T R A C K       P A P E R

Login Panel

Close tab

Password Meter

Volume 3 Issue 10 (October 2016)

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Impact of structuring networks on fight against flooding in Grand Yoff, Dakar, Senegal

Authors : Saidou NDAO, Alassane BA, Mamadou Wade, El hadji Bamba DIAW, Gregoire SISSOKO

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

Grand Yoff, like many localities of niayes area, in Senegal, has experienced devastating floods in 2005, 2009 and 2012. The Senegalese authorities have long opted for the emergency solution what is to set up pumps to relieve populations rainwater invading. But since October 2012, the State of Senegal has established a Ministry of the Restructuring and Spatial flood zones (MRAZI) to ensure the well-being of people living in these areas. The state has also pledged to take measures to reduce the risk of flooding by raising regulatory, and to get financial means in order to achieve structuring networks that could bring lasting solutions to the fight against floods. The EPA SWMM software used for the simulations shows that the existing system was outdated and some structuring works made recently are at risk of overflowing with a decennial rain Kiefer type.

1-6
2

Title : An Optimal Replenishment Policy under Conditions of Permissible Delay in Payment and Shortages

Authors : Shih-Ming Ou

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

Most of the past research on economic replenishment quantity did not consider the trade credit period. In practice, however, companies in Taiwan have shown that taking the trade credit period into account when they are making inventory decisions decreases costs substantially. The aim of this paper was to develop an inventory model that incorporates a delay in payments for permissible shortages to minimize the total inventory-relevant cost. The optimal replenishment policy of the proposed model was identified by utilizing the global optimum conditions and non-constrained quadratic nonlinear programming. A numerical example was also generated.

7-12
3

Title : Impact Of The Land Market On Spatial Development: A Study Of EJISU Township, Ghana

Authors : Wilfred Ebo Sam-Awortwi, John Kwadwo Boateng Kwatia, Augustine Yaw Asuah

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

A proficient land market stimulates orderly spatial development and improves quality of life in an environment. This is because activities involved in the disposition and acquisition of land spatially impact the growth and development of towns and cities. Consequently, a well-organized land market is required to promote satisfactory human settlement development. The overall objective of the study was to determine how circumstances in the land market affect the physical development of Ejisu Township, the capital of Ejisu-Juaben Municipality in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. The case study approach was adopted; as well as purposive, stratified and simple random sampling techniques. The study indicates that the acquisition of land from the stool positively enhances spatial development, since the allocation is based on the layout of the town. This ensures that spatial development conforms to the physical planning scheme. Conversely, it was observed that a little more than a quarter (29.8%) of developers did not acquire their lands from the stool. The study recommends that the city authority are to pay particular attention to the ‘re-market’ situation created as a result of lands being acquired for speculative reasons; to enhance security of tenure by promoting proper documentation and ensuring conformity to physical plans.

13-19
4

Title : Wood as a Sustainable Building Material in Residential Buildings in Albania

Authors : Denisa Hajnaj

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

The European Commission has played an important role for the EU countries on the construction sector helping them in selecting new ecological materials,technologies and building codes. Our country has experienced many transition periods but the past solutions on the construction sector have shown for contemporary solutions. Why not referring to the valuable past applications in interior spaces and exterior architectural building language? Nowadays,helping the urban environment of our country,results to be unreachable goal. Building legislations,General Regulatory Plans ,the Strategic Environmental Assessment are instruments that can succefully lead to a sustainable environment and a healthy life.

20-22
5

Title : Effect of magnesium sulfate on various properties of lithium formate monohydrate crystals

Authors : G.Emerson Robin, U.Sankar, T.Chithambarathanu, P.Selvarajan

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

Undoped and magnesium sulphate doped lithium formate monohydrate  crystals have been grown by slow evaporation solution growth technique. Solubility studies for the samples were carried out in the temperature range 30 to 60 oC. X-ray diffraction studies confirm that the grown crystals crystallize in orthorhombic system. Mechanical parameter such as microhardness was evaluated by Vicker’s hardness test. Laser damage threshold values were measured for the samples. SHG efficiency was measured using a Nd.YAG laser. The measurement of dielectric constant, dielectric loss of the grown crystals was carried out at different frequencies.  EDAX studies were made to identify the elements present in the samples. The results obtained from the various studies of the grown crystals were discussed.

23-26
6

Title : Physical And Chemical Properties Of Pumpkin In ADO-EKITI

Authors : Oloko S.A., Filani A.O.

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

The study was undertaken to determine the physical and chemical properties of pumpkin.  Two varieties of pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata and Winter crookneck squasch) were used for the study and termed variety A and B respectively.  Moisture content of the two varieties varying from 12.6% to 28.6% (dry basis), the thickness, major diameter, intermediate diameter and minor diameter, sphericity and mass of Cucurbita moschata which is variety A increased linearly from 5.88 to 7.10mm, 16.02mm; to 24.72mm; 10.68mm to 18.18mm; 11.02mm to 19.24mm; 0; 0.75 to 0.80; 1.68kg to 2.78kg while thickness, major, intermediate and minor diameter, sphericity and mass of winter crookneck squash which is variety B increased linearly from 5.92mm to 7.22mm, 16.06mm to 24.41mm; 11.00mm to 18.28mm, 11.48mm to 19.40mm; 0.77 to 0.81; 1.70kg to 2.80kg.  The coefficient of friction on plywood increased from 28.6° to 42.8° respectively.  The nutritional values of pumpkin determined show that the crop has high percentage of protein (24.4%) while both fat and ash content has the lowest nutritional value of 0.5% each.

27-30
7

Title : Ultimate Analysis of some Nigerian coal: Ranking and Suitable Application

Authors : Solomon Akila Ryemshak, ALiyu Jauro, Julius Danladi Putshaka, Ronald Makan Sori

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

Ultimate analysis was carried out to determine the elemental composition of some Nigerian coal samples viz: Garin Maiganga (GMGA3 – top layer and GMGB – base layer), Chikila (CHK), Lamza (LMZ) and Afuzie (AFZ); in order to ascertain their ranks for appropriate utilization. Carbon, hydrogen and oxygen were theoretically (numerically) determined and the results fall between 78.26 – 83.37 %, 5.73 – 6.00 % and 7.98 – 12.55 % respectively. Sulphur and nitrogen were determined conventionally by Eschka and Kjeldah method respectively; and the sulphur content fall between 0.68 – 0.87 %, while that of nitrogen was between 1.98 – 2.54 %. Generally, the coal samples had low elemental contents (with the exception of carbon), which implies low mineral compounds which are undesirable because of their adverse effect on operational system, environment, products and ultimate users, and so they are safe for various application taking advantage of their high carbon contents. The investigation of the coal samples revealed that all are of sub-bituminous rank and are of good grade (low sulphur content) that can be utilized for gasification, liquefaction, power generation and coking technology – both conventional and formed coke making, for domestic and industrial fuel making. 

31-35
8

Title : An intelligent System for Diagnosis Schizophrenia and Bipolar Diseases based on Support Vector Machine with Different Kernels

Authors : M.I. El Gohary., T.A.Al Zohairy, A.M. Eissa., S. El Deghaidy, H.M. Hussein

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

Bipolar disorder and schizophrenia overlap in symptoms and may share some underlying neural substrates. The discrimination between the two diseases is one of the problems that face psychiatric experts. This paper will propose some solutions to this problem based on the artificial methods. The support vector machine (SVM) is used for discrimination based on measuring of the patient EEG rhythms. The large set of features included in the EEG rhythms is reduced into smaller set of features after Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) segmentation. Different kernels are applied on the SVM which are linear, polynomial, quadratic and radial basis function. The application of SVM with different kernels for the EEG discrimination of the patients suffering from schizophrenia and bipolar diseases is the core of this work. Experimental results have shown that the proposed algorithms will solve the discrimination between the two diseases using EEG rhythms and the support vector machine with linear and quadratic kernels have achieved a high performance rate equal to 98 % and 97.667% respectively compared to the other kernels.

36-40
9

Title : Statistical Modeling of EMG Signal

Authors : Naufel B. Mohammed, Atta A. Saeed, Avan M. Ahmed

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

The aim of this research is to measure and build a statistical model of EMG signals . A linear regression method was applied as a statistical modeling method ,the common types of linear regression models was explored. The electromyography (EMG) was measured from the two hands of a person as a way to perform noise reduction with the use of XOR logical operation facilities . To measure EMG signals, the research used six OLIMEX  EMG shield , controlled  by Arduino 328 control board , a new classification and modeling of EMG signals of 5 movements of an arm are presented. One of the six channels  used for the EMG  measurements was used as a  reference channel , while the remaining as a measuring channels . The resultant  EMG of each channel was considered as an independent variable (emg)  for the linear regression model and the movement angle (degree) as a dependent variable for the model.

41-45
10

Title : Application of an improved high order PDE in image edge detection

Authors : Yu Bowen

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

The two order partial differential equation in the image edge detection, has good edge holding ability, but there will be a "piecewise constant" effect, leading to false edges produced. Partial differential equation of higher order is very good to overcome the "piecewise constant" effect, but the ability of keeping edge drop, resulting in blurred edge. Therefore, this paper proposes a model for edge detection fusion of two order partial differential equation with four order partial differential equations, gives the Euler Lagrange equation and the gradient descent flow, and introduces the numerical discretization method.Finally a numerical validation is performed by the edge detection of objective evaluation index. Experiments show that, this method is very effectively in the image edge extraction, and overcome "piecewise constant" effect , edge blur and other shortcomings, improving the extraction results.

46-51