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Volume 3 Issue 8 (August 2016)

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Effects of some environmental parameters on Mycelia Growth of Finnish truffle Tuber Maculatum

Authors : Matab Nadim, Neila Saidi, Ibrahim W. Hasani, YY El Banna, Omar Samir, M. El Haj Assad, Salem Shamekh

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The effects of some environmental parameters such as, carbon source, temperature, pH, salinity and growth media on the mycelial growth of the Finish truffle Tuber maculatum were presented for the first time in this study. An experimental procedure was carried out to study these parameters effects and the results of this procedure were analyzed statistically. Four different growth media were used to investigate their effect on mycelial growth. Eight different sources of carbon were used in this study. Salinity effect on mycelial growth was obtained by using four different salt concentrations. Different temperatures as well as different pH values were used to see their effects on mycelial growth. The results of all of the above mentioned parameters effects on mycelial growth rate were presented graphically.

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2

Title : A validity and reliability study for Major and Non-major Students Attitude Scales of Green Literacy

Authors : Ming-Rong Tsai

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The purpose of this study focused on developing consumer applications of college students’ attitude scales for green literacy. It described students’ literacy cognition as green consumers. All 450 samples in this study included college students of hospitality management majors and non-majors enrolled in the 2015 academic year. The whole validity ranges of questionnaire included green consumer cognition, behavior intentions, consumer arbitrary decision, control of perception behavior, and behavior attitude. The content validities were set up by scientists, food consultants, and dieticians. To detect the specialized validation, this study examined students’ pilot results of attitude scales in factor analyses. It also measured the reliability of attitude scales, internal consistency and retest precision. Applications of college students’ attitude scales were evaluated on their gender, specialization field, and education levels. All students’ attitude scales were adjusted to be a five-point scale with 25 items of 5 aspects. This study clearly provided authentic validities and reliabilities for approaching students’ attitude scales toward green consumer literacy. Statistical results indicated that major college students acquired better behavior intentions and positive consumer attitude in green literacy cognition than those of non-major college students.

6-10
3

Title : Design of Small Scale Anaerobic Digester for Application in Indian Village: A Review

Authors : Abhinav Krishna Singh, Dr Rajendra Kumar Kaushal

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Proper choosing of design of anaerobic digester and estimation of it size is an important point in the successful implementation of anaerobic digester. The end users of anaerobic digester in most cases are farmers whose technical knowledge of the systems is limited. And there is a lack of information available on design methods for these systems. The goals of this study were to develop literature that could be used by laymen to decide the design and size of anaerobic digester. To develop a design formula that could be used for anaerobic digester sizing based on livestock waste availability. The case studies were conducted on three scales: one household, six households, and a village of 67 and 28 households. The biogas produced in case study for one household was0.44 m3, for six household was 2.60 m3, for Kapurpur village of 67 household was 11.33 m3.

11-16
4

Title : Design of electronic throttle valve position control system using Learning Feed-Forward based on Model Reference Adaptive Systems controller

Authors : Que Son Tran, Thi Ngoc Anh Dang

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In recent years, the use of electronic throttle valve systems has been very popular in the automotive industry. However, there are still many difficulties in controlling the electronic throttle valve because of multiple nonsmooth nonlinearities, including stick–slip friction, backlash, and a discontinuous nonlinear spring involved in the system. To alleviate these difficulties in controlling the angle of a throttle plate and to make a highly robust controller with limited cost, this paper proposes the new approach using the PD controller and a Model Reference Adaptive System-based Learning Feed-Forward Controller algorithm to the electronic throttle valve. Firstly, the LFFC is applied together with the PD controller to compensate the nonlinearities in the system, and then, the Lyapunov approach is used to find stable adaptive laws for the feed-forward parameters when the parameters of the system changes while the throttle valve is working. The performance of the proposed controller is evaluated by performing some simulations on the Matlab-Simulink software.

17-20
5

Title : The Day Great Penyepian in Bali Evidently Can to Reduce Air Pollution

Authors : I Ketut Wijaya1, I Made Mataram

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The Air pollution caused by exhaust emissions due to the engine being run by using posil fuel. Engineering  Generator Electrical Power is one of the engines that produce emissions (pollution) is quite high because the engine never stops unless repairs. And incidentally engine generator of electrical power in Bali is located close to the city of Denpasar. Data  generator of electrical power be taken from peak load in 2014 and 2015 on the State Electricity Company (PLN). Average peak load data weekday 425.49 MW in 2014 and data on a Penyepian is 254.40 MW. Average peak load on a weekday in 2015 amounted to 315.49 MW and peak load  during  penyepian of 151.50 MW. Data were analyzed with average emissions generating units for 1 hour with of HSD fuel  and Specific Fuel Consumption (SFC) generating machine  with fuel High Speed Diesel (HSD). Analysis of the reduction of electric power in 2014 reached 171.09  MW with dust emissions 443.88 (mg / m3), SO2 3099.11 (mg / m3), and NO2 404.43 (mg / m3). Analysis of the reduction of electric power in 2015 reached 163.99 MW with dust emissions 807.79 (mg / m3), SO2 5371.29 (mg / m3), and NO2 690.95 (mg / m3). Decrease of Electrical Power used during the feast Berata Penyepian is evidence or  way  that can be used to reduce emissions into the air. Because only Bali have this mode, which able to stop all activities in one day, including reducing the use of electric power.

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6

Title : Reducing costs in production processes

Authors : Darina Matiskova

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Cost reduction in manufacturing processes is nowadays very important. This paper deals with cost increases in Engineering Enterprises. When cutting conditions and tool durability optimizing, it is necessary to apply certain optimizing criterion within certain restraining conditions. The restrictions are given by technical parameters of a machine, tool, machined material, required quality of machined surface etc. The notion of „machinability of materials“ is a complex of characteristics of the machined material which is monitored in the view of its fitness for the production in a certain way of machining. The essential economic criterion is the amount of production cost.

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7

Title : Parameter Estimation for the New Weibull Pareto Distribution under Type II Censored Samples

Authors : Dr. El-Sayed, A. Elsherpieny, Dr.Yassmen, Y. Abdelall, Abeer, E. Abdelhady

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In this paper, parameters estimation under type II censored samples and the corresponding variance covariance matrix for the new Weibull–Pareto distribution are obtained. Nasiru and Luguterah (2015) Results may be considered as a special case from present results. An illustrative example is carried out by using a simulated data.

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8

Title : On The Existence of A Unique Solution for Systems of Ordinary Differential Equations of First Order

Authors : Abdussalam A. Bojeldain, Saif Alislam E. Muhammed

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In this paper, we state and prove a theorem for local existence of a unique solution for a system of nonlinear ordinary differential equations ( NODE ) of first order by proving that the nonlinear operator of this system is contractive in a metric space subset of the Banach space consisting of the bounded differentiable functions on the real numbers and equipped with a Bielescki's type norm.  Finally, we give examples to illustrate our result.

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9

Title : Design and Implementation of a Sensor-Based Traffic Control System

Authors : Adejumobi O.K., Sadiq M.O., Adedibu O.A., Ayeni M.O., Fakunle A.O.

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The problem of traffic congestion due to the rapid increase in the number of vehicles passing through Sango - Polytechnic Ibadan Junction has led to this design, ‘Sensor-Based Traffic Light Control System’.This system is designed to coordinate the smoothness of traffic during the peak hours (between 7:00-8:30am & 3:00-5:00pm) during the working days (Mondays-Fridays). The traffic light system is designed using Programmable Integrated Circuit (PIC) F1508/9 Microcontroller as the major component, Phototransistors and Infrared LEDs as Sensors for effective traffic control. The PIC is implemented via an IC programmer using a micro-C language. The developed traffic light control system worked according to specificationsusing a prototype that resembles the real application. The System gives priority to congested traffic rather than the usual fixed-time operations.  It is however recommended that the design be solar powered and more sensitive sensors such as the RFID be used to improve upon this design.In conclusion, the functionality of the prototype shows that the developed system can be used for a real life traffic control at road intersections. Besides it can be used as a teaching aid in schools and road safety agenciesfor various road users. 

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10

Title : Study of Damped Vibration of Non Homogeneous Rectangular Plate of Variable Thickness

Authors : U. S. Rana, Robin

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In the present paper damped vibrations of non-homogeneous rectangular plate of parabolically varying thickness resting on elastic foundation has been studied. The non- homogeneity of the plate material due to the variation in Young’s modulus and density is assumed, which varies exponentially. The governing equation of motion of plate of varying thickness in one direction is solved by numerical technique quintic spline for clamped-clamped and clamped- simply supported boundary conditions. The effect of damping, non-homogeneity, elastic foundation and taperness is discussed with permissible range of parameters. It is observed that nodal lines are shifted towards edge X=1 as thickness of edge X=0 increases and no change appeared in the pattern of nodal lines for non-homogeneity and elastic foundation. 

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11

Title : A Study on the Transformation of Old City Kabul

Authors : M. Umar Azizi, M. Akbar Azizi

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Kabul Old City (Shahr-e-Kohna) is located in the center of present day Kabul, over the past 3500 years its physical and social fabric has changed due to the many political conflicts and civil wars. After the wars once they received an official permit from the government, the people started to design and built their own houses. This paper based on literature review, field survey and physical appearance observation clarifies typology and transformation of post-war houses in Shahr-e-Kohna. First, the study reviews a map that shows the destroyed part of Shahr-e-Kohna in order to identify war zones and the newly developed areas. Secondly, existing of three type new constructed houses (Traditional, New and Mixed) classified as built in past 19 years. As a result, newly constructed houses did not only affect historical areas, it also treats cultural identity of Shahr-e-Kohna with losing of heritage sites for the next generations. In conclusion, the study proposes reduction of on-going modern development in order to reduce pressure to change among the other historical sites.

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12

Title : Comparing between Hysteresis Current Controller and Space Vector Modulation of Field Oriented Control when Driving PMSM This Paper has been Blacklisted due to fake payment receipt and fraud attempt to publish research paper

Authors : Hamdy Mohamed Soliman

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This Paper has been Blacklisted due to fake payment receipt and fraud attempt to publish research paper.

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13

Title : Improving Energy Generation in Nigeria by Using Combustible Waste as Alternative Fuel

Authors : Osafehinti Samuel Ibikunle

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This paper presents the strategy of improving energy generation in Nigeria by using combustible waste as alternative fuel in power plant. Household and commercial waste is being considered as fuel for electrical power generation .data obtained include volume of waste produce in sampled building  of urban, sub-urban and rural communities from field source  through direct collection of total waste produce per building in each community considered  .sample of waste was measured and classified by percentage to determine the percentage combustible wood related  waste usable as fuel in the power plant .estimated combustible waste in Edo state is 360,224 Kg per day while in Ondo state 376,228.3 Kg per day  this can independently run a 1 Mw-h waste power plant on daily basis. The process flow diagram and the energy conversion strategy to be deployed is discuss.

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14

Title : Stand Alone Self-sufficient Dual Axis Sun Tracking System and Charge Controller

Authors : Hamza Khan, Dr. Senthil Arumugam Muthukumaraswamy

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This paper explains the design of an efficient dual axis sun tracking system using a complex algorithm to calculate the azimuth and elevation angles of the sun across the sky based upon real time feedback. The algorithm function was written in C/C++ programming language and integrated along with multiple other functions which were required to operate the electromechanical structure. Detailed explanation of the analogue charge controller is also included. This paper highlights the significance of the self-sufficient system and provides analysis of the experiments conducted using the prototype model. Furthermore, the proposed prototype consists of an Arduino UNO microcontroller, real time clock module, motor drivers, stepper motors, nine volt solar panel, a lead acid brick battery and the charge controller as its main components. This system can be put to multiple uses in order to harvest maximum renewable energy from the sun as well as be used as educational material.

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15

Title : The impact of climate change on the wind energy resource of Suriname using Regional Climate Model (RCM) simulations

Authors : Naresh Ramsingh, Riad Nurmohamed

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The objective of this study was to analyze if wind energy would be efficient to use in Suriname, in order to generate power on utility scale. For this study three locations along the coast of Suriname were used: Nieuw Nickerie, Paramaribo and Galibi. The PRECIS regional model was used to do the dynamical down scaling and was also used to do correlation analysis with the available measurements. Two future time periods were used, the period of 2020-2050 and 2070-2100. The ERA40 and ECHAM4 data sets showed a correlation higher than 0.4 with the observed data set. ECHAM5 and Hadley had a very low correlation factor. Based on the ECHAM4 data, three SRES scenarios were available, namely ECHAM4 A2 (2020-2050), ECHAM4 A2 (2070-2100) and ECHAM4 B2 (2070-2100). These wind speed data were corrected and then synthesized on different heights with the simulation program Windographer. This program was also used to do power prediction on different heights and with different wind turbines. The results showed that for the period of 2020-2050, the ECHAM4 A2 (2020-2050) scenario had reasonable wind speeds that could generate power on utility scale with a CF that is in between 20 and 35%. The ECHAM4 A2 (2070-2100) and ECHAM4 B2 (2070-2100) scenarios were scenarios with very low wind power and CFs lower than 20%.

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16

Title : Advances in Machine Learning Techniques for Penaeid Shrimp Disease Detection: A Survey

Authors : P.Venkateswara Rao, Dr.A.Ramamohan Reddy, Dr.V.Sucharita

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Shrimps are affecting with various diseases. In particular, white spot disease of the shrimp is a very dangerous disease which causes huge loss to Aqua Farmers. This disease affects more into species like penaeus monodon and penaeus Vennammei. There are many Computer vision techniques are there to identify white spot disease of a shrimp. This study helps in finding effective solution through various image processing and neural network techniques to identify the white spot disease of a shrimp which helps aqua farmers in effective decision making to prevent from virus to spread among other ponds thereby increasing shrimp yield.

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17

Title : Impact of Municipal Wastes on the Water Quality around Rumuola Borrow Pit, Rivers State, Nigeria

Authors : Ngah S.A., Ubong I.U, Ozoekwe V.E

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The impact of municipal wastes dumped into the Rumuola Borrow Pit on the surface and ground water quality of its environment was assessed by analyzing the physicochemical parameters, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and heavy metals from adjoining boreholes and surface water from the borrow pit. The deposition and decomposition of municipal wastes led to an increase in acidity, BOD5 concentrations (4.9mg/l), Turbidity (13 NTU) and NO3-N values [<0.05 mg/l – 0.15 mg/l (mean 0.085mg/l)]. Analysis of Variance results showed similar trends for most parameters during the dry and wet season. Dissolved Oxygen depletion downstream is a clear indication of the impact of these municipal wastes. Surface and ground water around the borrow pit was screened for the presence of 16 Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) by Gas Chromatography with flame ionization detector (GC/FID). PAHs components recorded in the surface water ranged between 112 µg/l and 133 µg/l). PAHs were not detected in the boreholes implying that they are not being impacted by the water quality of the borrow pit. The Molecular Ratios (Phenanthrene/Anthracene) and (Fluoranthrene/Pyrene) determined the sources of PAHs found in the Rumuola Borrow Pit as pyrolytic and petrogenic.

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18

Title : Data and Knowledge Bases with Incomplete Information in a Set of Strings Framework

Authors : Igor Sheremet

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Incompleteness of information about monitored objects is immanent property of many information processing systems. That is why databases with incomplete information (DBI) modeling is constantly actual area of the theoretical computer science as well as foundation of efficiency of DBI-centered software and hardware. This article describes an approach to such modeling, the main feature of which is representation of the DBI as a finite set of so-called incomplete (N-) facts being sentential forms (SF) of context-free grammar, which set of rules form metadatabase (MDB). Relation of the mutual informativity on the N-facts set is defined, and set-theoretical, mathematical and operational semantics of the DBI data manipulation language (DML) are described, as well as generalized model of the associative storage and access supporting N-facts handling. Augmented Post systems being knowledge representation model associated with mentioned DBI are introduced.

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19

Title : Experimental study on ice formation around finned tubes

Authors : Kamal A. R. Ismail, Fatima A. M. Lino

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Phase change materials are being used for energy storage, thermal insulation of buildings and equipments due to their high storage capacity and isothermal behavior during the phase change processes. Their low thermal conductivity is a limiting factor for possible wider range of applications. The present study has the objective of investigating fins for enhancing the thermal performance of PCM storage systems. Experimental set-up was designed and instrumented to allow investigating the effects of the cooling fluid temperature, its mass flow rate, and diameter of the fin on the interface position, interface velocity and the solidified mass. The results indicate that reducing the tube wall temperature enhances the solidification velocity and increases the solidified mass. The increase of the mass flow rate has similar effects on the phase change process. The increase of the fin diameter increases the interface position, solidified mass of PCM and the interface velocity.

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20

Title : Applications of Two Dimensional Fractional Fourier-Mellin Transform to Differential Equations

Authors : V.D. Sharma, P.B. Deshmukh

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Integral transforms play wide and important role in mathematical physics, theoretical physics. Fourier-Mellin transform is used in fields like electronics, agriculture, medical etc. It has applications as registration of images, watermarks, invariant pattern recognition, preprocessing of images. In this paper we have obtained the differential operator ∧ and ∧*. Using it we have solved the differential equation of the type . Also an application of two-dimensional fractional Fourier-Mellin transform to differential equation is presented.

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21

Title : Structural textural study and physicochemical properties of a Tunisian locally clay mineral

Authors : A. Ben Othman, F. Ayari, S. Khlifi, R. Abidi

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Bentonite clay minerals belonging to the smectite group have a wide range of chemical and industrial uses. The structure and chemical composition, exchangeable ion type and small crystal size of smectite are responsible for several properties, including a large chemically active surface area, a high cation exchange capacity and inter-lamellar surface having unusual hydration characteristics it has hydrophilic property in nature. A sample collected from Ain-Berda (North Tunisia), was studied by some physico-chemical methods. Results of X-ray diffraction, chemical analysis, Infrared Spectroscopy, TEM, SEM, X-Fluorescence, Granulometry, Thermogravimetric (TGA) and differential thermal analysis (DTA), cation exchange capacities, specific and total surface, confirm the general smectite character of the collected sample.

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22

Title : Sinusoidal fetal heart rate pattern

Authors : Shinji Katsuragi, Julian T. Parer, Tomoaki Ikeda

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We describe 2 cases of term anemic fetuses with different sinusoidal pattern morphology, and possible mechanisms. CasesThe first patient noted sudden cessation of fetal movement on the day of presentation. She had a sinusoidal FHR pattern. The newborn had a hemoglobin of 3.7 g/dl, and umbilical artery pH was 7.10 and BE -7 mEq/l. The second patient noted decreased fetal movement for several days. She had a FHR pattern with absent FHR variability, and intermittent sinusoidal elements, with late decelerations. The newborn’s hemoglobin was 1.5 g/dl, umbilical artery pH was 7.07 and BE -10.2 mEq/l. Both cases had positive Kleihauer-Betke tests.

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