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ISSN:2394-3661 | Crossref DOI | SJIF: 5.138 | PIF: 3.854

International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

(An ISO 9001:2008 Certified Online and Print Journal)

Endogenous Starter Bacteria Associated to Chanterelle mycelia Enhance Aroma, color and growth of mycelia

( Volume 3 Issue 9,September 2016 ) OPEN ACCESS
Author(s):

Neila Saidi, Shweta Deshaware, Ilef Ben Romdhane, Matab Nadim, Marwa Laaribi, Abdelkader Ltifi, Robert Kremer, Salem Shamekh

Abstract:

Chanterelle (Cantharellus cibarius) mushroom can be cultured from its fruit body on agar medium. The present study showed that the growth rate of chanterelle mycelia in agar medium is slow whereas the pigment of the cultured mycelia was medium dependent. Different mycelia colors were detected in this study: from orange to pink and brown.This study also revealed bacterial growth near mycelia fragments, which appeared only at the initial phase of mycelia growth after which the mycelia continued to grow, blocking bacterial growth in the center of the agar plates. Therefore, we presumed that these bacteria were able to transfer the color to the chanterelle mycelia and may serve as fungal growth helper bacteria. The first step was to isolate these accompanying bacteria in pure culture and relate its phenotypical aspect to the mycelia aspect. The second step consisted of chemically treating the mycelia to suppress bacteria around and verify the mycelia’s ability to enhance or decrease color production. As a third step, the Chanterelle mycelia were treated separately with different chemical reagents [Sodium nitrate, Potassium phosphate monobasic, Ammonium nitrate, Citric acid, Acetic acid, Boric acid (0.05 g/ml), 1% NaOH, 1% KOH and 0.5%.HCl] followed by incubation in different agar plates. We demonstrated that some treatments killed all bacteria after which the mycelia lost its growth capacity. As a final step, agar plates showing no development of mycelia were inoculated with bacteria. After this inoculation, mycelia growth resumed and obtained the color of the inoculated bacteria. The results clearly showed that endogenous bacteria present in Chanterelle mycelia serve to initiate mycelial growth and impart color to the Chanterelle mycelia. The isolated bacteria produced aromas, lecithinase, amylase and laccase as well. However, these bacteria were unable to produce oxidase, catalase or protease.

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