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ISSN:2394-3661 | Crossref DOI | SJIF: 5.138 | PIF: 3.854

International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

(An ISO 9001:2008 Certified Online and Print Journal)

Multivariate Analysis of Variance of Effect of Extra Lesson on Secondary School Students Academic Performance in English Language and Mathematics in Kwara State

( Volume 8 Issue 2,February 2021 ) OPEN ACCESS
Author(s):

Udokang Anietie Edem, Odeyemi Joseph Bamidele

Keywords:

Type of extra lesson, Duration of extra lesson, Academic performance, Assessment, Multivariate analysis of variance

Abstract:

The study examined the Multivariate Analysis of duration and type of extra lessons undertaken by students and their effects on academic performance in secondary school using Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA). The study covers some selected schools in each of the three senatorial districts (zones) of Kwara State, Nigeria. The data collected was through the use of questionnaire and assessment test in English Language and Mathematics from 1191 randomly selected students. The outcome of MANOVA shown that type and duration of extra lessons contributed significantly to the performance of students in English Language and Mathematics combined together but their interaction was not significant. Further study using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) revealed that type and duration of extra lessons have significant effect on students’ academic performance in English Language as well as Mathematics. The pair of school and home extra lessons with school and holiday extra lessons were responsible for the significant effects. In the duration of extra lesson three pairs of combinations; an hour and more than 3 hours extra lessons, 2 hours and more than 3 hours extra lessons and 3 hours and more than 3 hours extra lessons contributed significantly to the students’ academic performance in English Language as well as Mathematics. The holiday extra lesson and home extra lesson did better when compared to school extra lesson, hence the two are recommended for students with a duration that will not affects their extracurricular activities.

DOI DOI :

https://dx.doi.org/10.31873/IJEAS.8.2.04

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