T R A C K       P A P E R

Login Panel

Close tab

Password Meter

Volume 5 Issue 12 (December 2018)

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Synthesis and Characteristic of Carboxymethyl Cellulose from Baobab (Adansonia Digitata L.) Fruit Shell

Authors : Ahmed A. A. Youssif, Taiseer Hassan M.

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

Baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) fruit shell was used as the raw material to produce cellulose. A 37.67 % of cellulose was successfully extracted from baobab fruit shell through sodium hydroxide (NaOH) pre-treatment and acidified sodium chlorite delignification. Cellulose was then converted to carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) by etherification process using monochloroacetic acid (MCA), and various sodium hydroxide concentrations (20, 25, 30, 35 and 40 g/100 ml), in isopropyl alcohol (IPA) medium. The synthesized CMC yield increased with increasing amounts of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) concentration for the alkalization step.  Structural information of cellulose and CMC was obtained using Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and the surface morphology was studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The carboxymethylation process of cellulose was confirmed by FT-IR spectroscopy. The presence of a new and strong absorption band at 1600.92 cm-1 for all CMCs samples is due to the COO‾ group, which substitutes OH groups at anhydroglucose unit (AGU). The degree of crystallinity for BFS cellulose was calculated to be 60.6% while the crystal size was calculated to be 31.12 nm. XRD analysis confirmed that CMC crystallinity was reduced remarkably compared with cellulose. The viscosity average molecular weight (Mη) of baobab fruit shell cellulose obtained by Mark-Houwink equation using intrinsic viscosity data is 51,024 g mol-1. The optimum condition for carboxymethylation was found to be 35 g/100 ml NaOH, which provided the highest viscosity average molecular weight (Mη=39,241 g mol-1) and degree of substitution (DS = 0.94). The characteristic features of synthesized CMC suggest the possibilities of utilization as food additive.

1-10
2

Title : Spectral Analysis of Quantum Bernoulli Noise

Authors : Fangqing Zhang, Caishi Wang, Cuiyun Zhang, Xiling Zhang

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

Quantum Bernoulli noise is the family of annihilation and creation operators acting on Bernoulli functionals,which satisfy the anti-commutation relations (ACR) in equal-time . In this paper , we study spectral structure of operators related to quantum Bernoulli noise . Among others, we obtain spectral theorems for these operators.

11-14
3

Title : Digital Printing Applications in Textile and Printing Industry of Turkiye

Authors : Sevim Yilmaz, Gulderen Cavus

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

Digital printing method can be applied to fabric, paper ore ceramic, and is useful for many sectors, from fashion to marketing to interior design. Digital printing machines producers, have developed systems that will be an alternative to offset and other printing techniques and offer high quality, brighter and more colour possibilities at the desired speed, on the desired material and are more cost-effective. The big ore middle sized Turkiye’s textile and press companies are pursuing digital machine industry developments and are using final technologies of them on production. In this study the prevalence of digital printing methods used in textile and printing industries of Turkiye were investigated and compared.

15-19
4

Title : Comment on Ballast Free Ship

Authors : Wang Hong, Li Huabin

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

In order to ensure the balance and stability of the ship without cargo, the ship needs to be loaded with ballast water to achieve the purpose of reducing the center of gravity of the ship. However, the discharge of seawater from ballast tanks will cause marine ecological pollution. In order to completely solve the problem of non-native aquatic species brought by ballast water, in recent years, researchers have proposed the concept of non-ballasted tanks with innovative ideas. This paper introduces the research situation of this technology and hopes to contribute to the research and design development of non-ballasted water tanks.

20-22
5

Title : Toward Teaching Innovation of Management Information System Courses: Challenges and Suggestions

Authors : Jie Zhao, Zhixiang Peng

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

Management information systems course have been one of key courses in most business schools. With the development of information technologies, the teaching of management information systems courses is facing new challenges. In view of the characteristics and teaching difficulties of management information system courses, this paper puts forward four reforming ideas of the management information system course teaching method, namely multimedia teaching, comprehensive case teaching, computer-assisted dynamic standardized test, and course book standardization for management information systems.

23-26
6

Title : The Study of Preliminary Comprehensive Optimization for the Performance of Inland River Green Energy SWATH-USV

Authors : Wang jing, Yang Songlin, Gao Shasha, Cheng Zhanyuan

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

This paper a kind of inland river green energy SWATH - USV has carried on the comprehensive optimization analysis, taking the comprehensive performance of SWATH including its rapidity, maneuverability and green energy system into consideration, a comprehensive optimization mathematical model of SWATH-USV has been established. By combining mathematical model with intelligent optimization algorithm, and then comprehensive optimization software was compiled. The stability algebra of GA optimization was discussed and the variation of the total objective function with different length, propeller speed and propeller diameter was analyzed. The program has been verified to be reliable and stable by a large number of calculations, which can provide important technical support for the overall design of SWATH-USV, and is of great significance for the further research on green energy and SWATH-USV in inland rivers.

27-30
7

Title : A Stochastic Optimal Control Of Dc Pension Fund Driven By Fractional Brownian Motion With Hurst Parameter

Authors : Onwukwe Ijioma

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

The problem of A fund manager is to minimize the expected utility loss function, the noise  generated in the dynamics of the wealth process are driven by fractional Brownian motions with long range dependence (if H>1/2). We replaced the classical Brownian motion by fractional Brownian motion with Hurst parameter more than  1/2 . We finally use time-inversion of diffusions to obtain singular equations.

31-34
8

Title : Solar Panel Based On PLC With Tilting Arrangement

Authors : Mr. Dheeraj Singodia, Mrs. Shubha Mishra

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

In this paper Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) solar panel tilting system is designed and proposed. By using this system we can obtain uniform and higher power generation when compared to solar panels placed in fixed position. Solar panel frame is majorly affected by the various factors such as wind force, rain, fog etc., among them the major factor affecting the solar panel frame is the high wind force. Generally various frame structures are designed and analysed by subjecting it against various wind force to select the suitable frame structure which withstands for maximum wind force with less deflection.

35-38
9

Title : The design of multi-function KIT - MULTIBOARDTNUT used at the laboratory of Thai Nguyen University of Technology

Authors : Duy Khanh Pham, Van Nam Bach

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

This project introduces a design of multi board software development KIT, which can be used to practise programming for many different processors, microcontrollers, embedded computers. The project supports for courses, such as, board design, embedded system, digital integrated circuit design, microprocessor – micro controller, at Faculty of Electronic Engineering, Thai Nguyen University of Technology.

39-41
10

Title : Experimental Investigation of the Effect of Partial Replacement of Cement in Concrete with Locust Bean Waste Ash

Authors : Afolayan J. O, Oriola F. O. P., Sani, J. E.

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

The cost of construction material such as cement is high and unaffordable; the need for building construction requiring this material keeps growing, thus the need to find alternative binding materials that can be used solely or in partial replacement of cement. Locust Beam Waste Ash (LBWA) was used as partial replacement of cement in concrete. Concrete cubes were produced using various replacement levels of 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45 and 50 percent of OPC with LBWA.  A total of 132 cubes of size 100   100  100mm were produced and cured by immersing them in water for 7, 14, 21 and 28 days respectively. Properties such as compressive strength, density, Standard Consistency, Setting times, Slump and Compacting Factor Test were determined. The result showed that the density of concrete cubes was 2400kg/m3 and compressive strength for 5% increased from 11.67N/mm2 at 7 days to 22.33N/mm2 at 28days curing; the result of 10 – 15% shows significant reduction in compressive strength.

42-47
11

Title : Tracking The Distributed Camera Networks Through Using Kalman

Authors : Md.Azharuddin, Kaleem Fathima

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

Camera networks are being deployed for various applications like security and surveillance, disaster response and environmental modeling. However, there is little automated processing of the data. Moreover, most methods for multicamera analysis are centralized schemes that require the data to be present at a central server. In many applications, this is prohibi-tively expensive, both technically and economically. In this paper, we investigate distributed scene analysis algorithms by leveraging upon concepts of consensus that have been studied in the context of multiagent systems, but have had little applications in video analysis. Each camera estimates certain parameters based upon its own sensed data which is then shared locally with the neighboring cameras in an iterative fashion, and a final estimate is arrived at in the network using consensus algorithms. We specifically focus on two basic problems—tracking and activity recognition. For multitarget tracking in a distributed camera network, we show how the Kalman-Consensus algorithm can be adapted to take into account the directional nature of video sensors and the network topology. For the activity recognition problem, we derive a probabilistic consensus scheme that combines the similarity scores of neighboring cameras to come up with a probability for each action at the network level. Thorough experimental results are shown on real data along with a quantitative analysis.

48-61
12

Title : Experimental Investigation of a Ground Coupled Heat Exchanger in Khulna, Bangladesh

Authors : Mohammad Mahmudur Rahman, Md. Fahad Hossain

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

An attempt has been made in this work to investigate the feasibility and thermal performance of a ground coupled heat exchanger (GCHE) in the Khulna University of Engineering and Technology (KUET) campus Khulna, Bangladesh (22.900222N, 89.501847E). The GCHE system has been designed and connected to a test room adjacent to the setup to measure the cooling and heating performance during both summer and winter respectively. The heating and cooling load of the test room were 4.42kW and 2.5kW respectively. The experimental results were obtained from September 2008 to March 2009 during summer and winter. It was found that, in winter the system warms up the ambient (cold) air by as much as 10℃at night. In summer cools the ambient (hot) air also by as much as 12℃ during the day. The average performance of the system (CoE)sys for the horizontal closed loop ground coupled heat exchanger was found as 6.75. It was concluded that the proposed design can be used for the heating and cooling purpose efficiently.

62-65