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ISSN:2394-3661 | Crossref DOI | SJIF: 5.138 | PIF: 3.854

International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

(An ISO 9001:2008 Certified Online and Print Journal)

Volume 7 Issue 1 (January2020)

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Smart Distribution System by Using Binary Particle Swarm Optimization

Authors : Samuel Kefale Melese

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Abstract :

The electric Distribution System is subject to many disturbance which results power outage and material damage, and also due to its network topology power delivery to the customer is accompanied with the cost of power loss. Whenever reliability, power loss and resilience is an issue the distribution system must be designed to self healing.  The power coming from the transmission line can be effectively distributed by managing automatically it’s network configuration.  This paper explores effective loss minimization for efficient smart electrical distribution power flow. The  load  on  the  distribution  system  is  a  continuously  changing  entity  and  hence  a configuration which corresponds to a minimum loss at a particular load  will not be so at  a different load. Feeder  reconfiguration  is one  of  the  techniques  for  loss  minimization  in  a nonlinear network  optimization  problem  which  restructures  the  distribution  feeders  by  changing  the  open/closed status of the sectionalizing and tie switches.  and  the  solution  for  the  problem  involves  a  search  over  the  possible configurations with multiple constraints. Binary particle swarm optimization method was applied to find the possible switching-options for loss reduction. Since distribution system is radial configuration backward forward load flow analysis is used. The algorithm is computationally efficient and determines the switching option that gives the maximum loss reduction in the system. For testing the effeteness of the method standard IEEE 33 bus system is used. The proposed algorithm is coded in MATLAB and power world simulator, to check the result obtained by MATLAB. The optimal configuration result shows that large amount of power loss was reduced from the initial configuration. 

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2

Title : Development of Low Cost Rice De-Stoning Machine

Authors : Ohwofadjeke Paul Ogheneochuko

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Abstract :

In Nigeria, Local rice processing has suffered a lot of setback, such as problem of stones and other foreign materials in processed rice. In an attempt to develop capacity to meet the ever increasing demand, this study designed, constructed, and evaluated performance of a rice de-stoning machine. The study is divided into five major tasks namely: (1) determination of the engineering characteristics of five commonly cultivated local rice varieties in Nigeria that are relevant to design of the de-stoning machine, (2) design of basic components of rice destoner (3) engineering drafting of the components, (4) construction of de-stoning machine using local technology and sourced materials (5) performance evaluation of the fabricated machine. Relevant engineering procedures and standards were applied to the determination of the properties and design of the machine components. The machine with a design capacity of 3 tons per day was constructed in the Faculty of Engineering workshop, Niger Delta University. It’s  consists of centrifugal blower, reciprocating sieves, screw conveyor, separating cylinder, transmission shaft with rotating speed of 360 rpm, powered by a 5 hp electric motor. The total cost of constructing the machine is estimated at ₦196,050. The performance evaluation revealed a de-stoning efficiency of 78%.  This research work has developed a local, cost effective and efficient rice de-stoning machine, thus improving the quality and the market value of locally produced rice in Nigeria.

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3

Title : Control of Codling Moth (Cydia Pomonella) Infestation Rate by Different Cultural Methods

Authors : Tajamul Nissar, Purnima Shrivastava

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The aim of the present work is to study the control of cultural techniques on the infestation rate and to calculate the population of codling moth from the orchards of Ladakh for the sake of convenience 4 orchards of Nurla village were selected from the Union territory of Ladakh and the different cultural methods were practiced in these orchards and in which the delta traps were installed to monitor the population of codling moth only for monitor purposes. Delta traps containing lures loaded with codlimone (E,E)-8,10-doddecadien-1-ol the sex attractant which attracts male moths towards trap. The orchards taken were practiced by different methods like orchard S1 (Bur lapping ), S2 (S sanitation),S3 (Bur lapping & Sanitation ) and S4 with no method used (control ). According to the plan the visits were conducted and the result was taken to obtain the infestation rate and to analyze the population of codling moth from the selected orchards. The orchards with heavy infestation were measured in relation to the low-infested orchards of the same area containing equal number of trees. The population of the codling moth was also monitored during the three visits to these selected orchards in which the traps were installed and finally that was calculated. The table results clearly indicated that the orchard S4 were no method was practiced was heavily infested followed by S1 Bur lapping, S2 Sanitation, and very low infested S3 Bur lapping & Sanitation. The traps catch was low in S3 were bur lapping and sanitation was done followed by S2 Sanitation, S1 bur lapping, and the highest catch was at S4 were no method was practiced.  Finally the data from the orchards with high infestation and high trap catch was correlated with data from the orchards with low infestation and low trap catch. orchards.

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4

Title : Investigation on the effect of mineral admixtures on mechanical property of self compacting concrete

Authors : Rayees Ali Khan

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Abstract :

Concrete is the mixture of cement sand and aggregate with a designed water-cement ratio. In RCC structural’s concrete is vibrated heavily to flow through reinforcement bars which are less spaced. To solve this problem self compacting concrete is used. In this research ordinary Portland cement is partially replaced with silica fume and fly ash with different percentages 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% of fly ash and 1%, 2.5%. 5%, 7.5% and 10% of silica fume for controlled mix design. In this research, the fresh and the hardened properties of concrete is determined it is shown that the fresh property of concrete is increased by increasing the percentage of silica fume and fly ash. It is observed that the mechanical properties of concrete are increased by the increase of silica fume and decreased the mechanical property by increasing the percentage of fly ash.

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5

Title : Geothermal energy for better integration with other renewable energy sources

Authors : Prof. Trupti Deoram Tembhekar [Prof. Trupti Jayant Sakhare], Dr.S.N.Dhurvey

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Abstract :

Geothermal power plants utilize hydrothermal resources that contain both heat (thermal) and water (hydro). Geothermal power generation is valued for its high reliability, independence from short term weather fluctuations, and long operating life. The total installed capacity for global geothermal power generation was estimated to be around 14.06 gigawatts (GW). Geothermal power runs at a much higher load factor than wind or solar, so geothermal produces significantly more electricity per megawatts (MW) of capacity. Geothermal power has considerable potential for growth as the amount of heat within 10,000 metres of the earth's surface is estimated to contain 50,000 times more energy than all oil and gas resources worldwide.

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6

Title : Efficient Mining Algorithms for High Utility Item Sets

Authors : Meghana Rajput, Prof.Hemali Shah.

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Mining high utility itemsets (HUIs) from databases is a significant information handling task, that alludes to the disclosure of itemsets with high utilities (for example high benefits). In any case, it should introduce too a few HUIs to clients, that conjointly debases the intensity of the mining procedure. to accomplish high intensity for the mining errand and supply a succinct mining result to clients, we will in general propose a one of a kind system during this paper for mining closedþ high utility itemsets (CHUIs), which is a minimal and lossless portrayal of HUIs. Further, a way called DAHU (Derive All High Utility Itemsets) is proposed to recoup all HUIs from the arrangement of CHUIs while not getting to the first information. Results on genuine and manufactured datasets show that the arranged calculations are awfully prudent which our methodologies accomplish a tremendous decrease inside the assortment of HUIs. moreover, when all HUIs might be recouped by DAHU,the mix of CHUD and DAHU beats the dynamic calculations for mining HUIs.

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7

Title : Process Improvement through Developing Drill Jig for Manufacturing of Konkurs-M Missile Component (Cover)

Authors : Dr.M.Harinath Reddy

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Abstract :

The project study is about developing a jig for holding and drilling the ‘cover’ component for mass production. This report begins with the introduction of jigs which is the definition of important components in jigs and advantages of jigs. Drill jig increases productivity by eliminating individual marking, positioning and frequent checking. Mass production targets on increasing productivity and increasing accuracy by reducing the setup cost and manual fatigue. One of the common practices to achieve the goals of mass production is to use jigs. Drill jig increases productivity by eliminating individual marking, positioning and frequent checking. Inter changeability is one of the advantages of jigs.

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8

Title : Investigating Parametric Variations of a Microstrip Antenna for Wifi Application

Authors : Ifeoma B. Asianuba, Remigious O. Okeke

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Abstract :

Antennas are fundamental component of wireless communication devices as such, there is an increased need for small, conformal, lightweight and efficient antennas to suit this wireless application. Antennas for Wifi applications can be embedded on the body of an equipment or a device. The characteristics of these antennas are unlike that of the conventional Aperture, linear and array antennas, which are though bulky and efficient but cannot be used for portable wireless devices. In this work therefore, the design requirement and simulation of a microstrip (patch) antenna for Wi-Fi application was carried out. The work investigates the parametric variations of a rectangular microstrip antenna in other to ascertain the implications of these variations in achieving the desired antenna performance. The method of solution was achieved with the use of CST software. It was shown in this work that; 1. Antennas which possesses less VSWR is expected to have a good return loss. 2. A slight change in patch dimension brings about a significant change in the resonance frequency and subsequent increase in the bandwidth of the antenna.  The designed antenna will find application in short range wireless communication devices operating at frequency of 2.4GHz with return loss less than -10dB and producing a gain above 5dB.

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9

Title : Fibromyalgia Syndrome: Clinical Review at the Look of the Physiotherapy Academic

Authors : Amanda Aguiar Barros, Hiago Montel da Costa, Daniela Santos do Nascimento, Agrinazio Geraldo Nascimento Neto, Eva Coelho da Silva, Sara Resplande Magalhães, Kárita Amanda Ribeiro de Melo, Lucas Coelho da Silva, Maisa Adriele Nalves da Silva, Vitória Coelho Tavares, Rafaela de Carvalho Alves, Jéssika Coutinho Ribeiro, Morgane Ribeiro de Aquino Macedo, Warly Neves de Araújo.

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Fibromyalgia syndrome is a disease characterized by diffuse chronic pain, sleep disorder, depression and fatigue, which alters the quality of life of the individual, and acupuncture is a treatment option that already has satisfactory results in improving quality of life of individuals submitted to technique. Therefore, this study aims to highlight the benefits of physiotherapy in reducing pain pictures of individuals with fibromyalgia syndrome, evidencing the importance of physiotherapeutic treatment, simultaneously with the follow-up of pharmacological treatment. The methods used for this work were based on the methodology of the experimental factorial planning article: A brief review, published in the journal International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science (IJAERS). Based on references, it is seen that the quality of life of patients with fibromyalgia syndrome is closely related to pain, stress, emotional exhaustion, depression and quality of life. Physiotherapy combined with pharmacological interventions presents satisfactory results promoting the reduction of symptoms of fibromyalgia. We can conclude that drug interventions in conjunction with physiotherapeutic treatments contribute to the treatment of fibromyalgia syndrome.

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10

Title : Study of cast iron and its welding electrodes

Authors : Saurabh Mangate, Sangharkshak Manwatkar, Bhushan Nehare, Nikhil Borkar, Prof. Rohit Sharma, Prof. Aamir Sayed

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Cast iron is a group of carbon iron alloys with carbon percentage greater than 2%. As we seen that ductile cast iron have spheroidal graphite flakes, nodules which stops crack from further processing. Welding is the process of joining two metals by means of fusion. An electrode is mainly used to bearing the current through a workpiece to accomplish two pieces together depending upon the processes. Electrode either consumable in case of MIG welding, SMA welding etc. or non consumable in case of TIG welding. The nickel based electrode is widely used to weld cast iron due to its high mechanical strength corrosion resistance, etc. Keywords: cast iron, welding, nickel based electrode, strength.

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