance evaluation of clustering protocols using AODV routing protocols

Authors : S. Aouad, A. Maizate

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Abstract :

Recent advances in wireless sensor networks have generated many new protocols for clustering specifically designed for sensor networks where energy consumption is an essential consideration. Variety of sensing capabilities results in profusion of application areas. However, Sensed data need to be delivered to the base station using multihop and must cope with the network unreliability problem and the energy consumption. In WSN, few routing and clustering protocols take into consideration of these problems. It is a major challenge of the clustering protocols to ensure network survivability through redundancy features. In this paper, we present a short literature review of the existing routing protocols for Wireless Sensor Network and we evaluate the performance of AEEPC, APC-T and APC using the routing protocols AODV.

48-52
247

Title : Smart Reliable Network on Chip and its Area reduction using Elastic buffer

Authors : Meera P Alias, Melvin C Jose

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Abstract :

Network on Chip (NoC) is one of the efficient on-chip communication architecture for System on Chip (SoC) where a large number of computational and storage blocks are integrated on a single chip.NoC has more flexibility and reusability when compared with dedicated wires where number of wires increases dramatically as the number of cores grows.In this project 2X2  and 4X4 mesh topology NoC has to be designed and implemented. The proposed NoC is based on adaptive XY routing algorithm. In Adaptive XY algorithm ,if any neighbouring router becomes faulty,faulty link of the router will be bypassed.The area requirements of the NoC is very high.In order to reduce the area,the input and output buffers of the NoC will be replaced with elastic buffers.Inorder to further improve the performance of the NoC ,an arbiter can be introduced.Arbiter is used when many input ports request the same output port and in such cases a priority will be assigned for input ports when they request the same output port.  The NoC’s performance have to  be evaluated and implemented on Spartan3E  field programmable gate array kit.

53-57
248

Title : Distributed association rule mining and summarization for Diabetes Mellitus and Its Co-Morbid Risk Prediction strategy using FUZZY Classifier

Authors : Dhivya Selvaraj, Mrs.Merlin Mercy

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Abstract :

Diabetes is a life-threatening issue in modern health care domain. With the use of data mining techniques, diabetes factors and co morbid risk conditions associated with diabetes has found. In order to stifle the evolution of diabetes mellitus, applies distributed association rule mining and summarization techniques to electronic medical records. This helps to discover set of risk factors and co morbid conditions in distributed medical dataset using frequent itemset mining. In general, association rule mining (ARM) generates bulky volume of data sets which need to summarize certain rules over medical record. This encompasses a novel approach to find the common factors which lead to high risks of diabetes and co morbid conditions associated with diabetes. This performs both association rule mining and association rule summarization techniques with improved classification algorithms. Exiting systems aim to apply association rule mining to electronic medical records to discover sets of risk factors and their corresponding subpopulations that represent patients at particularly high risk of developing diabetes. Given the high dimensionality of EMRs (Electronic Medical Records), association rule mining generates a very large set of rules which we need to summarize for easy clinical use. The existing system reviewed four association rule set summarization techniques and conducted a comparative evaluation to provide guidance regarding the diabetes risk prediction.

58-62
249

Title : Data Integrity Preserved Data Aggregation Technique over Smart grid Communication System

Authors : Saranya Alagesan, Mrs.P.Anatha Prabha

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Abstract :

Smart grid application is the most concerned application in the real world environment which will generate different power readings in different time periods. This need to be gathered and send to the centralized server for further processing. The single node failure in the smart grid system might lead to entire system failure where the aggregation cannot be performed well. This problem is resolved in the existing work by using the fault tolerance based data aggregation technique where the data can be aggregated even if any of the nodes failed in the system. However data integration becomes the greatest issue in the smart grid system where the data forwarded to the centralized server might get changed in case of corruption. This problem is resolved in the existing work by introducing the recoverable scheme in which data can be recovered even in case of corruption also. This is achieved by comparing with the average aggregated value with all the data that are sensed by the sensors. 

63-67
250

Title : Diagnosis of Diabetes Using Support Vector Machine and Ensemble Learning Approach

Authors : Chitra Arjun, Mr.Anto S

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Abstract :

In recent years, support vector machines (SVMs) have shown good performance in a number of application areas. The existing system is concentrated on the discovery of risk of having pre-diabetes or undiagnosed diabetes and to facilitate people decide whether they should see a physician for further evaluation.  It is also focused on both the noninvasive and metabolic factors, which should require blood sampling and laboratory measurements, such as high density lipoprotein (HDL), and cholesterol (CHOL). However the existing system ahs issue with prediction results by using c4.5, naïve bayes tree and neural network algorithms. To avoid the above mentioned issue we go for proposed system. In proposed scenario, we introduced an efficient algorithm named as Support Vector Machine (SVM) which is utilized to screen diabetes, and an ensemble learning module is added. It turns the “black box” of SVM decisions into comprehensible and transparent rules, and it is also useful for solving difference problem. The proposed system is used to develop an ensemble system for diabetes diagnosis. Specifically, the rules are extracted from the SVM algorithm and it is applied to provide comprehensibility and transparent representation. These rule sets can be regarded as a second opinion for diagnosis and a tool to screen the individuals with undiagnosed diabetes by lay users. From the experimental result, we can conclude that the proposed system is better than the existing scenario in terms of reduction of the incidence of diabetes and its complications. 

68-72
251

Title : Modified Iterated Square-root Cubature Kalman Filter for Non-cooperative Space Target Tracking

Authors : Chaochen Wang, Panlong Wu, Yuhao Deng

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Abstract :

Passive tracking techniques for non-cooperative space target have great significance in space surveillance systems. In this paper, we proposed a new filtering algorithm for passive tracking problem called iterated square-root cubature Kalman filter (ISCKF). By introducing a Newton-Gauss iterative method into the square-root cubature Kalman filter (SCKF), the proposed filtering algorithm has a better filtering performance in accuracy and stability. The simulation results demonstrate that the ISCKF outperforms the conventional filters when using bearings-only measurements.

73-77
252

Title : Big Data and Cloud Computing

Authors : Mrs. Premalatha P, Mrs. Marrynal S. Eastaff

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Abstract :

Cloud computing is one of the most significant shifts in modern ICT and service for enterprise applications and has become a powerful architecture to perform large-scale and complex computing. Big data provides users the ability to use commodity computing to process distributed queries across multiple datasets and return resultant sets in a timely manner. Big data utilizes distributed storage technology based on cloud computing rather than local storage attached to a computer or electronic device. Big data evaluation is driven by fast-growing cloud-based applications developed using various categories of big data. Cloud computing, big data and its applications, advantages are likely to represent the most promising new frontiers in science. Clouds are also being used to deal with the Big data to effectively store and exploit the unstructured data of the organizations. This paper presents an overview of the cloud computing scenario today, different examples of the cloud services, different enterprises in the field of cloud computing are being mentioned in the paper . How cloud is related with big data and what are the possible solutions of big data in today’s scenario is also discussed in the paper.

78-81
253

Title : Noise Pollution as a Cardiovascular Health Hazard

Authors : Tsaloglidou A., Koukourikos K., Pantelidou P, Katsimbeli A., Monios A., Kourkouta L.

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Abstract :

Introduction: Noise pollution is a health hazard and induces both auditory and non-auditory effects. Extensive levels of noise are associated with a high risk of physiological changes such as hypertension, increased levels of heart beat rate, peripheral vasoconstriction and thus peripheral vascular resistance. Noise can trigger both endocrine and autonomic nervous system responses that in turn affect the cardiovascular system and may be a high risk for the appearance of cardiovascular disease. Aim: This retrospective study provides a comprehensive review of the new evidence linking noise pollution to cardiovascular risk. It considers some fundamental issues concerning noise and its consequences on the cardiovascular system. Method: An extensive review of the International literature was performed through the electronic databases Pubmed, Scopus and Google Scholar and the Association of Greek Academic Libraries Link (Heal-Link), using as key words the following terms: noise pollution, noise exposure, cardiovascular risk, hypertension. Results: Sleep deprivation or fragmentation is usually considered the most severe non-auditory effect of noise pollution, which in turn affects the cardiovascular system. Noise exposure is also associated with hypertension and consequently with other cardiovascular disease, the results from the literature, however, are inconclusive.  Conclusions: Noise pollution has many adverse effects on health and especially on the cardiovascular system. Understanding the harmful effects of noise pollution on cardiovascular health will help us to take all the appropriate measures to prevent or to reduce the possible health risks.

82-85
254

Title : Affordable Housing: A Present Need in Housing Sector

Authors : Ankit Pahade, Pranay Khare

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Abstract :

Affordable housing is very hot topic in India, even more in news after the launch of housing for all by 2022 by the government of India. Due to rapid urbanization there is huge gap created in demand and supply of affordable housing. After 68th years of independence also there is 95% shortage for lower income group houses. There are also many achievements and initiatives by the government , but the rate of constructing affordable jousting is low due to government laws and policies of housing infrastructure. The paper describes challenges, issues for the development of affordable housing an also it explains various strategies to be implement. There is also need of innovative faster construction technology so the cost of construction will reduce and economically weaker section, lower income group will get their own house at affordable cost.

86-88
255

Title : Power Loss Reduction in Radial Distribution Systems by Optimal Capacitor Placement to Distribution Transformers

Authors : D.Amaranatha, R. Madhan Mohan, Dr.M.Padma Lalitha

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Abstract :

The power loss on distribution transformers can account for a considerable portion of the overall loss. Here in This paper, proposes the method for optimal placement of capacitor banks to the distribution transformers to reduce power loss. The installation of capacitor bank locations are considered at the low voltage side of transformers. The net present value (NPV) analysis is adopted to evaluate cost benefit of the capacitor installation project. First, an explicit formula for direct calculation of power loss of radial distribution systems is derived. Then, the optimal capacitor bank placement is formulated by a Bacterial Foraging Algorithm (BFOA) model maximizing the NPV of the project subject to certain constraints. This model is suitable for being solved by commercial packages and the operational control of capacitor banks to maximize the power loss reduction, we can be simply achieved by local automatic switching according to VAR measurements.

89-95
256

Title : Distribution system protection using parallel resonance fault current limiter for a three phase system

Authors : M.Ramesh, P.Suresh Babu, V Mahendra

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Abstract :

This paper proposes a parallel-LC-resonance type fault current limiter (FCL) that uses a resistor in series with a capacitor. The proposed Fault current limiter is capable of limiting the fault current magnitude near to the pre-fault magnitude of distribution feeder current by placing the mentioned resistor in the structure of the FCL. In this way, the voltage of the point of common coupling does not experience considerable sag during the fault. In addition, the proposed FCL did not use a superconducting inductor which has high construction cost. Analytical analysis for this structure is presented in detail, and simulation results using power system computer-aided design/electromagnetic transients, including dc software are obtained to validate the effectiveness of this structure. Also, an experimental setup is provided to show the accuracy of the analytic analyses and simulation results.

96-102
257

Title : Applications of Nano Pigment Particles for the Development in Corrosion and Scratch Resistance of Epoxy-Zeolite Coatings

Authors : Shambhu Sharan Kumar

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Abstract :

For the purpose of corrosion protection and embellishment, surface coating is the most universally used practice. The applications of nanotechnology in the fields of corrosion protection and surface coatings can significantly improve the adhesion property, stiffness, chemical resistance, weathering resistance and robustness among all other important properties of surface coatings. In this work, nano particles applied surface coatings have been used to protect various types of metals and alloys from corrosion and other degradation. For this purpose, epoxy-zeolite self-cleaning super hydrophobic and antimicrobial corrosion resistant coatings have been used to protect metals and alloys from corrosion. The corrosion protection efficiency has been improved when nanoparticles have been incorporated