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Volume 1 Issue 2 (November)

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Title : Evaluation of Phytoremediation Potential of Lantana camara for Heavy Metals in an Industrially Polluted Area in Bhopal, India

Authors : Ashwini A. Waoo, Swati Khare, Sujata Ganguly

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Abstract :

Soil contamination from industrial effluents and mining activities is a widespread concern all over the world. Generally soil act as the buffer zone between atmosphere and underground water, thus soil contamination creates a serious threat to soil and to the surrounding biosphere. This research program is aimed to make an in-depth investigation about the remediation of contaminated sites from various metal contaminants using specific plants. This study concentrates on the evaluation of phytoremediation potential of Lantana camara for the surroundings of industrial area of Bhopal, which is heavily affected by heavy metal pollution. The aim of our research was to identify some interesting accumulators which may associate an important biomass production with an effective absorption and translocation of heavy metals. The present study is focused on the ability of the native plant to accumulate and tolerate high concentrations of heavy metals on heavy metal supplemented M S medium in tissue culture, which are often associated in polluted areas.


Title : Ethno-medicinal Practices for the Treatment of Asthma, Diuretic, Jaundice, Piles, Rheumatism and Vomiting at the Village Abdullahpur under Akkelpur Upazilla of Joypurhat District, Bangladesh

Authors : A.H.M. Mahbubur Rahman

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Abstract : An ethno-medicinal study was conducted from July 2013 to June 2014 to investigation the uses of medicinal plants by Santhal community at the village Abdullahpur of Joypurhat district of Bangladesh. This article focuses on the treatment of asthma, diuretic, jaundice, piles, rheumatism and vomiting. The present paper reported 33 medicinal plants belonging to 21 families and 30 genera. Habit analysis shows that herbs, shrubs, climbers and trees are represented by 12, 6, 3 and 12 species, respectively. For each species scientific name, local name, family, habit, mode of uses and part(s) used are provided. This detailed information will be helpful for the pharmacognosist, botanist, ethno-botanist and pharmacologist for the collection and identification of the plant for their research work and isolation of plant products benefitting human health.

Title : Design Of Waste Stabilization Pond For Sewage Treatment At Nigerian Defence Academy Staff Quarters, Permanent Site Mando Kaduna

Authors : I Abdullahi, I Nasiru, A Saminu, L Sagir, E Charity

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Abstract : Waste treatment is normally by two main methods which are mechanical and natural. Mechanical method of treating wastes comprises of sanitary sewer system, aerated lagoons with mechanical aerator, this poses problem due to non availability of electricity to power the machine constantly and mechanical defect that hinders smooth operation. There is also cost of chemical to treat the sewage. Natural method has proven to be more effective and less expensive. This made the natural method to be adopted as a major method for treating wastes in many countries. This methods involves the use of ponds. These are large shallow basins enclosed by earthen embankment in which raw sewage is treated by entirely natural process involving both algae and bacteria. Wastes are usually treated by supplying them with oxygen so that bacteria can utilize the waste as food.

Title : Design of HPCF with nearly zero flattened Chromatic Dispersion

Authors : Ravindra Kumar Sharma, Sunil Sharma

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Abstract :

Here we have consider an air-silica honeycomb lattice and demonstrate a new approach to the formation of a core defect. The honeycomb lattice has recently been suggested for the formation of a photonic band-gap guiding silica-core. Here we discuss how a core defect can be formed by manipulating the cladding region rather than the core region itself. There are so many difficulties occur during the design process. Because when parameters are being changed the designing varies accordingly. For this purpose we have use HPCF in scalar effective index method (SEIM) and consider chromatic dispersion of HPCF for having air hole diameter 1.0 micro.m, and pitch 2.0 micro.m. The maximum pitch can be consider as 5.0 micro.m and air hole diameter is 9.0 micro.m. Transparent boundary condition (TBC) is proposed here for the calculation of Refractive index of HPCF.