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Volume 4 Issue 10 (October 2017)

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Groundwater Exploration Using Electrical Resistivity Method A Case Study In Federal Capital Teritory (FCT) Abuja. Nigeria

Authors : Kasidi S.

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Eighteen resistivity data points were sounded in the study area with ABEM Terrameter,  Maximum electric current half spacing attained for each point 100m away. Schulumbergers array was used for acquisition of data after which two methods of interpreting the data were used, qualitatively and quantitatively the raw data were interpreted with IXD1 software. Possible groundwater  potential areas were detected.  Out of the 18 VES points, VES 1, 5, 7, 9, 11, 12, 15, 16, 17 and 18 have groundwater potentials at depth ranging from 40 m – 80 m. The thickness of the aquifers with such potentials ranges from 37 m – 65 m.  VES 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 13, 14, and 15 lacks fractured zone as such groundwater cannot be explored at these VES points. The X, Y, Z, data file was imported into Surfer9 software for resistivity mapping and contouring using kriging interpolation algorithm. The resistivity of the first layer of these points with groundwater potentials ranges from 500 ohm –m to 9000 ohms – m. While the resistivity value of the second layer ranges from 50 ohm – m to 800 ohm – m, and the resistivity value of the third layer ranges from 80 ohm – m to 700 ohm – m. The maps  that were plotted was done using the resistivity values of the first, second and third layer of VES points with groundwater potentials while the elevation above sea level was used to produce  map of the  study area and VES points.  

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2

Title : Synthesis, Characterization, Fluorescence, Electrochemical and Biological Studies on Co(II), Ni (II) and Cu(II) complexes of N-4-methoxyphenyl (2,4-dihydroxyacetophenylideneimine)

Authors : S.Amala, S.Santhi, R.Suganya

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The Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes of resacetophenone-anisidine Schiff base have been synthesized, characterized and their electrochemical, fluorescence and biological behaviour have also been reported. The complexes have been characterized on the basis of metal estimation studies, molar conductance measurements, magnetic susceptibility measurements, IR, UV-visible, EPR spectral studies and thermal analysis. Analytical data revealed that there is a formation of 1:2 metal : ligand complex. Based on the various data, an octahedral geometry has been suggested for  Co(II) complex, square planar geometry has been suggested for Cu(II) and Ni(II) complexes. A tentative structure has been proposed  to the complexes. The redox property of the complexes have been examined by using cyclic voltammetry. Fluorescence property of the  complexes have been studied and the complexes are found to have remarkably high fluorescence behavior compared to the ligand.  The complexes have been screened against bacterial and fungal pathogens. The activities of the complexes are higher than the ligand towards most of the pathogens studied.

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3

Title : Adaptive Modulation of MHC Class I Expression and Immune Evasion to Cytotoxic Immunocytes in Cancer Cells

Authors : Yongxin Zhang, Ying Wang, William K. Decker, Zhenying Wang, Monica Zimmerman

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It has been well-demonstrated that cancer cells can escape from the immune surveillance of Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) and natural killer cells (NK cells) by modulating their MHC class I expression. In order to get insight into the mechanism in which cancer cells regulate their MHC class I expression in response to the attack of CTL and NK cells, different concentration of effector cells were used to examine the effects of low effector/target ratio on the MHC class I expression shifting, tanswells were used to separate effector cells and target cells in culture to check if the cell to cell contact is required for the MHC class I expression shifting, and intracellular flow cytometry was used to determine if MHC class I protein synthesis in cancer cells were also changed with their surface antigen in current studies. Our data indicate that (1) both elimination of target cells and direct regulation of MHC class I expression in target cells contributed to modulation of MHC class I expression in cancer cells; (2) effector cell mediated-regulation of MHC class I expression in cancer cells required cell to cell contact; (3) the shifting of surface MHC class I antigen on the cancer cells might be caused by the change of MHC class I protein synthesis in cancer cells; and (4) application of inadequate numbers of effector cells may induce immune evasion of cancer cells, a cautionary tale for future clinical studies.

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4

Title : Differential Thermal Analysis of Argon and Oxygen Plasma Treated Jute

Authors : Md. Masroor Anwer, Md. Mahbubul Hoque

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Low temperature plasma (LTP) treatment, a kind of environmentally friendly surface modification technique, was applied to biodegradable and ligno-cellulosic jute fibre with the use of two nonpolymerizing gases, namely argon (Ar) and oxygen (O2) at various discharge power levels of 50, 75 and 100 W and exposure times 5, 10, 15 and 20 min. with a flow rate of 0.2 L/min. Differential thermal properties of both raw and low temperature Ar and O2 plasma treated jute were studied at various discharge power levels and exposure times. From Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA), it is seen that a broad endothermic peak was observed in the temperature range of 60–120 C in both raw jute and LTP treated jute. Degradation temperature of celluloses increases slightly with the increment of both discharge powers and exposure times when LTP treatment done by the Ar or by the O2. In addition, degradation temperature of hemicellulose remain constant when treatment was done by the Ar plasma but for the case of O2 plasma, degradation temperature increases with the increase of discharge power as well as treatment time. From the DTA thermogram, it is seen that the fibres degradation temperatures for both the celluloses and hemicelluloses were unstabled. 

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5

Title : Experimentation And Modeling Of Infective Treatment And Recovery Of HIV Patients (A Case Study Of Kwara State)

Authors : Ajayi S. K., Adeoye O. A, Aiyelabegan A. B

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The outbreak and spread of diseases have been studied for many years. The ability to make predictions about diseases could enable scientists to evaluate inoculation/vaccination or isolation plans and may have a significant effect on the mortality rate of a particular epidemic. Therefore this research experimentation and modeling of infective treatment and recovery of HIV patients (a case study of kwara state) will study   the rate at which people contact the HIV, investigate how many people a person can infect at a particular point in time. , develop model for male and female with HIV, develop estimating functions for such a model and determine the control measures and sensitivities to change in parameter. Regression analysis, Chi – square and SIR model were use to analyse the data. Result of the analysis using regression analysis give the fitted model Y= 12.302 + 0.00009X and Y= 13.077 + 0.00007X for male and Female respectively. The result shows that the fitted model is adequate and the rate at which people contact HIV is increasing. Also chi - square analysis revealed that  contacts of  HIV is not depend on gender and that there are differences in respondents health when taking drugs recommended by health workers. Further analysis using SIR model shows that there will likely be epidemic on HIV and that 29% of the male that have HIV  must be treated to avoid epidemics  9% of the female that have HIV must be treated to avoid epidemics. And we recommend that Health Planner should administer enough drugs   to HIV patient on regular basis and Health Planner should educate people more on HIV and the preventive measure should be thought.

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6

Title : Structure Des Composes Majoritaires Et Activite Insecticide Des Huiles Essentielles Extraites De Sept Plantes Aromatiques De Cote Divoire

Authors : Coffi Kanko, Raphael Kouame Oussou, Jacques Akcah, Jean Brice Boti, Badama Philomene Seri-Kouassi, Et Joseph Casanova

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The essential oils from seven aromatic plants were extracted by hydrodistillation with a Clevenger type apparatus. These oils tested by fumigation at various concentrations on adults of the flightless form of Callosobruchus maculatus Fab. present an insecticidal activity. The chemical composition was investigated by G.C. and carbon 13 NMR spectroscopy.

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7

Title : A Case Studies of Ancient Egyptian Architecture

Authors : Dr. Mir Mohammad Azad, Abhik Barua

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Ancient Egyptian architecture is the architecture of ancient Egypt, one of the most influential civilizations throughout history, which developed a vast array of diverse structures and great architectural monuments along the Nile, among the largest and most famous of which are the Great Pyramid of Giza and the Great Sphinx of Giza.

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8

Title : On the Exponentiated New Weighted Weibull Distribution

Authors : Dr. El-Sayed A. Elsherpieny, Dr.Yassmen Y. Abdelall, Asmaa A. Mohamed

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A new model called exponentiated new weighted Weibull distribution has been defined and studied. Some mathematical properties of the proposed model including moments, hazard rate, quantile, Order Statistics and moment generating function are derived. Also, numerical illusteratan to follow the behaviours of estimators are applied. Parameters estimation using maximum likelihood and it’s variance covariance matrix are obtained.  

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9

Title : Optimal Location and Sizing of Hybrid Power Flow Controller Using Chaotic Evolutionary Algorithm to Enhance Power System Stability

Authors : Mr.M.Kalyana sundaram, Dr.B.Gopinath, M.Pradeepa, V.Karthika

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In this paper, a new methodology based on optimal location and sizing of the Hybrid Power Flow Controller (HPFC) is proposed to improve voltage security and active power losses in the transmission system. Using this proposed method, the location of HPFC can be easily identified by using Chaotic evolutionary algorithm (CEA) instead of Genetic algorithm(GA) in existing method, it contain many iteration process but the presents of new GA based on chaotic systems to overcome this shortcoming. Employing the logistic map and tent map, the two chaotic systems to generate chaotic values instead of the random values in GA processes. The diversity of the Chaos Evolutionary Algorithm (CEA) avoids local convergence more often than the traditional GA. The numerical results show that the proposed method decreases the number of iterations in optimization problems and significantly improves the performance of the basic GA. The proposed approaches have been implemented on the bus test system and significant results show the effectiveness of it.

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10

Title : Investigation of the Ni(II) Adsorption, in Respect to Kinetics and Thermodynamics, by Carbonized Walnut Shell from Aqueous Solution

Authors : Bircan Kose, Saliha Erenturk

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The objective in this study was to investigate the adsorption, in terms of reaction speed and thermodynamics, of the Ni(II) from aqueus solution. Carbonized walnut shell was used as an adsorbent. The effect of contact time (0-90min) and temperatures (26-45°C) on the adsorption properties have been studied. The adsorption process follows the pseudo-second-order kinetic model very well. The thermodynamic parameters, such as Gibb's free energy change (ΔG°), standard enthalpy change (ΔH°) and standard entropy change (ΔS°) were also evaluated. The thermodynamic parameters (ΔG° < 0, ΔS = -17.37 J/mol/K, ΔH° = -5.72 kJ/mol) indicated that it was a spontaneously exothermic reaction.

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11

Title : The Role of Discipline Contest in University Education

Authors : Jian Xiang

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In order to cultivate high-quality talents with innovative spirit and practical ability, Zhejiang University of Science and Technology aims to expand the comprehensive quality of undergraduates in practice education and teaching, focusing on innovation education and actively promoting discipline competition. The competition has stimulated the students 'innovative thinking, greatly improved the students' innovative ability and the practical ability to solve the concrete problems. It has promoted the construction of the style of study style, promoted the reform of the curriculum system, and laid the students into the society more quickly.solid foundation.

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12

Title : Mutazilaism: An Introduction to Rationality in Islam

Authors : Dr. Diwan Taskheer Khan

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Rationalism, in the sense of appealing to logical reason and dialectical rhetoric, has been a characteristic of Islamic theological thought since the earliest times. Beyond the discussion on the authenticity and thus the dating of a number of sources, there is a small corpus of very old texts of unquestionable authenticity, in which the doctrinal aspects concerning the opposition between free will and determinism are discussed in a dialectical manner. The use of this genre of argumentation in such early writings attests to the use of logical reason in Islamic religious rhetoric since the earliest period of Islam reaching a climax between the ninth and eleventh centuries. Without a doubt, rationalism has always come up against powerful adversaries throughout the history of Islam, but it has continued to be one of the principal currents of theological thought. Mu'tazilaism is one of the earliest philosophical traditions of rationalist Islam. This is a descriptive paper in which the author tried to give an exposition of rationalism in Islam through Mutazilites philosophy.

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13

Title : p-Convex Functions in Discrete Sets

Authors : Aboubakr Bayoumi, Ahmed fathy Ahmed

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We study the new concept of a p-convex function and A-p-convex sets for some  set A of a vector space  E. These concepts may have applications in convex and non linear analysis and other topics of mathematical sciences.

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14

Title : Comparative study of Image Fusion Methods: A Review

Authors : Nikita D.Rane, Prof. Bhagwat Kakde, Prof.Dr.Manish Jain

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As the size and cost of sensors decrease, sensor networks are increasingly becoming an attractive method to collect information in a given area. However, one single sensor is not capable of providing all the required information,either because of their design or because of observational constraints. One possible solution to get all the required information about a particular scene or subject is data fusion.. A small number of metrics proposed so far provide only a rough, numerical estimate of fusion performance with limited understanding of the relative merits of different fusion schemes. This paper proposes a method for comprehensive, objective, image fusion performance characterization using a fusion evaluation framework based on gradient information representation. We give the framework of the overall  system and explain its usage method. The system has many functions: image denoising, image enhancement, image registration, image segmentation, image fusion, and fusion evaluation. This paper presents a literature review on some of the image fusion techniques for image fusion like, Laplace transform, Discrete Wavelet transform based fusion, Principal component analysis (PCA) based fusion etc. Comparison of all the techniques can be the better approach for  future research.

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15

Title : Dynamic Programming Based DNA Compression Algorithm through Substitution Method

Authors : Annwesha Banerjee Majumder, Somsubhra Gupta

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In this paper, a DNA sequence compression algorithm through substitution mechanism has been proposed. The field of bioinformatics research deals with huge DNA data, which requires to be compressed for proper storage utilization. Different symbols for the different sequence of occurrence of DNA sequence has been chosen and compressed the sequence. Dynamic programming concepts have been explored in the proposed algorithm.

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16

Title : Conservation Strategies Using Watershed Management and Rainwater Harvesting

Authors : Rupesh Devale, Thool Kushal P., Dr. Seema Jagtap

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Watershed management & rainwater harvesting plays a vital role in reducing soil erosion & water conservation. Several districts in coastal Maharashtra face the perennial problem of water storage despite of getting heavy rains during the monsoons lack of water is particularly acute problem during the months after the monsoon seasons. This study aims to cater the water scarcity by implementing watershed management & rainwater harvesting systems, To model & analyze watershed & Rainwater harvesting project in our college (Vishwaniketan’s iMEET) area to fulfill water requirement. 

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17

Title : Validation of Predictive Construction Workers Safety Behavior Model

Authors : Mohammed Y. D, Ajala J. O

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Safety Manager’s leadership style has a great impact on workers’ safety behaviors on construction sites. Effective leadership styles have been associated with benefits such as increased operational efficiency; reduction in insurance cost and workers retention and satisfaction. The aim of this paper is to validate the proposed construction workers safety behavior model. Model validation is associated with the process of assessing the ability of the model to do what it set out to achieve. The validation process tries to ensure that the model represents the characteristics of the general population and not peculiar to the samples used in its estimation. Certain criteria were set for the study in order to validate the predictive model obtained from the analysis conducted with the SPSS 20. Ten (10) construction safety practitioners (experts) were identified within the study area. External validation approach was adopted for the study. This type of approach where experts verify the tentative results of the research generate more confidence in the validity of the findings. The majority of the responded were in favor of the model indicating that the model is a positive contribution to the subject of construction workers safety behavior. It can be concluded from the opinion of the experts that the model is of an acceptable standard and can be a viable tool for decision making. The clients, contractors and the stakeholders can used the model to make appropriate decision, take suitable measures and devote the necessary resources required for accident prevention. Also the contractors seeking to improve safety and health at their workplace could use this model to make informed and objective decision towards accident prevention on construction site. 

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18

Title : A Case Studies of Style Variation of Pant in RMG Sector of Bangladesh

Authors : Noorul Muqaddim, Dr Mir Mohammad Azad

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The apparel industry of Bangladesh started its journey in the 1980s and has come to the position it is in today. RMGs are the finished textile product from clothing factories and the Bangladeshi RMG sector is one of the fastest growing sectors in the Bangladeshi economy, with a growth rate of 55% from 2002 to 2012.Exports of textiles, clothing, and ready-made garments (RMG) accounted for 77% of Bangladesh’s total merchandise exports in 2002.By 2005 the (RMG) industry was the only multibillion-dollar manufacturing and export industry in Bangladesh, accounting for 75 per cent of the country's earnings in that year. Bangladesh's export trade is now dominated by the ready-made garments (RMG) industry. In 2012 Bangladesh’s garment exports – mainly to the US and Europe – made up nearly 80% of the country’s export income. By 2014 the RMG industry represented 81.13 percent of Bangladesh's total export. Much of the tremendous growth of the sector and its role as an economic powerhouse for the country is attributed to the availability of "cheap" labor. Of the four million workers employed by the RMG industry, 85% are illiterate women from rural villages.The working environments and conditions of the factories that produce ready-made garments has undergone criticism in recent years concerning worker safety and fair wages.In RMG industries one of the major part is pant.The pant has different veriation based on style as the bayer desire for their country.Subcontracting is a major component of the RMG industry in Bangladesh. Many Western companies contract different factories, only requesting that certain quotas be met at certain times. Companies prefer subcontracting because the degree of separation presumably removes them of liability of wage and labor violations. It also makes it easier to distribute production across a variety of sources. 

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19

Title : Fabrication of Portable Noodle Making Machine

Authors : Bharathraj M, Murali Kumar L

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Many of us enjoy eating noodles, considering it healthy and delicious fast food. This project aims to help people in making noodles easily, quickly and on a wider scale. The first stage of the project with brainstorming, visualizing the idea, forecasting all our needs in the project and deeper research was held between all competitive noodle machines in the market. Proposed Noodle machine with compact Design, portable and operated by the single person. Extrusion of noodle at shaping die by a continuous feed of dough in the hopper which is pushed towards shaping die by thread conveyor to achieve the desired shape of noodle. Design and development of noodle machine by integrating all ideas together and testing of Automatic noodle machine which is operated by DC-power source. 

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20

Title : Increasing Detection Accuracy of Loading Capacity of Drilling Rigs

Authors : S.T. Suleymanova

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Increasing detection accuracy of loading capacity of the drilling rigs is investigated and the methods are presented. The methods of calculating the average value of the period have been proposed according to numerous records of signals zeros. The structural scheme and mathematical models of the system have been developed and the errors in the calculation of the period have been investigated.

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21

Title : Time Delay Feedback Control based Chaos Stabilization in Current Mode Controlled DC Drive System

Authors : Selcuk Emiroglu, Yilmaz Uyaroglu

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This paper focuses on delay feedback control scheme to eliminate chaos in a current mode controlled DC drive system. The delay feedback method is applied for the current mode DC drive system which exhibits chaotic behavior for some parameter variations to control the chaos in DC drive system. Firstly, the change of system behavior from normal to chaotic operation is shown by changing some parameters. To control the chaos in current mode DC drive system, the controller designed based on time delay feedback control method is applied to DC drive system which works in chaotic regime. It is showed that the behavior of system changes from chaotic regimes to normal operation by applying the time delay feedback control.

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22

Title : Information mining and e-marketing plan on real time data in cottage industries

Authors : Sumanta Chatterjee, Somsubhra Gupta

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The Government of India in recent times launched various initiatives such as “Make in India”, “Digital India”, etc. with the help of which India is now leading among the fastest growing economies. (Source: International Monetary Fund [1]). “Make in India” is one of the most ambitious program to promote local manufacturing. Here, the focus is on proposing a new B2C model that will benefit e-marketing in India [14, 20] illustratively the cottage industries of rural India. Various aspects like that of technology, architecture, economy, emotions, promotion, shopping operations linked to this must be taken care of. This will not only help the local economy but also success in this field will build engines of growth for economy. With the success of “Digital India” that connects rural areas through high speed internet network [11], this assist in business as well as increasing employment in the concerned areas.

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