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Volume 3 Issue 1 (January 2016)

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Call Admission Control Using Neural Network and SVM

Authors : Poonam Sanap

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Abstract :

Abstract— This research work introduces and conditionally look over a software based method for Call Admission Control using Neural Network and SVM. In this paper, Call Admission Control scheme using Neural Network and SVM is proposed for better QoS. THE rising demand for mobile communication services is increasing the importance of efficient use of the limited bandwidth and frequency spectrum. In recent years, considerable efforts have focused on the Channel Allocation and Call Admission Control (CAC) problems and many schemes that range from static to dynamic strategies have been proposed in the literature. Call Admission Control is a provisioning strategy used to limit the number of call connections into the networks in order to reduce the network congestion and provide the desired Quality of Service (QoS) to users in service. Traditional CAC schemes that mainly focus on the tradeoff between new call blocking probability and handoff call blocking probability cannot solve the problem of congestion in wireless networks. To overcome the problems arises due to traditional CAC schemes we propose a new CAC using hybrid technique i.e. SVM and Neural network.

1-5
2

Title : Some Aspects on Pervious Concrete

Authors : R. Selvaraj, M. Amirthavarshini

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Abstract—  Pervious concrete or enhanced porosity concrete has a strictly gap graded coarse aggregate phase and little or no fine aggregates so as to facilitate the formation of an interconnected network of pores in the material. The material is designed with cementitious material content just enough to coat the coarse aggregate particles so that a configuration that allows the passage of water at a much higher rate than conventional concrete. The pervious concrete has many advantages that improves city environment, recharges the ground by rain water and could be used as pavement for light vehicles, pedestrian pathways, parking lots, also it reduces the tire pavement interaction noise etc. the effectiveness of a pervious concrete pavement depends as the intrinsic permeability of the mass, and normally this is defined by the porosity. It has been observed that porosity alone is an inadequate indicator of the permeability of pervious concretes, since the permeability depends on pore sizes, geometry and connectivity also. This paper presents a new method for determining the permeability of pervious concrete and provides design methodology to prepare pervious concrete based on experimental characteristics test values of pervious concretes.

6-10
3

Title : Tele-service through the InterNet-world-wide-web of laboratory equipments according to the NAMUR recommendations and remote control by an integrated camera

Authors : Baez Galeano.Julissa M, Rabesiaka.Rivo J, Razanamparany. Bruno, Razafindrazanakolona. Daniel, Andrianantenaina.M Hajamalala

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Abstract— Research laboratories and the current enterprises turn toward the automation of their instruments [1]. Not having not a robust and versatile enough control software can become disadvantageous [2] and will involve a supplementary load for the purchase and the staff' straining. Hence, this work is the fruit of the development of a control interface through Internet of the equipments that follows the NAMUR recommendations. It permits to remote control and to integrate easily new equipments due to the flexibility and to the conviviality of its interface without needing computer literacy. Some applications were carried out to measure the hardiness and the reliability of this new system. In spite of the few observed mistakes, one can conclude that the developed software is reliable. This application satisfies the primordial needs of the user: adaptation capacity and easiness of use [3]. It also has an attractive external functional capacity following the 9126 norm that defines the quality of a software [4,5].

11-16
4

Title : Overview and Features of Generic Security Protocols for Cloud Computing Environment

Authors : Rashid Husain

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Abstract - In this research paper we are describing the several generic protocols use in Cloud computing environment. Now-a-days Cloud Computing has become very important in large and small enterprise so security has also become very important for Cloud Computing. Several technique use to protect the cloud. Techniques are implemented by protocols. This paper is based on overview of protocols that use in Cloud computing environment. The protocols of cloud computing can also use in different security system such as Cryptonet System, Mailing System and Authentication System.

17-20
5

Title : Effect of Sulphates (Na2So4) On Concrete with Sugarcane Bagasse Ash as a Pozzolana

Authors : P V Rambabu, K.Dendhendra Gupta, G V Ramarao

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This paper presents the results of an experimental work that was carried out to determine the effect of sugarcane bagasse ash (SCBA) on the durability of concrete to Sulphate attack when Sugarcane Bagasse ash is utilized as cement replacement material. Sugarcane bagasse ash (SCBA) is a fibrous waste product obtained from sugar mills as byproduct, which is obtained by burning of Sugarcane Bagasse at 700 to 800 degree Centigrade in sugar refining industry. The Bagasse Ash, then ground until the particles passing the 90 micron. Sugarcane Bagasse ash mainly contains aluminium ion, silica, iron & calcium oxides. The objective of this work is to study the influence of partial replacement of cement with sugarcane bagasse ash in concrete subjected to different curing environments. A study on salt resistance of concrete using Na2So4 Solution is observed. The variable factors considered in this study were concrete of grade M35 for a curing period of 28 days, 60 days and 90 days of the concrete specimens in 1%, 3%, 5% Na2Sosolution. Bagasse ash has been partially replaced in the ratio of 0%, 5%, 6%, 7%, 8%, 9%, and 10% by weight. The effect of Sodium Sulphate is determines by the loss of strength with respect to the conventional concrete which has been determined.

21-25
6

Title : On Calculus of Manifolds with Special Emphasis of 3D Minkowski Space M2,1

Authors : Anis I Saad

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In this paper, we explain some topics of calculus of manifold, especially for the spacetime symmetry topic. With emphasis of 3D Minkowski differential geometry. The most important symmetries are  , A diffeomorphism of this symmetry is called the isometry. If a one-parameter group of isometries is generated by a vector field, then "this vector field is called a Killing vector field. Which shows that the Lei derivative is vanishing" [14]. Moreover the one parameter group of diffeomorphism called the flow. However the Poincare' group "is the group of isometries of Minkowski spacetime. Also "it is a full symmetry of special relativity includes the translations , rotation and boosts" [11].

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7

Title : Effect of Nanofluids on Heat Pipe Thermal Performance: A Review of the Recent Literature

Authors : P M Sonawane, M D Shende, V P Baisane

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Normally conventional fluids are used in heat pipes to remove the heat based on a temperature range for its particular operating conditions [1] (see Fig.2). The addition of the nano particles to the base fluid is one of the significant issues to enhance the heat transfer of heat pipes. The purpose of this review is to summarize the research done on heat pipes using nanofluids as working fluids in recent years (2012 to 2013). This review article provides additional information for the design of heat pipes with optimum conditions regarding the heat transfer characteristics of nanofluids in heat pipes. Moreover, this paper identifies several important issues that should be considered further in future works.

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8

Title : Different Socioeconomic Factors Associated with Cervical Cancer

Authors : Dr. Firdous Ansari

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Cervical cancer is the third most common cancer among women. It account for 13% of all female cancers and 85% of these new cases occur in developing countries. This study is a critical review of literature concerning with different risk factors of cervical cancer. In the last section of the study discussion is made for further research point of view.

36-38
9

Title : Variable Neighbourhood Search for Uncapacitated Warehouse Location Problems

Authors : Kemal Alaykiran, Mehmet Hacibeyoglu

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Uncapacitated warehouse location problem (UWLP) is one of the basic problems of operations research and supply chain management literature. In this paper, four variations of variable neighbourhood search (VNS) algorithms are used where the first three are fundamental algorithms which are used and proposed in the literature where the fourth one is a hybrid use of iterated local search (ILS) and variable neighbourhood search (VNS), to solve the instances at a well-known and studied problem set. There are 15 problem instances with increasing number of potential warehouses and customers in this set. The results show that the proposed variation of the algorithm outperforms the traditional versions of variable neighbourhood search.

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10

Title : Growth And Studies Of Nickel Chloride Doped Sodium Fluoro Antimonate Crystals

Authors : R.Kumuthini, P.Selvarajan, S.Selvaraj

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Undoped and Nickel chloride doped sodium fluoro antimonite (SFA) crystals were grown by slow evaporation technique at room temperature. The solubility of the samples in water has been measured at different temperatures. The values of lattice  parameters of the samples were obtained by X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies. The microhardness was measured for the samples at different applied loads. EDAX spectrum has been recorded for nickel chloride doped SFA crystal to identify the elements presents in the sample. The decomposition point of the sample was identified by TG/DTA studies. Laser damage threshold (LDT) value of the samples was measured and dielectric properties were measured at different frequencies and temperatures. Second harmonic generation (SHG) efficiency of the samples was measured using Kurtz powder technique. 

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11

Title : Building a Distributed Decision Support System Architecture for National Health Care

Authors : Sinyinda Muwanei, Douglas Kunda, Gilbert Sibajene

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There are several benefits for developing a distributed decision support system for national health care. Decision makers especially in the health sector of the nation will make timely, informative and accurate decisions as both detailed and aggregated data from different health centres or facilities in the nation will be at their disposal together with various tools for analysis of data. The paper describes the architecture and prototype of distributed decision support system for national health care. 

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12

Title : On Geodesics of 3D Surfaces of Rotations in Euclidean and Minkowskian Spaces

Authors : Anis I. Saad, Saif Alislam E. Muhammed, Tarig S. Elmabrouk

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In this paper we review geodesics on  surfaces of revolution in classical differential geometry, and prove the  analogous result in three-dimensional Minowski space; which does have three types of surfaces of rotations [9]. So there are three types of geodesics on those surfaces.  Then we introduce some examples explicitly in both cases; the usual one which Euclidean space and the cases of Minkowskian spaces considering a time-like geodesic. And then we visualize some geodesics on those surfaces using Maple. Which showing how the Euclidean and Minkowskian geodesics are differ.

55-60
13

Title : On the Empirical Study of Elemental Analysis and Metal Testing using XRF Spectrum Analysis Algorithm

Authors : Girish Balasubramanian, Senthil Arumugam Muthukumaraswamy

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This paper proposes an algorithm to perform quick X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) spectrum analysis to be used for metal testing and quality control by empirical studies. The metal industry usually deals with large volumes of scrap and metal during recycling. High speed sorting and testing of these metals allow for increased workflow while ensuring accurate identification of these metals. In this paper, An XRF spectrometer (X-MET8000 by Oxford Instruments) was used to gather raw spectra from some alloys. These spectra were fed into a MATLAB script that was designed to implement an algorithm which quickly identifies the elemental content of the sample by comparing it with the spectra input using Pearson correlation coefficients. Spectra from different alloys were analysed using the proposed XRF analyser algorithm in order to accelerate the identification of the elemental content of the sample. The proposed algorithm is successfully proved for the empirical method to which effectively identifies the elemental composition of the sample. This algorithm can also be used for testing of hazardous material. The elemental composition is then compared with the standard benchmark samples of the required alloy for verification as a measure of quality control and a pass is given for matching the composition of the alloy. The computational efficiency of the proposed algorithm is also tested using the MATLAB profiler and was observed to be around 0.003 seconds for quality control and 0.056 seconds for alloy identification.

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14

Title : A Novel Control Strategy Using fuzzy Technique for Single Phase Nine-Level Grid-Connected Inverter for Photovoltaic system

Authors : P.Bhaskara Prasad, S.Muqthair Ali, K.Venkateswarlu

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This paper proposes fuzzy logic controller based a single-phase nine-level inverter for grid-connected photovoltaic systems, with a novel pulse width-modulation (PWM) control scheme. Four reference signals produces from fuzzy logic controller which are identical to each other are going to compare with the amplitude of the triangular carrier signal. The inverter is capable of producing of  nine levels of output-voltage levels (Vdc , 3Vdc /4, Vdc /2,Vdc/4, 0, −Vdc , −3Vdc/4, −Vdc/2Vdc/4)  from the dc supply voltage. The total harmonic distortion is reduces by this control strategy. The proposed system was verified through simulation The total harmonic distortion is reduces by this control strategy. The proposed system was verified through simulation.

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15

Title : Battery Lifetime Extension Using Super capacitors in Small-Scale Wind-Energy System with fuzzy logic control

Authors : K.Harinath Reddy, S.Sarada, J.Venkata Ravi Kumar

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Because of the variable attributes of renewable era, batteries utilized as a part of renewable-force frameworks can experience numerous unpredictable, incomplete charge/release cycles. This study shows a technique for enhancing battery lifetime in a little scale remote-zone wind-power framework by the utilization of a battery/super capacitor half breed vitality stockpiling framework. An agent element model of the general framework, consolidating practical wind-speed and load power varieties has been produced.

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16

Title : Robust Decentralized Control - A Linear Matrix Inequality(LMI)-Based Design

Authors : Chieh-Chuan Feng

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This paper investigates decentralized control for linear time-invariant systems with norm-bounded time-varying structured uncertainty. We derive LMI conditions ensuring robust stability. We also show how to incorporate performance robustness, where performance is measured by the H¥ gain of the decentralized system. The potential of the proposed technique has been demonstrated by a simulation example of three coupled inverted pendulums.

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17

Title : Corrosion and its effect on wire rope used in underground coal mines

Authors : R. P. Singh, Mousumi Mallick, M. K. Verma

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Industries in India play an important role in the economic growth of country. These industries face challenging conditions in effective corrosion estimation, prevention and control. The corrosion cost in any developing country is predicted by 5% of the GDP which is significant to all countries. In this paper brief information about corrosion and its types has been given. The effects of corrosion in our daily lives are both direct where corrosion affects the useful service lives of our possessions, and indirect where in producers and suppliers of goods and services incur corrosion costs, which they pass on to consumers. Corrosion poses a serious threat to mining industries as well. Wire rope which is an intricate device made up of a number of precise moving parts used in underground mines. The amount of corroded metal is a function of the surface which oxygen can attack. Steel wire ropes have an exposed surface about 16 times larger than a steel bar of the same diameter and will therefore corrode correspondingly faster. Here in this paper, how corrosion can seriously shorten wire rope life, both by metal loss and by formation of corrosion pits in the wires has been described. Static ropes (suspension ropes or rope sections lying over a saddle or an equalizer sheave) are more likely to corrode faster than running ropes/ winding ropes. This has been illustrated with failure analysis of two different types of wire ropes used in coal mines, one guide rope which is static in nature and one winding rope which is a moving rope. From the two case studies it is found that the static guide rope used in coal mines has been failed due to excessive corrosion resulted in high reduction in diameter.

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18

Title : Influence of Processing Techniques on the Nutritional and Anti-Nutritional Properties of Pigeon Pea (Cajanus Cajan)

Authors : Pele G.I., Oladiti E.O., Bamidele P.O., Fadipe E.A.

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Pigeon pea is a perennial legume shrub often grown in a wide range of soil textures, from sandy soils to heavy clays. The study therefore investigated the effect of processing methods on the nutritional and anti-nutritional properties of pigeon pea. Pigeon peas were subjected to different processing methods which were sun drying and milling which serves as the control (sample A); soaking for 24 h, sun drying and milling (sample B); soaking for 12 h, de-hulling, sun drying and milling (sample C) and sprouting for 120 h, sun drying and milling (sample D). The proximate composition of pigeon pea showed that crude protein ranged from 16.74 to 38.43% with a significant increase in sample A, C and D while the crude fat that ranged from 11.80 to 24.61% showed significant difference in the samples. The moisture content which ranged from 7.91 to 13.65% is significantly highest in sample D. The anti-nutritional composition of the samples showed that phytic acid ranged from 5.27 to 7.61% with a significant decrease in sample D. The tannin content ranged from 11.52 to 14.72 mg/100g while protease inhibitor is 5.09 to 7.60%. The study however showed that traditional processing techniques significantly reduced the anti-nutritional properties.

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19

Title : Batch Adsorption Kinetics of Zinc Ions Using Activated Carbon from Waste Nigerian Bamboo

Authors : Ademiluyi F.T, Alex Abidde

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Batch adsorption kinetics of Zinc ions using activated carbon from waste Nigerian bamboo was investigated. The bamboo was cut into sizes,  washed,  dried and carbonized at 300oC-500oC. It was then activated at 800oC using nitric acid.  The effect of contact time on the adsorption of zinc ions in aqueous solution was also investigated and were found to significantly affect the adsorption capacity of zinc ions . The adsorption process fitted well into the Freundlich, and Langmuir isotherm models indicating a monolayer formation over the surface of the material. Langmuir isotherm had monolayer saturation capacity of 250 mg/g  of zinc ions adsorbed per g of bamboo activated carbon and high adsorption intensity of 1.579. In order to determine the mechanism of sorption, kinetic data were modeled using the pseudo first order , pseudo second order kinetic equations, and intra-particle diffusion model. The pseudo second order equation was the best applicable model to describe the sorption process. Hence the pseudo second order kinetic reaction is the rate controlling step with some intra particle diffusion taking place during the adsorption.

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Title : Effect of Process Parameters on the Single Adsorption of Zinc and Nickel ions Using Activated Carbon from Waste Nigerian Bamboo

Authors : Ademiluyi F.T, Nwanam Rodney

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The study focused on the effect of process parameters on the single adsorption of Zinc and Nickel ions using activated carbon from waste Nigerian bamboo.  The bamboo was cut into sizes, washed,  dried and carbonized at 300oC-500oC. The carbonized bamboo was then activated at 800oC using nitric acid.  The effect of process parameters such as particle size, carbon dosage, initial concentration of adsorbate on the single adsorption of Zinc and Nickel ions in aqueous solution was also investigated and were found to significantly affect the adsorption capacity of Zinc and Nickel  ions in solution using activated carbon from waste Nigerian bamboo. For optimum adsorption of Zinc and Nickel ions in solution, particle size of Nigerian bamboo activated carbon less than 150 mm should be used for batch operations. The amount of Nickel ions adsorbed at equilibrium within initial adsorbate concentration of 28mg/L - 223mg/L was 28mg/g - 170mg/g, while The amount of Zinc ions adsorbed at equilibrium within initial concentration of 28mg/L - 227mg/L was 26mg/g - 185mg/g  for carbon dosage of 10g/L .  The results obtained showed that Nigerian Bamboo is highly effective in the single adsorption of Zinc and Nickel ions in solution.

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21

Title : Detection and Prevention of Blackhole Attack, Wormhole Attack in MANET Using ACO

Authors : A. Radhika, Dr. D.Haritha

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(Mobile Adhoc network) is a infrastructure less network used for wireless communication. MANET can be built with the mobile nodes which can move anywhere at any time. This results into the dynamic topology of MANET. Each node is responsible for routing the message from one node to the other like a router, causes network more vulnerable to the different attacks. In this paper we will discuss  Black Hole Attack a type of DOS attack and Worm Hole Attack. The emphasis of this paper is find detection method and prevention of these attacks in manets using Antnet Routing algorithm based on Ant Colony Optimization(ACO) framework.

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22

Title : Comparative study of OLR and HRT in different reactors and substrates for Biogas production

Authors : Aysha Sherieff, A. Swaroopa Rani, Zahoorullah.S.MD

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Organic Loading Rate (OLR) is a parameter that indicates how many kilograms of organic dry solids are loaded per meter cube of digester volume and unit of time. HRT is the relation of reactor volume and the volume of daily feed that represents the average time the raw materials spend in the biogas digester. The longer the HRT, the more of the organic matter is degraded. Hydraulic Retention Time (HRT) and OLR affect the biogas process. OLR is the quantity of organic matter to be treated in a specific process at a given time and is related to HRT. All biogas process have a threshold Organic Loading Rate above which it cannot be increased due to either technical limitations that high Total Solids (TS) for the plant design results in inefficient mixing and blockages or microbiological limitations with high Volatile Solids (VS) in feed resulting in intermediate inhibition. The paper compares the OLR and HRT of different reactors using different substrates for Biogas Production. 

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