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ISSN:2394-3661 | Crossref DOI | SJIF: 5.138 | PIF: 3.854

International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

(An ISO 9001:2008 Certified Online and Print Journal)

Detection of Intravenous Infiltration in the Posterior Ear of the Rabbit Using Bioelectrical Impedance: Pilot Study

( Volume 4 Issue 5,May 2017 ) OPEN ACCESS

Jaehyung Kim, Beumjoo Shin, Mansup Lee, Yongjin Kim, Ihnsook Jeong, Gyerok Jeon


Early detection of infiltration is essential to minimize the injuries caused by infiltration. This is one of the most important tasks for nurses infusing intravenous (IV) solution or medications into the blood vessels. In this paper, infiltration phenomena were studied as a function of frequency and time using a bioelectrical impedance analyzer. When IV solution was properly infused into the vein on the back of rabbit, the impedance parameters (impedance, resistance, reactance, and capacitance) measured at five injection sites showed almost similar behavior with very slight standard deviations. On the other hand, the impedance parameters were significantly different before and after infiltration during infusing IV saline solution at the rate of 4 drops per minute into the small vein in the posterior ear of the rabbit. This is because the ears of the rabbit are thin and the vein is narrow so that IV solution temperately penetrates into the skin or subcutaneous tissue at infiltration and does not accumulate well thereafter. These studies may be applicable to infiltration studies in neonates with very small blood vessels.

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